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MARKUS JESCHAUNIG
OASIS NO. 8

由专筑网缕夕,李韧编译

位于奥地利格拉茨市城市空地的废热装置为香蕉、菠萝和木瓜的生长创造了热带微气候。

Waste heat installation situated in a urban void in the city of Graz, Austria creates a tropical micro climate for growing banana, pineapple and papaya plants.

绿洲8号——让欧洲的宝宝们吃到更新鲜的亚热带水果第1张图片

© SIMON OBERHOFER

2015年实施的废热装置,绿洲8号位于格拉茨市的一个城市空地。废热装置的作用是由比萨饼店和面包店的制冷设备产生的废热所造成热带微气候,用于种植香蕉、菠萝和番木瓜等亚热带水果。作为一种寄生型的建筑装置,在冬季,EFTE气泡的内部气候可以保持在12摄氏度以上,这是热带植物所需的最低温度。“Bananahood”的志愿者时刻关注着植物的生长,并通过智能手机控制技术系统。2016年夏末,番木瓜和香蕉等水果已经收获和进行品尝了。这是一次成功的、多学科的混合行动。

The 2015 implemented waste heat installation Oasis No. 8 is situated in a vacant lot in the city of Graz. Powered by the waste heat of refrigeration units from a Pizzeria and a bakery it creates a tropical micro climate for growing banana, pineapple and papaya plants. As a parasitic architectural intervention it can keep the interior climate of an EFTE bubble at more than 12° Celsius over the winter, the minimum temperature required by the tropical plants. The volunteers of the ‘Bananahood’ is caring about the plants and controls the technical system via smartphone. In late summer 2016 Papaya and Banana fruits have been harvested and tasted by the public. A successful, multidisciplinary and hybrid action.

绿洲8号——让欧洲的宝宝们吃到更新鲜的亚热带水果第2张图片

© SEBASTIAN REISER

据统计,香蕉是欧洲几个国家最受欢迎的热带水果,超市全年供应。在欧洲品尝香蕉和其他热带水果需要高要求的能源和全球物流。在水果尚未成熟的时候将其收获,再将它们从亚热带气候的出口国运往欧洲。这种消费方式代表当前的生态足迹——需要1.5个地球来满足人类对生物圈的需求。为了开展反对气候变化的全球行动,所以当地的小气候必须与全球自然系统相协调。材料的流通必须通过“cradle to cradle”的模式运行,生物和非生物系统必须统一起来。

Statistically, the banana is the most popular tropical fruit in several European countries and available in supermarkets all year round. Getting to enjoy bananas and other tropical fruits in Europe requires a high level of energy and global logistics. Harvested while still green, the fruits are shipped from exporting countries with subtropical climates to Europe. This way of consumption stands for the current ecological foot-print – requiring 1.5 Earths to meet the demands humanity makes on the biosphere. To enter in global action against climate change, (local) built environment has to access synergetic natural systems. Material flows will have to run from ‘cradle to cradle’ and biotic and non-biotic systems must be united.

绿洲8号——让欧洲的宝宝们吃到更新鲜的亚热带水果第3张图片

© SEBASTIAN REISER

绿洲8号——让欧洲的宝宝们吃到更新鲜的亚热带水果第4张图片

© SEBASTIAN REISER

协同城市主义

“协同城市主义”是应对气候变化的策略之一。该策略的灵感来自于岩石圈、水、大气和生物圈的动力和力量,协同城市化激活了当地的资源和物质流动,用以创造零排放产品、城市和生活。协同空间战略利用的是当地采伐的能源,而非提供高品质能源。

Synergetic urbanism
’Synergetic urbanism’ is an answer on the challenges of climate change. Inspired by the dynamics and forces of the lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere, synergetic urbanism activates local resource- and material flows in order to create zero-emission products, cities and life. Synergetic space strategies utilize locally harvested energy rather than supplied high-quality energy.

绿洲8号——让欧洲的宝宝们吃到更新鲜的亚热带水果第5张图片

© SIMON OBERHOFER

城市绿洲——反应原型

“城市绿洲”的概念旨在收集、积累和转化城市地区的能源,以进入协同周期。围绕城市的废热场所(如办公,工业和食品行业),不同规模的自动化和社会设施试图研究开发食品生产或其他任何需求的解决方案。装置绿洲8号,可以看作是使用当地可用能源在城市居民点生产食物的原型概念。

Urban oasis – Reacting prototypes
The concept of “urban oasis” intents to harvest, accumulate and transform energy streams and potentials in the urban field into synergetic cycles. Focusing on waste-heat places in the city (such as the office-, industry- and food sector), automated + social installations in different scales try to develop solutions for food production or any other needs. The installation Oasis No. 8 (2015/16) can be seen as a prototype for using local available energy sources for the production of food in urban settlements.

绿洲8号——让欧洲的宝宝们吃到更新鲜的亚热带水果第6张图片

© MARKUS JESCHAUNIG


© MARKUS JESCHAUNIG

该项目在“公共艺术空间”框架内实现,是奥地利文化部“Margarethe Schütte-Lihotzky研究基金会”的部分研究内容。

摄影:SIMON OBERHOFER

The project was realized within the framework of Art in Public Pace Styria and is part of the research within "Margarethe Schütte-Lihotzky research scholarship" by Austrian ministry of culture.
PHOTO BY SIMON OBERHOFER
   
绿洲8号——让欧洲的宝宝们吃到更新鲜的亚热带水果第7张图片

© MARKUS JESCHAUNIG

绿洲8号——让欧洲的宝宝们吃到更新鲜的亚热带水果第8张图片

© MARKUS JESCHAUNIG

绿洲8号——让欧洲的宝宝们吃到更新鲜的亚热带水果第9张图片

© MARKUS JESCHAUNIG

地点:奥地利,格拉茨
设计师:Markus Jeschaunig
年份:2016年

Location: Austria - Graz
Designer: Markus Jeschaunig
Project Year: 2016


出处:本文译自divisare.com/,转载请注明出处。

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