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除了中国一注的8年大战,在其他国家成为注册建筑师需要多久呢?第1张图片


成为一名建筑师需要多久?
How Long Does it Take to Become an Architect?

由专筑网李韧,杨帆编译

在决定从事建筑行业之前,会有许多问题闪过脑海,例如我应该报考哪所院校?我是否应该出国深造?那些国际顶级院校的花费是否太过高昂?需要多长时间我才能成为一名建筑师?其实建筑师的培养很简单,从5年的学习生涯就已经开始了。

无论是出国深造还是在家呆着,你都需要了解,在不同的国家成为一名真正意义上的建筑师需要花费多长时间。你可以了解一下不同的数据,以及除了学习之外,你还有哪些事情必须要做。

首先,这条路或多或少都有些类似。无论你是在日本,还是在英国、斯里兰卡等等,这些过程都是必须的,那便是你要经过5年的专业学习,然后1到3年的实践期,最后,进行注册考试获得官方认可。

Before deciding on a career in architecture, plenty of questions can cross one’s mind: Which school should I choose? Should I study abroad or choose a local school? Would enrolling in top international universities cost me a fortune? How long will it take for me to finally be able to build my own structure? At the end of the day, the making of an architect is pretty simple: half a decade of architecture studies, and then some.
Whether you are considering studying abroad or staying home, you'll need to know how long it takes to become an architect in your country of choice. Take a look at how long it usually takes to earn that degree in different countries from all over the world, and what you'll need to do (aside from attending school) before becoming a certified architect.
The journey of earning an architectural license is more or less the same everywhere. Whether you choose Japan, the UK, or Sri Lanka for your B.Arch studies, the process remains similar: around 5 years of architecture school, usually followed by one to three years of internship; finally, architects are often required to pass an exam for the official certification.

除了中国一注的8年大战,在其他国家成为注册建筑师需要多久呢?第2张图片

via Tableau / Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture

在英国或美国获得建筑执照会有一些困难。在英国,你首先得经过3至4年的专业建筑学习,然后至少拥有1至2年的工作经验。另外,学生还得花费1至2年的时间拿下相应的硕士学位,然后再进行工作实践。只有完成这些内容,学生才有资格参加RIBA Part III考试,通过考试之后,才能成为一名合格的注册建筑师。

Earning an architecture license in the UK or USA is formidable. In the United Kingdom, working under the title of “architect” involves studying in a recognized architecture school for three to four years, followed by a minimum of one year of working experience. The student must then earn a postgraduate degree (M.Arch) which usually takes one-and-a-half to two years, followed by an extra working year. Only then is the student allowed to take the RIBA Part III exam, which, upon passing, allows him/her to become a registered architect.

除了中国一注的8年大战,在其他国家成为注册建筑师需要多久呢?第3张图片


但是在一些国家则有着不同的制度。例如,如果要在瑞士获得建筑师资格并没有太多的限制,意思就是你只要开始建筑设计,你就是一名建筑师。这是因为国家没有对这一领域进行过多的干预,只要掌握了绘图技能,了解当地规范,学生们就可以进行创作。但是,瑞士工程与建筑师协会(Swiss Society of Engineers and Architects——SIA)要求入会成员们要有专业的建筑学位。

诸如爱尔兰、法国、德国等国家则不允许官方考试作为成为注册建筑师的途径。在德国,建筑师的名号必须依附某个建筑事务所。但是要成为其中的一员,则必须高中毕业之后,在建筑院校进行4年的学习,接着在注册建筑事务所进行实习。而在法国,建筑师在获得2年的学历之后,还必须进行3年的专业学位学习,然后进行1年的专业实践。

印度建筑师在完成至少5年的建筑学习(其中包含1年的专业实践)之后,可以通过印度建筑委员会(Indian Council of Architecture)认可,从而获得认证资格。同样,巴西建筑师在完成5年的建筑学习过程中也包含有6个月的专业实践。

Some countries, however, adopt a different system. Earning the title of architect in Switzerland, for instance, is not regulated or controlled. In other words, you can begin working in an architecture firm long before you earn a certified license. This is due to the fact that the country does not impose strict licensing on this domain. Students can begin working in the architecture field as long as they have obtained proper drafting skills and learned all about the Swiss building codes. However, membership in the Swiss Society of Engineers and Architects (SIA) requires architects to have the relevant degrees, typically requiring a total of 5 years of study.
Countries such as Ireland, France, and Germany do not impose an official exam or colloquium to become a licensed architect. In Germany, the title of architect is legally limited to those registered with a provincial Chamber of Architects. To be a part of the chamber, one must complete 4 years of architecture school, followed by a higher education diploma, and extensive experience under the supervision of a registered architect. In France (contrary to the above graphic by the Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture) architects must study a 3-year degree followed by a 2-year diploma, then complete one year of professional practice.
Architects in India can earn their place in the Indian Council of Architecture as soon as they finish a minimum of five years of architecture studies, which includes one year working in an internship as part of the course. Similarly in Brazil (and also contrary to the graphic above) the 5-year course includes a minimum of 6 months working in practice as part of the degree.

除了中国一注的8年大战,在其他国家成为注册建筑师需要多久呢?第4张图片


在诸如墨西哥和黎巴嫩等国家,成为一名专业建筑师并不需要经过专门的考试。例如在黎巴嫩,其要求非常简单,只需要完成5年以上的建筑学习,同时缴纳3000美元,你就能成为一名认证建筑师。

没有人认为建筑是轻松的行业,但它值得我们为之奋斗。

图片来源:Andrea Vasquez

In some countries, such as Mexico and Lebanon, neither an official exam nor professional experience is necessary to become a licensed architect. In Lebanon, the requirements are rather simple: Five or more years of architecture studies, an approximate amount of $3,000 USD, and you are qualified to become a certified architect.
Nobody said embarking on a career in architecture would be easy, but it is definitely worth every struggle.
Images for this article were kindly provided by Andrea Vasquez.

        
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