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这是一间小小的,有座位,有光线,空气流通同时充满神性的家庭小教堂。意大利建筑事务所EXiT分享了他们与客户的对话记录,为大家展现了项目的决定性条件和思考过程。

客户:“我们想请你们帮我们修一个家庭教堂。”建筑师:“有趣,请问你们一年几次去墓地看亲人?”客户:“一年两次,分别是死者去世的日子和万圣节”建筑师:“我们建议在城市里找个私人小空间,这样您可以节约您宝贵的时间让自己到里面思考,集中精力,与亲人接近。”客户:“我不认为一直呆在小教堂里面会舒服,因为他们往往是黑暗的,没有座位而且狭小和空气不流通。”建筑师:“我们会设计一个舒适的,有座位的,空气流通的空间。有柔和且不断变化的光线从屋顶照射进入,时间的流逝在其中可以被感知。地面的砂石能让雨水快速流走并保持室内干燥。当沉默占据一切,您动动脚,站立来走走,砂石就会发出响声。门不是气密性的大门,而是可以允许空气和光线穿过,实现微妙的变化氛围。”客户:“就算在里面能坐着呆得舒服,但是我们还是不可避免的要盯着死者和他们的照片,气氛总体还是压抑的。”建筑师:“教堂从内到外均匀的石材表面可以减轻这种压抑感,屋顶由INOX管子拼合,圆形的空洞不仅流入光线、空气、雨水,当您抬头时,还能看见天空。”



↑ 外观,匀称的石材外立面


Extracts from the conversation with the client

FP and MP: “We called you to have our family chapel built”

EXiT: “It would be interesting though to reflect together on what is a family chapel about. For example, how many times do you go to the cemetery to see your loved ones?”

FP and MP: “Well, usually twice per year, on the anniversary of the deceased and on the All Saints Day”

EXiT: “ Then, we propose designing a small space within the city. Basically, in Padova you’ll have a personal and private space where you could go to think, meditate, concentrate and, above all, allow yourself precious time to stay close to your loved ones”.

FP and MP: “I don’t think that spending time in a family chapel would be comfortable, as they are often dark. In addition you cannot sit in them because there is not enough space and they lack air also”.

EXiT: “That’s why we thought about developing a comfortable space where you can sit and stay in contact with the atmospheric agents but be protected by them. The roof, with its passage of soft and changing light would enable you to appreciate the passing of time, and in case of rain, the water would drain through some holes inside the chapel. The floor, made of white gravel, would drain the water leaving the floor dry and when the silence becomes too oppressive, with the slight movement of gravel by foot, you will be accompanied in your thoughts by a slight sound. The door would not be closed hermetically but would allow air and light to pass so as to realize a controlled microclimate with a changing light according to the hour of the day.

FP and MP: “Even though we could stay comfortable, the sight will inevitably move to the names of the deceased and on their photos thus making a stay there too oppressive”.

EXiT: “That’s why the stone will have a silent facing so it will be difficult to identify the burial niches. That’s why the wall design will look uniform from the inside to the outside and thus will mitigate the passage through the two ambiances. The roof will be developed by joining inox tubes that would be soldered together; this will produce a continuum of movement of lights and shadows leading your sight upwards. A few of these tubes will not be covered and from them light, air, rain will pass allowing you to see the sky.”



↑ 外观,非气密性的大门,留有缝隙允许空气和光线穿过,实现微妙的变化氛围



↑ 大门,留有缝隙允许空气和光线穿过,实现微妙的变化氛围



↑ 屋顶由INOX管子拼合,圆形的空洞不仅流入光线、空气、雨水。抬头时,还能看见天空



↑ 舒适的,有座位的,空气流通的空间。有柔和且不断变化的光线从屋顶照射进入,时间的流逝在其中可以被感知。地面的砂石能让雨水快速流走并保持室内干燥。



↑ 变化的光影空间



↑ 站在入口看内部 & 背面



↑ 顶部天花



↑ 光斑游走,天空在上





↑ groung floor





↑ south elevation







↑ section







↑ roof detail



location: Cimitero Maggiore, Via del Cimitero,1 Padova Italydesigner: EXiT architetti associati (Francesco Loschi, Giuseppe Pagano, Paolo Panetto)dates: January  2009 – September 2009client: privatearea: 13 mqvolume:63 mcproject manager: Giuseppe Paganostructural project: Alberto Soligobuilding contractor: Parpajola s.p.a.stone supplier: Iaconcig Pietra Piasentina



MORE:  EXiT
via:gooood.hk

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