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In/Visible Borders

由专筑网缕夕,李韧编译

提交日期:2018年12月16日
注册日期:2018年12月16日
语言:英语
地点:美国华盛顿特区
奖励:请参阅下面的详细信息
类型:创意比赛

城市为居民建立和发展,但人们常常无法成为其中的主要因素。今年,AIA | DC城市设计委员会探讨该如何更好地了解建筑和城市设计,促进城市内的空间公平。

这力求为在社区空间提供平等机会。设计师和开发人员之间的合作目的是结合社区精神和愿望,创造一种衡量人类价值的地方文化。因此,这场竞赛目的是构思人们的生活场所,以及构思如何继续实现更多的空间公平。

提示

边界定义了人们日常生活的边缘。所有尺度的边界,无论是有形的还是无形,都建立了建筑环境与周围社区之间的关系。边界对人们如何识别自己、与他人联系、利用可用资源和形成社区产生影响。它是人们选择的物理和象征性的体现,是衡量公平分配的指标。这些边界可以定义空间关系,使世界更加清晰和可读。

边界还具有限制资源共享的作用。这通常会导致一方不利并使进一步的不公平现象长期存在。这些不公平现象表现在不同的层面,如贫民窟、公共住房、难民营和战区。另外,它们还可以转化为影响流动和教育的基础设施系统。不可用绿地空间、食品沙漠、空旷的建筑、空地和拥挤的街道只是不平等的物理表现。

根据简·雅各布斯(Jane Jacobs)的说法,边界“对城市及社区的生活产生影响。不仅仅是字面上的障碍,还有城市生活的许多特征,其中有道路、公园以及建筑,这些都可以阻碍公共场所的活动,并创造所谓的边界真空。”相比之下,凯文·林奇(Kevin Lynch)认为:“边界可以融合社区,如果通过视线或运动渗透,边界可能不仅是主导障碍,因为其两侧的区域可以构造至一定深度,然后它会成为接缝而非障碍,这条线能够将两个区域结合在一起。”如果将边界视为将不同实体拼接在一起或促进连接的手段,它更有可能具有灵活性、渗透性和包容性。

1995年,七个欧洲国家相互开放边界,让公民无需携带证件就可进入其他国家。这个团体名为“Schengen Zone”,后来加入了19个国家,这些国家边界的打破,使欧洲大部分地区聚集在一起,也使得跨境通勤变得更加容易,增加各个国家的沟通契机,以及更频繁的度假机会。然而,最近的难民危机和民族主义政党的崛起导致一些边境管制重新建立。Schengen Zone的存在受到质疑,欧洲边界的未来尚不明朗。有许多国家正在重新评估贸易、移民和难民方面的立场。

除了州/县和其他划分国家的管辖线外,还有通过基础设施系统、交通网络、农业生产、劳动力、工会、电信、能源生产等复杂网络转化的边界条件。这些行业背后隐藏着众多组织机构和利益相关者。这些复杂的网络由于政治边界而经常受到影响,同时这对于自治国家的存在至关重要。重新构想边界如何影响政治?在社区层面,人们经常遇到限制运动的边界,这表现为一定的标志特征,或通过社会文化系统融入自身。街道、建筑、广场之间的关系形成空间契机,是隔离,也是统一,凝聚力和集体主义可以将消极冲突转变为积极增长。


挑战

如何通过设计的方式将边界空间统一起来?同时保持特征、多样性、安全性和场所感?

设计过程如何变化?如何在多个尺度上重新构想边界?这会对整个社区产生什么影响?

边界是否能够促进空间公平?是否会损害空间公平?那么该如何增进与避免这些问题?

