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“麻雀虽小五脏俱全”的别墅第1张图片

立陶宛Smelynes别墅
Smelynes House / Kubinis metras

由专筑网蒋晖,王帅编译

来自建筑事务所的描述。Smelynes别墅位于立陶宛维尔纽斯(Vilnius)的北部,临近原有的夏日度假村,因此该别墅的氛围与其一脉相承。本次项目的设计内容为,在有限的用地范围内,为一对爱好极简主义哲学的夫妻设计一座住宅。这个任务激发了建筑师对该项目的探索。用地范围的局限性表现在用地的面积大小及周边环境上。地块三面环屋,一面环路,这对于如何创造出优质的室外环境提出了很大的挑战。为了不限制建筑环境的空间感、视觉感以及与城市的交融感,我们决定不设计围墙。

Text description provided by the architects. Smelynes House is located in the northern part of Vilnius, Lithuania, in a former neighborhood of summer houses, the spirit of which still lingers in its surroundings. The task was to design a house in a very limited plot of land for a young family fond of minimalism philosophy, which also inspired the architecture of the building. The limitations of a plot including its size and surroundings – neighboring houses on three boundaries of the plot as well as a road – evoked a challenge of creating a quality outdoor space. A conscious decision was made not to build a fence in order to not limit the space physically, visually or socially.

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在这块狭小的土地上,建筑师设计了一座白色的、极简主义的住宅。这座住宅一个设计亮点就是几乎围绕其一周的木质露台。该露台由三部分组成,分别是主露台、车棚和连通车棚、入口及主露台的廊道。因此,露台作为私人空间和公共空间的过渡空间,代替了有形的空间划分。此外,建筑师考虑到院子空间的局限性,为业主在屋顶露台及屋顶的楼梯部分设置了可供日常活动的场所。

In a tight plot a small, white, minimalist house was designed, the only architectural twist here being the covered timber terrace going almost all the way around the house. It is formed in three parts – the main terrace, the car shed and a sheltered walkway from the car shed, to the entrance, to the main terrace. The terrace, therefore, acts as a transitional space between the private and the public as an alternative to a physical fence. In addition, having in mind a limited space left for the yard, a staircase to the roof and a roof terrace are designed to create some everyday magic for the residents.

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建筑在有限的空间内,满足了一家四口的基本生活要求。因此,建筑被划分为两个主要空间:起居空间和休息空间。休息空间由3间小卧室、一间浴室、一个杂物间和一个小厅组成。这些空间仅满足客户的基本需求。与之相反,起居空间占据了整个建筑将近一半的空间,成为建筑的中心。起居空间囊括了业主做饭、吃饭、娱乐、休闲和工作的全部功能。起居空间的高度比建筑内的其他空间都要高,同时它还朝向日照较好的西面,让室内得到充分的采光。这样的设计为建筑内部带来了良好的视野和较大的空间。让这个四口之家在个舒适的空间里得到彻底的放松,充分享受夏日的时光。

The size of the house is minimized to the basic needs of a four-member family as well. Therefore it is zoned into two main parts: the sleeping and the living. The sleeping part consists of three small bedrooms, a bathroom, a utility room and a small hall. The spaces merely serve their purpose. The living space, on the contrary, is the focal point and takes nearly half of the house comprising the functions of cooking and eating, spending free time, playing and working. The space is higher than the rest of the house and opens up to a west sun facing terrace. In this way it is extended visually as well as physically during the summer when the family spends most of their time with the window wall open – the boundary between inside and outside literally erased.

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建筑设计:Kubinis metras
项目位置:立陶宛,维尔纽斯(立陶宛共和国首都)
主创设计师:Margarita Kaučikaitė
建筑面积:80㎡
项目年份:2017年
摄影:Norbert Tukaj
建造商:CAPAROL, Ceresit, Brolis Timber, Jures Medis, Technonicol

Architects: Kubinis metras
Location: Vilnius,Lithuania
Lead Architect: Margarita Kaučikaitė
Area: 80㎡
Project Year: 2017年
Photographs: Norbert Tukaj
Manufactures: CAPAROL, Ceresit, Brolis Timber, Jures Medis, Technonicol


出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。

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