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来自建筑事务所的描述。卢森堡自由港设在卢森堡芬德尔国际机场附近,包括高度安全的存储处所、 陈列室和行政办公室。

From the architect. Built near the Luxembourg-Findel international airport, the Luxembourg Freeport contains highly secured storage premises, showrooms and administrative offices.

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Courtesy of Atelier d’Architecture 3BM3

该项目由日内瓦的d'Architecture 3BM3建筑师事务所 (Carmelo Stendardo & B. Montant)设计,该事务所也承担了日内瓦和新加坡自由港项目的概念设计。他们的做法基于安全、 合法、 技术和功能的考虑,但将其尽可能地转化到建筑中。


The project developed by Atelier d’Architecture 3BM3 (Carmelo Stendardo & B. Montant) in Geneva, already conceptors, among others, of both Geneva and Singapore Freeport buildings. Their approach is based on the consideration of safety, legal, technical and functional matters, but transcends them by turning them into as many architectural qualities.

自由港并非仅仅具有储存功能。其临时性私人画廊和展示厅使其成为艺术的展示空间。如果用几句话总结项目的概念,可以说一切都如预想那般超越了简单的安全储存功能,而实现了傻瓜技术和安全模块化空间。与极力隐藏的建筑外部特性相反,室内的建筑理念与藏品保持一致性。


A Freeport is not only a deposit. It is a showcase made to keep art, characterized by the presence of ephemeral private galleries and showrooms. If it were possible to summarize the concept of the project in a few words, it would be appropriate to say that everything has been thought to go beyond simple secured storage to achieve fool proof technical and safety modular space. On the opposite of the discreet outside architectural identity, the inside architectural concept is in line with the stored treasures.

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Courtesy of Atelier d’Architecture 3BM3

法规的要求成为打破陈腐简单的框架结构把戏的一个契机,从而建立了一个严肃的氛围。技术上的限制,包括安全事项 (外部环境的控制、 通行控制、 地震探测器、 湿度探测器、 红外摄像机、 温度和湿度的控制、建筑入口处利用最新扫描技术的货物控制等)都对建筑的形式特征产生影响。


The legal requirements become an excuse for a volumetric game that breaks the banality of a simple box and creates formal tensions. The technical constraints, including security matters (control of the external environment, access control, seismic detectors, humidity detectors, infrared cameras, temperature and humidity control, goods control at the entrance of the building with the latest technology scanners, etc.) have led to the architectural character of the building.

像一个封闭的口袋一样,几乎没有窗户、采光依赖天窗、建筑厚重感强烈以及看似壮观的入口都是项目的前提条件。高性能的墙壁能隔热和防止冷气外泄。外衬金属条形基,改变了项目外观,产生因光和时间而异的景观。


An envelope with practically no windows, light sources by skylights, heavy weight and spectacular looking doors lead to the premises, high performance facades that prevent both a significant addition of heat and air conditioning leaking outside the building. This skin is lined by a gabions shield, which allows the image of the building to vibrate and vary according to the mood of light and time.

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Courtesy of Atelier d’Architecture 3BM3

建筑墙体厚度不同,便允许金属框可以调节石头嵌入建筑外表面的比例,而建筑地基在竖直方向也颇具特色。


A variation of thicknesses allows the gabions to change the perception of the stone that invades the vertical faces of the building, placed on a foundation characterized by vertical lines.

功能要求引导了“精致方体”的概念,建筑如此的精致和耐人寻味,也含蓄地表现了其内部藏品的价值。


The functional requirements have led to the idea of a precious box, so delicate and voluptuous that discreetly announces the value of the goods it contains.

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Courtesy of Atelier d’Architecture 3BM3

天然石材构成的外基有利于存放会因雨、 雪和日照环境而发生颜色改变的宝石。在葡萄牙艺术家 Vhils 与美国设计师 Johanna Grawunder 的共同参与下,项目还强化了建筑、 艺术与设计之间的异同。两名艺术家的参与不像大多数建筑工程一样仅仅在项目后期,而是在设计阶段就参与进来。


The natural stone that composes the gabions contributes to the vibration of this jewel by the changing of colors depending on the rain, snow and sun. With the interventions of the American designer Johanna Grawunder and Portuguese artist Vhils, the building also reinforces the differences and similarities between architecture, art and design. The involvement of these two artists took place not at the end of the book, as can be seen in most buildings, but at the design stage.

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平面设计图

这特别适用于 Johanna Grawunder的作品,他希望首先理解项目的品质,进而进行相应的干预,使得这样的干预措施不再是建筑的附庸,而是成为建筑本身的一部分。项目是为实现高能的性能标准,并且是可持续发展概念的一部分。施工中使用的材料对环境影响小,用在技术设施的材料也一样。本地或再生材料的使用也是一个亮点。


This particularly applies to Johanna Grawunder’s work, who wished to first understand the architectural qualities of the project to propose interventions that do not appear as additions but as constitutive parts of the building. The building is constructed in order to achieve high-energy performance standards and is part of sustainable development concepts. The materials used in the construction had little impact on environment as well as those used for the technical installations. A particular attention has been given to the use of local or recycled materials.

