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《摩天营救》正在热映,小编顺道带你领略其它类似建筑!第1张图片


七座超大型摩天大楼
Seven megatall skyscrapers reaching new heights

由专筑网王帅,李韧编译

电影《摩天营救》最近上映,这部电影围绕香港一座虚构的摩天大厦展开。小编为大家汇总了多座高达600米(1,969英尺)的大楼,它们有的已经完工,有的在建中,而有的还只是概念方案。

Following the release of the movie Skyscraper, which centres around a fictional megatall tower in Hong Kong, we've pulled together more examples of buildings that reach over 600 metres (1,969 feet) in height that are either completed, under construction or conceptual.

《摩天营救》正在热映,小编顺道带你领略其它类似建筑!第2张图片


迪拜阿拉伯联合酋长国,SOM建筑事务所,哈利法塔

高达828米(2,716.5英尺)的哈利法塔目前是世界上最高的建筑,共160层,位于阿联酋,这座城市已经成为摩天大楼的代名词。它由建筑师 Adrian Smith在美国Skidmore Owings & Merril(SOM)建筑事务所就职期间设计,周边三座体量随着大厦的升高而逐渐缩小。

该大楼于2010年完工,包含有住宅、办公室和酒店。使用者在第124层的观景台可以俯瞰迪拜和周围的海洋和沙漠。

Burj Khalifa by SOM, Dubai, UAE
Currently the world's tallest building, the Burj Khalifa stands at 828 metres (2,716.5 feet) and 160 storeys tall in the Emirati city that has become synonymous with skyscraper development. It was designed by architect Adrian Smith while working at US firm Skidmore Owings & Merril (SOM), and has a three-armed plan that diminishes in steps as the tower rises.
The building completed in 2010, and accommodates residences, offices and a hotel. An observation deck on the 124th floor offers views over Dubai, and the surrounding sea and desert.

《摩天营救》正在热映,小编顺道带你领略其它类似建筑!第3张图片


沙特阿拉伯吉达,Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill建筑事务所,吉达塔

吉达塔以前被称为王国塔,预计不久它将超越哈利法塔,它同样由Smith设计,其形状类似于尖峰,其高度将至少超过1,000米(3,281英尺),成为世界上第一座超过一公里高度的建筑。

建筑功能包括酒店、服务公寓、办公空间、豪华公寓和世界上最高的天文台。它从2013年开始建设,但该项目后来被推迟。不过现在又在紧张地建设之中,将于2020年完工。

Jeddah Tower by Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
The Jeddah Tower, previously known as the Kingdom Tower, is soon expected to take the Burj Khalifa's title. Also designed by Smith, its form resembles a spike that will soar to at least 1,000 metres (3,281 feet) high – becoming the first structure in the world to surpass the one-kilometre height mark.
It will contain a Four Seasons hotel, serviced apartments, office space, luxury condominiums and the world's highest observatory. Construction began in 2013, but the project ran into delays. It is now underway again, with completion due in 2020.

《摩天营救》正在热映,小编顺道带你领略其它类似建筑!第4张图片


中国上海,Gensler,上海塔

在调查时,这座高达632米的上海塔仍然是世界第二高楼。它位于中国城市金融区,121层的竖向空间分为9个垂直区域,其中有地面商店、中心办公室、顶层酒店、文化设施和观景台。

Gensler公司利用风洞试验设计了建筑的外形,在强风条件下,能够减少24%的风力荷载。这座摩天大楼于2016年正式落成,同年被授予首届美国建筑奖(American Architecture Prize)。

Shanghai Tower by Gensler, Shanghai, China
The world's second-tallest building at the time of writing is the twisting Shanghai Tower, rising 632 metres in the Chinese city's financial district. Its 121 storeys are divided into nine vertical zones that include shops at the base, offices in the centre, and hotels, cultural facilities and observation decks at the top.
Global firm Gensler designed the tower's shape using wind-tunnel tests, so that wind loads during powerful typhoons are reduced by 24 per cent. The skyscraper officially completed in 2016, and was awarded the top honour of the inaugural American Architecture Prize the same year.

