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划重点,7位大师对建筑小白们的金玉良言第1张图片


七位建筑师对年轻专业人士及学生的建议
7 Established Architects' Advice For Young Professionals and Students

由专筑网李韧,韩平编译

除了最乐观的建筑师,几乎每个新入行的建筑小白们都会遇到一些关于建筑行业的疑虑和不安。在这些时刻,那些大师们的智慧也许可以激发我们面对建筑和城市生活挑战所需的勇气。

看看这些大师建议,它们分别来自亚历杭德罗
阿拉维那、西扎、西萨•佩里、弗朗西斯•凯雷、珍妮•甘、诺曼•福斯特、保罗•门德斯•达•洛查,希望为你带来醍醐灌顶般的清醒。

In all but the most optimistic architect's career, there will be moments you come across doubts and insecurities about our profession. It is in these moments where the wisdom of the greats who have come before us can help provoke the inspiration needed to face the challenges proposed by architecture and urbanism.
Needing an architectural pick-me-up? Check out some advice from Alejandro Aravena, álvaro Siza, César Pelli, Francis Kére, Jeanne Gang, Norman Foster and Paulo Mendes da Rocha after the break.


“寻找你所坚信的东西。”——诺曼•福斯特

"Find something you believe in." - Norman Foster [+]

划重点,7位大师对建筑小白们的金玉良言第2张图片

旧港展厅|Vieux Port Pavilion / Foster + Partners. Image © Edmund Sumner


“美是功能的顶峰!如果某事物是美丽的,那么它就具有功能性。我不区分美和功能。对美丽的追求是每位建筑师的毕生所求……我对美好的事务很感兴趣,也许有人说我是一个唯美主义者,但事实并非如此,对美的追求应该是任何建筑师的首要任务。”——西扎

"Beauty is the peak of functionality! If something is beautiful, it is functional. I don’t separate beauty and functionality. Beauty is the key functionality for architects… I wonder how I could say that beauty was not of interest to me... Perhaps someone provoked me by saying that I am an aestheticist. I am not that. But a search for beauty should be the number one preoccupation of any architect." - álvaro Siza [+]

划重点,7位大师对建筑小白们的金玉良言第3张图片

波尔图Leça da Palmeira渔村的Piscina das Marés泳池|As Piscinas de Marés de Leça da Palmeira / álvaro Siza Vieira. Image© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG


“建筑的挑战是从问题的特殊性转向问题的模糊性。”——亚历杭德罗阿拉维那

"The challenge with architecture is to move from the specificity of the problem to the ambiguity of the question." - Alejandro Aravena [+]

划重点,7位大师对建筑小白们的金玉良言第4张图片

二百周年纪念儿童公园|Parque Bicentenário Infantil / ELEMENTAL. Image© Cristobal Palma


“对我来说,建筑是改变人们之间联系的方式。那是建筑中最令人兴奋的部分。我认为建筑是一个系统,你如何建立各种联系让人们相互沟通?人们相互交流的机会是什么?建筑如何激发新的联系?也许能够通过空间或材料、各种科学技术等等,我从每个元素中都能寻找到最有用的东西。”——珍妮•甘

"For me, architecture is about changing the way people are interconnected. That’s the most exciting part of architecture. I think of architecture as a system; how you set up various opportunities for people to relate to one another, and to be empowered. What are the opportunities for people to interact? How can buildings spark new relationships? This could be through spaces or materials, both old and new, low or high technologies, I pull from everything to find what works best." - Jeanne Gang [+]

划重点,7位大师对建筑小白们的金玉良言第5张图片

克拉克公园的WMS“船屋”|WMS Boathouse in Clark Park. Image © Victor Delaqua


“我们必须建造无障碍的空间。”——弗朗西斯•凯雷

"We must build spaces that do not create barriers." - Francis Kéré [+]

划重点,7位大师对建筑小白们的金玉良言第6张图片

Gando小学|School in Gando / Kéré Architecture. Image© Siméon Duchoud


“建筑师必须成为社会的一部分,但我们是局外人。”——西萨•佩里

"Architects have to be part of society, but we are outsiders." - César Pelli [+]

划重点,7位大师对建筑小白们的金玉良言第7张图片

大阪国立美术馆|Osaka National Art Museum / César Pelli . Image © Wikipedia user 663highland licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0


“我曾经在设计工作室任教,我不想过多地影响学生,因为他们都是专业的建筑师。当然,他们认为他们无所不知,但事实是没有人知道任何事情。但是一个好老师必须表现得满腹经纶,不仅仅是专业知识,信心也非常重要。每一个问题都需要思考,而不是现成的解决方案。你要去了解你所不擅长的知识,这几乎是迫在眉睫的事。你必须主动去了解事务——这才是关键。”——保罗•门德斯•达•洛查

"I used to teach the final year of the design studio. I would not try to influence the students too much because they were almost professional architects themselves. Of course, they think they know everything, but the reality is that no one knows anything. But a good teacher has to act like he knows. Confidence is very important, not only knowledge. Every problem requires thinking, not readymade solutions. You know that you don’t know, but there is an urgency to do something. You have to discover the knowledge – that’s the whole point." - Paulo Mendes da Rocha [+]

划重点,7位大师对建筑小白们的金玉良言第8张图片

巴西国家雕塑博物馆|MuBE / Paulo Mendes da Rocha. Image© FLAGRANTE


出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。

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