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Courtesy of Atelier d’Architecture 3BM3


沙子对混凝土的颜色有重要影响,采场单一、由本地的生产商负责以保证颜色最大的均匀性。为了保证项目在不同假设的周边条件(温度和湿度)下的运作,对所有生产程序制定了 N + 1 冗余的原则。



Sand, significant in the final colour of the concrete, came from a single source and was stored at the local producers to ensure maximum uniformity of colour. To ensure at all times ambient conditions (temperature and humidity) in the various premises, a principle of N + 1 redundancy is provided on all delivery sequence of energies.


这样做是为了防止各种错误或设备故障,也利于在不影响大厦运作的前提下进行预防性维护或维修。


This is done to protect against various failures or malfunctions of facilities and also allows for preventive or curative maintenance operations without affecting the functioning of the building.

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Courtesy of Atelier d’Architecture 3BM3

周围条件只有通过空气得以保证。基于艺术品展示的需要,储存区域必须完全无水。一楼和地下室储藏设施所要求的条件是 18 ° C (± 1.5 ° C)、 相对湿度 50%(+ 10%),其他层储存室则要求20 ° C (± 1.5 ° C)、相对湿度50%(+ 10%)。在技术设备区旁的一些存储设施可保证 18 ° C 、相对湿度60%。


Ambient conditions are ensured only by air. Water in the storage areas is absolutely excluded because of the presence of artworks. The requirements in the storage facilities for the basement and the ground floor are 18 ° C (± 1.5 ° C), 50% (+ 10%) relative humidity and 20 ° C (± 1.5 ° C) and 50% (+ 10%) relative humidity for the other storeys. In some storage facilities near technical areas conditions of 18 ° C and 60% relative humidity are ensured.


在办公区,可实现23 ° C (± 1.5 ° C) 和相对湿度 50%(+ 10%)。预加载板荷载达 2 吨 / m2。支柱周围的额外厚度,可以在保证刚度的同时提高穿透阻力,也可以防止支柱变形。


In the office areas, conditions (23 ° C ± 1.5 ° C) and 50% (+ 10%) relative humidity are ensured. The slabs are preloaded to support over significant charges up to 2 tons per m2. Local extra thickness around the pillars (mushrooms) guarantee puncture resistance while increasing stiffness. They also have the effect of limiting deformations span.

卢森堡自由港/ Atelier d’Architecture 3BM3第8张图片

Courtesy of Atelier d’Architecture 3BM3

平均有 250 人在这片区域上班。项目总共使用了16,400 m3混凝土。室内建筑模板面积约 47'400 m2,而内部安装的电枢重量是 1700 吨。基建工程耗时约 64500 小时。为保证工期, d'Architecture 3BM3工作室得到了 A + A的协助。采用当地石料建设的外基保证内部高度绝缘以防止热量流失或热增。该项目以使用工地本身的石料填充入石笼的做法成为其一大特色,并借此与基地融合。


An average of 250 people worked on the site. 16,400 m3 of concrete was used. Formworks represent about 47’400 m2, while the weight of the armatures installed is 1.700 tonnes. The structural work took about 64’500 hours. For the carrying out of the works, the Atelier d’Architecture 3BM3 was assisted in situ by the architects A + A. The building envelope, highly insulated to prevent heat loss or heat gain is coated with Gabion structures inside which were assembled stones of the region. This architectural option reflects the desire to build in harmony with the site, largely characterized by the presence of these stones, which were used from the construction area to fill the gabion structures.

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Courtesy of Atelier d’Architecture 3BM3

从第一个草图,我们就打算建设精致、理性的项目。所以项目的基本前提是需要包含可持续发展概念。我们想要在建材使用和施工中尽可能地限制污染产生。使用的材料在生产、 运输和处理环节中减弱了对环境的影响,并确保建筑生命周期足够长。


From the first sketches, we intended to propose a compact and rational building. Essential premises for any project claiming be part of a sustainable development concept. We wanted to limit grey energy as much as possible in the use of materials and construction processes. The materials used have limited environmental impact for their production, transport and processing and ensure long life to the building.

无论建筑内外,均采用加工程序少的材料和无添加合成树脂漆,限制了温室气体排放的有害物质。该项目巧妙地实现了能源生集中生产、 可再生能源的利用、 雨水管理、 保证项目一贯的高能状态。


Outside and inside, Materials with minimal processing and free of synthetic lacquers were used, limiting emissions of harmful substances. The project easily enabled the centralization of energy production, the use of renewable energies, management of rainwater and the implementation of a building with high-energy performances.

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建筑设计:Atelier d’Architecture 3BM3
项目地点:卢森堡
负责人主持建筑师:Carmelo STENDARDO, Bénédicte MONTANT
主设计师:Carmelo STENDARDO, Bénédicte MONTANT
合作人:Raphael de Paulin, Eliana Trindade,Bruno Ferraz
摄影:Courtesy of Atelier d'Architecture 3BM3

Architects: Atelier d’Architecture 3BM3
Location: Luxembourg
Architect In Charge: Carmelo STENDARDO, Bénédicte MONTANT
Project Manager: Marcos Perez
Collaborators: Raphael de Paulin, Eliana Trindade, Bruno Ferraz
Photographs: Courtesy of Atelier d’Architecture 3BM3


本文来源于:http://www.archdaily.com
via: ray,陈晓东

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