主办方要求参赛者构思设计方案,增强边界的空间公平性。成功的方案应该证明边界条件形成的多个尺度之间的关系,以及由此产生的系统关系的城市状况,受这种状况影响的个人,以及可能管理或影响这些系统运作的利益相关者。


参赛资格

每队参赛队伍最多五名成员,注册并提交参赛作品。

团队可以提交多个方案,但每个方案都需单独注册和支付注册费用,并且内容不能重复。重复的内容将取消相关竞赛资格。

AIA | DC城市设计委员会注册会员不能参赛。

如果您对参赛资格要求有任何疑问,请通过ai.ud.dc@gmail.com与AIA | DC UDC主办方联系。针对本次竞赛,AIA | DC UDC拥有最终解释权。


奖励

决赛入围者将受邀在UDDC的年度出版物中撰写一篇简短文章来叙述提交的作品,同时将收到该期刊的印刷版。

获奖者将获得750美元,并免费注册到下一届AIA | DC城市设计大赛,此外还有机会在该期刊上撰写文章并获得印刷版。


费用

注册结束时间:2018年12月16日
学生 – 注册费35美元
专业 – 注册费50美元
请注意,所有注册费均不予退还。
每个团队只需支付一次注册费。


作品提交要求

注册

必须在项目提交时提交参赛者信息,包括主要联系人姓名、电子邮件地址和所有团队成员的名单。
提交主要联系人姓名和电子邮件必须与注册匹配,否则将取消资格。

提交要求        

参赛者可以以各种方式表达想法,需要满足以下要求:
所有提交截止日期为美国东部时间2018年12月16日晚上11:59。
所有提交的内容必须是数字格式,并上传到竞赛网站。
注册成功后,参赛者将收到一个链接和确认ID,用以登录作品提交网站。
请在截止日期之前上传提交作品。
提交内容中不能出现任何身份识别信息。
需要300-500个单词对项目进行简短叙述。
图纸应说明设计方案对不同城市尺度的影响。
提交文件应为以下格式:PDF、AVI、WMV、MOV、MP4。
PDF最多为5页。
视频提交时长限制为3分钟。
所有提交文件都限制为25 MB。
提交的材料可包括以下类型:
鸟瞰、人视点透视
场地规划、设计、剖面
轴测图或等轴测图
视频(最长3分钟)
信息图表
拼贴画
GIF动图

竞赛网站:https://www.aiadc.com/event/competition-invisible-borders

Submission: December 16, 2018
Registration: December 16, 2018
Language: English
Location: Washington D.C., USA
Prizes: Please see details below
Type: Idea Competition

Cities should be built and evolve for the people that live within them, but who the people are is often debated, forgotten, or misunderstood. This year, the AIA|DC Urban Design Committee has sought a better understanding how architecture and urban design contribute to spatial equity within cities.
Spatial equity strives to give equal opportunity to the community inhabiting the space. The collaboration between the designer and developer aims to be inclusive of the community ethos and aspiration, creating a culture of place that measures human values. Thus this competition strives to elicit new ideas for the places in which we, the people, live and how we can continue to achieve more spatial equity.

PROMPT
Thresholds, boundaries, and borders define the edges of our everyday life. Borders of all scales, visible and invisible, establish relationships between the built environment and surrounding communities. Borders influence how we identify ourselves, relate to others, utilize available resources, and form communities. They are the physical and symbolic embodiment of our choices and are an indicator of how equity is distributed. These borders can clarify and define spaces and relationships — making the world around us easier to navigate and understand.
Borders also have the ability to restrict the sharing of resources. This typically results in the detriment of one party and perpetuates further inequity. These inequities are manifested in different scales, such as slums, public housing, refugee camps, and war zones.They also can translate into infrastructural systems affecting mobility and education. The lack of access to green spaces, food deserts, empty buildings, vacant lots, and congested streets are just a few of the physical manifestations of inequity.
Borders, according to Jane Jacobs, “exert an influence (sucking) the life out of our cities and its neighborhoods. Not just literal walls and barriers, many features of urban life — from roads to parks to buildings — can cut off activities in public spaces and create what’s called a border vacuum.” In contrast, Kevin Lynch argues that boundaries can fuse communities together: “an edge may be more than simply a dominant barrier if some visual or motion penetration is allowed through it — if it is […] structured to some depth with the regions on either side. It then becomes a seam rather than a barrier, a line of exchange along which two areas are sewn together.” If borders are instead viewed as a means of stitching disparate entities together or facilitating connections and transactions, they have the potential to be flexible, permeable, and inclusive.
In 1995 seven european countries opened their borders to each other for their citizens to cross without IDs. This group, known as the Schengen Zone, was later joined by 19 countries, the dissolution of these state borders brought a large part of europe together. It resulted in easier cross-border commutes to work, the ability to shop in other countries, and vacations unencumbered by tedious passport hassles. However, the recent refugee crisis and rise of nationalistic parties have led to some border controls being re-established. The Schengen Zone is being questioned and the future of european borders is unclear. There are numerous countries that are re-evaluating their own positions with regard to trade, immigration, and refugees.
In addition to the state/county, and other jurisdictional lines that divide a nation, there are border conditions that are translated through the complex networks of infrastructural systems, transportation networks, agricultural production, labor forces/unions, telecommunications, energy production, and more. Behind these industries lie numerous organizing institutes and stakeholders. These complex network often suffer in their efficiency due to political borders, and are critical for the existence of an autonomous state. Is it possible to reimagine how borders impact autonomy? At the neighborhood level we often come across edges that restrict movement, manifested either in physical signs or integrated within us through socio-cultural systems. The relationship between buildings, streets/buildings, plaza/street/buildings, offers spaces for opportunity that redefines the segregation to integration. Cohesion and collectivism can transform the points of conflicts to points of growth.