《摩天营救》正在热映,小编顺道带你领略其它类似建筑!第5张图片


沙特阿拉伯麦加,SL Rasch and Dar Al-Handasah建筑事务所,麦加皇家钟塔酒店

麦加皇家钟塔酒店(Abraj Al-Bait Clock Tower )仅比全球第二高的上海塔低31米,它俯瞰着世界上最大的清真寺和伊斯兰教的神圣遗址。

这座601米高的建筑共120层,是前往麦加参加一年一度朝圣活动的穆斯林朝圣者的住所,同时,它还拥有世界上最大的钟面。

摄影:King Eliot

Abraj Al-Bait Clock Tower by SL Rasch and Dar Al-Handasah Architects, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Pipped to the second-tallest spot by the Shanghai Tower by just 31 metres, the Abraj Al-Bait Clock Tower overlooks the world's largest mosque and Islam's most sacred site.
The 601-metre-tall building has 120 floors, which house residences and hotel rooms for muslim pilgrims visiting Mecca for the annual Hajj. It also boasts the world's largest clock face.
Photograph by King Eliot via Wikicommons.

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中国深圳,世茂深港国际中心

有关世茂深港国际中心的详细资料寥寥无几,甚至都不知谁是设计师。但据报道,这座摩天大楼是中国世茂集团的开发项目,现已破土动工。

这座668米高的塔楼一旦完工,将赶超上海塔,项目位于深圳龙港区,占地面积322000平方米,建筑有着波纹状的玻璃幕墙。

Shimao Shenzhen-Hong Kong International Centre, Shenzhen, China
Details are sparse about the Shimao Shenzhen-Hong Kong International Centre, including who its architect is, but the skyscraper has reportedly broken ground as part of a complex developed by China's Shiamo Group.
Renderings of the 668-metre-high tower, which would overtake the Shanghai Tower once complete, show rippled glass facades and several other smaller structures covering the 322,000-square-metre site in Shenzhen's Longgang district.

《摩天营救》正在热映,小编顺道带你领略其它类似建筑!第7张图片


中国武汉,Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill建筑师事务所,武汉绿地中心

武汉绿地中心最初预计于2016年建成,高606米(1,988英尺),坐落于长江和汉江交汇处,但现在项目被推迟,计划于2019年完工。

这是Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill建筑事务所设计的另一座巨型建筑,其形态呈现为银色子弹形,建筑面积为300,000平方米(320万平方英尺),并且集合有多种功能。

Wuhan Greenland Center by Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture, Wuhan, China
The Wuhan Greenland Center was initially expected to complete in 2016 and reach 606 metres (1,988 feet) tall, but the half-built skyscraper beside the Yangtze and Han river confluence has faced delays, and is now set for completion in 2019.
Another megatall from Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture, the silvery bullet-shaped building was designed to be mixed use and include 300,000 square metres (3.2 million square feet) of floor area.

《摩天营救》正在热映,小编顺道带你领略其它类似建筑!第8张图片


香港,珍珠塔

这座虚构的大厦是今年夏天大片《摩天营救》的背景,它高达1066米(3497英尺),240层楼高的建筑专门为配合情节而设计,其中也包括火灾情节。

在电影前期制作过程中,Adrian Smith是珍珠大厦的咨询建筑师。但是制作设计师Jim Bissell和他的团队基于当地实际状况,最终把建筑塑造成龙的形状。大厦外形像双螺旋风力涡轮机,30层的中庭是电影中的主场景。

The Pearl, Hong Kong
The fictional tower that provides the setting for this summer's blockbuster movie Skyscraper is a 1,066-metre (3,497-foot), 240-storey structure created specifically to fit the plot, which involves it catching on fire.
Adrian Smith, who features several times in this list, was consulted during the movie's early development in order to make The Pearl as realistic as possible. But production designer Jim Bissell and his team were the ones that shaped the building like a dragon – based on a local myth – and gave it features that include double-helix wind turbines, and a 30-storey atrium where most of the movie's action takes place.

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