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反映现实政治体质的“辉煌城市”第1张图片

巴特莱特学生Freja Bao设计朝圣目的地“重塑中国”
Bartlett student Freja Bao designs pilgrimage destination "to rebrand China"

由专筑网王子铭,杨帆编译

UCL巴特莱特建筑学院毕业生Freja Bao以中国的首都文化为出发点,设计出一个名为“辉煌城市”的总体规划方案,有助于改变国家的政治形象。

虚构的城市位于中国南海海域,一块具有争议的旅游胜地,Freja Bao将其构思为向全球华人开放的朝圣之地。

Bartlett School of Architecture graduate Freja Bao has devised a masterplan for a new Chinese cultural capital that could help to change the country's political image.
Called Splendour, the fictional city is a tourist destination located on the disputed territories in the South China Sea. Bao imagines it as an open pilgrimage destination for all Chinese speaking global citizens.

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Freja Bao 说“中国已被西方媒体视为东南亚最大的政体,而这个项目正是以实际情况为前提来重塑中国的政治形象。作为体现中国文化的新一汇集地,我借鉴了在第二次世界大战之后由欧盟提出的EEC概念。EEC的第一步就是促进经济合作,这个做法是与其他国家建立经济上的依存关系,从而避免可能的政治冲突。”

"China has been rendered as an ultra-political bully amongst its South East Asia neighbours by the western media," says Bao. "This project employs the premise to rebrand China's political image. The new cultural capital city of the Great China Region, borrowed the concept of EEC, the former EU, which was created in the aftermath of the second world war."
"The EEC's first steps were to foster economic cooperation: the idea being that countries that trade with another become economically interdependent and so more likely to avoid political conflict."

反映现实政治体质的“辉煌城市”第3张图片

Freja Bao研究的项目,作为巴特莱特教学第10课题的一部分,课题由Simon Dickens和CJ Lim作为指导老师。今年的设计课题探讨了人员流离失所、城市搬迁以及乌托邦的出现原因。

其中有人问到:“仅是带有虚构叙事性的方案所体现出的城市建筑环境,可以真正地解决实际紧迫的社会政治、经济和环境问题吗?”

Bao developed the project as part of the Bartlett's Unit 10, under the tutorage of Simon Dickens and CJ Lim. This year, the design unit explored the idea of displacement of people, the relocation of cities and the creation of utopias.
Students were asked: "Can the appropriation of fiction and narrative inform the shaping of an urban and architectural vision, while addressing real and urgent sociopolitical, economic and environmental concerns?"

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Freja Bao的回应来自于孟元老所著书中的“辉煌之梦” 的思想,他于1126年在书中记录了北宋的灭亡,自身一步步沦为难民的经历以及对往日辉煌都城的无限眷恋。

回忆录被认为是虚构和事实的混合体,书中生动地记录了旧都市的城市生活、商业贸易、传统习俗及饮食等方面。

Bao's response was inspired by the book The Eastern Capital: A Dream of Splendor – a memoir written by Meng Yuan lao, who became a refugee from Kaifeng, the affluent capital of the Northern Song Dynasty, in 1126.
Believed to be a mixture of fiction and fact, the memoir vividly recalls the old capital's urban life, seasonal products, and festivals, as well as foods, customs, and traditions.

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Freja Bao说,因自然四季的存在,才会产生每个季节各自的节日活动,而不是政治一体化所导致的。

在不同的季节里,城市的不同部分将被激活。春天,兰花沿着酒店绽放,而在夏天,竹子排列成的柱廊作为入口,通向海藻养殖场和养鱼池,同时人们也将竹笋进行收集并运送到餐厅。

Instead of global politics, Bao says that nature governs Splendour through the four seasons and their respective seasonal festivities.
During each season, different parts of the city will be activated. In spring, orchids bloom alongside along the hotel units, while in summer, a bamboo colonnade lines the entranceway, seaweed farms and fish farms are brought to life, and bamboo shoots and leaves are collected and transported to the restaurants.

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秋天,岛上的菊花呈梯田式绽放,将天空中的月牙补为一个满月。这种设计操作参考了中国电影《满城尽带黄金甲》中盛大的菊花场景,将菊花作为家庭团聚的象征。

冬季,餐厅中垂直生长的梅花在服务区域之间形成一道屏风,使食客不受外界的影响,同时也可以防风。

In autumn, the island's chrysanthemum terraces come into bloom transforming the capital's crescent shaped-plan into to a full moon shape. The display references the grand chrysanthemum plots from the Chinese film Curse of the Golden Flower – in Chinese culture, the golden chrysanthemum carries the meaning of family reunion and a worship of moon.
In winter, vertically-growing plum blossoms in the restaurant areas create a veil across service zones, shielding them from view of diners while also providing protection from the wind.

反映现实政治体质的“辉煌城市”第7张图片

在巴特莱特建筑学院的夏季展览中,第10课题的导师解释说:“根据2006年”斯特恩评论“,到2050年,由于复杂的经济、社会和政治驱动因素的混合交织,大约有2亿人将会永久性地流离失所,这种情况会因环境条件日益恶化而加剧。

因此,政府与规划师、建筑师不应相互“战斗“,而是需要共同合作去探讨未来的人文建筑环境。”

In the Bartlett Summer show catalogue, the Unit 10 tutors explained: "According to the 2006 Stern Review, around 200 million people will be permanently displaced by 2050, through an amalgamation of complex economic, social and political drivers, exacerbated by increasingly unpredictable environmental conditions."
"Rather than 'fighting', governments together with planners and architects, need to envision built environments that embrace the enemy."

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出处:本文译自www.dezeen.com/,转载请注明出处。

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