CHALLENGE
How can design as a medium leverage and transform borders to unify spaces while at the same time maintaining identity, diversity, security, and sense of place?
How does the design process vary and how can it be reimagined with respect to borders, at multiple scales, and what impacts would this have on the community at large?
When do borders contribute to spatial equity and when do they harm these pursuits? How can design reinforce or weaken these affects, respectively?
You are asked to propose design solutions to enhance spatial equity along a border(s). A successful proposal should seek to demonstrate the relationship between multiple scales that are formed by border conditions: the resultant urban conditions of this systematic relationships, the individuals who are impacted by this urban condition, and the stakeholders who may manage or influence how these systems operate.

ELIGIBILITY
Any person or teams of up to five members may register and submit a competition entry.
Multiple entries from the same person or team may be considered as long as each is registered and paid for separately and the content is not duplicated. Duplicated content will disqualify all entries involved.
Any person that is a registered member of the AIA|DC Urban Design Committee is not eligible.
If you have any questions about the eligibility requirements, please contact the AIA|DC UDC at ai.ud.dc@gmail.com. AIA|DC UDC shall have the sole authority to verify that eligibility requirements have been met.

AWARDS
The finalists will be invited to author a brief article in UDDC’s annual publication about their submission and will receive a printed copy of the journal. See last years journal here.
The winner will receive $750 and free registration to the next AIA|DC Urban Design Competition, in addition to the opportunity to author an article in this journal and receive a printed copy.

FEES
Registration - December 16, 2018
Student - submission fee of $35               
Professional - submission fee of $50
Please note that all fees are non-refundable.
Teams of up to five persons may submit under one admission fee.

SUBMISSION REQUIREMENTS
Registration
Entrant information, including primary contact name, email address, and list of all team members (if applicable) must be submitted at the time of project submission.
Submission primary contact name AND email must match with registration. Noncompliance will be disqualified.
Submission Requirements
You are invited to describe your ideas in any variety of ways, with the following requirements:
All submissions are due by 11:59 pm EST on December 16th, 2018.                  
All submissions must be digital and uploaded to the competition website.            
Once registered will receive a link and confirmation number to access the submission website.
No compensations will be made for technical difficulties in uploading past the deadline. We  encourage you to upload your submission early.
No identifying information should appear within the content of the submission.
A short narrative of 300-500 words is required.
Drawings should illustrate the proposals impact on different urban scales.
Files should be submitted in one of the following file types: PDF, AVI, WMV, MOV, MP4.
Multi-page PDF submissions are limited to 5 pages/slides.
Video submission are limited to 3 minutes in length.
All submissions (regardless of format) are limited to 25 MB in size.         
Submissions could include, among other types:
Bird’s eye and/or eye level renderings   
Site plans, plans and/or sections           
Axonometric or isometric drawings
Video (max length of 3min)
Infographics and diagrams
Collage
GIF

competition’s website: https://www.aiadc.com/event/competition-invisible-borders

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