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由专筑网雷君,刘庆新编译

漂浮广场

这是关于保加利亚首都索非亚sveta nedelya广场重建的设计大赛。参赛作品为交通运输和通信问题,基本层次的功能空间排布,考古遗产的公开和社会化,建筑与空间的发展,景观建筑和广场及其相关领域的纪念性处理提供了解决方案。

PROJECT DESCRIPTION
FLOATING PLAZA
The competition brief called for the redesign of Sveta Nedelya Square located in Sofia, Bulgaria. The competition entries were to provide a solution for transportation and communication issues, functional-spatial solution of the basic level, exposure and socialization of the archaeological heritage, architectural and spatial development, landscape architecture of the environment and monumental handling of the square and its related areas.

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概念描述

该项目的主要策略是在索非亚广场。为了实现这一目标,我们提出创建一个平面,将它从sveta nedelya教堂北边和维托莎大道上的车流中剥离出来,该平面蕴含着古代塞迪卡的历史作用。有些广场的几何线条配置从角度方面进行对罗马 Cardus 、Decumanus、 Forum的介绍。此外,我们建议延长现有的地下水位,并连接到地铁系统。

方案上提出了三个层次:悬浮广场,街道和考古水平。

CONCEPT DESCRIPTION
The main strategy for the project is to provide a clearly defined plaza for congregation in the heart of Sofia. To achieve this, we propose a plane which “peels” away from the north side of Sveta Nedelya Church and floats over Boulevard Vitosha. This ‘plane’ alludes to the historical use of that area of ancient Serdika. Some of the geometrical lines of the plaza disposition are carried over from the angle introduced by the Roman Cardus and Decumanus and the Forum. Furthermore, we are proposing an extension of the existing underground level considering that new ruins will be uncovered and to provide a connection to the subway system.
Three levels are present in the proposal; the floating plaza, street level, and archaeological level.

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悬浮广场

漂浮广场基本上是地面平面的两倍。目的是创建有明确定义的聚集区,各层次之间有一系列的重叠;这一想法是从爱德华多奇利达的Gravitacion系列产生的。人们可以看到平面的层次,重叠,这可能会被采用作为考古资料或地质构造资料。我们主张的最具象征意义的是,所有的干预都将作为一个更大时间框架的一部分。此外,平面被分割成2个区域。大部分区域是更正式的广场,以及一个人工山。还有一小部分直接延伸到Sveta Nedelya 教堂。这是一个纯几何造型的教堂,可用于露天布道以及婚礼的举行等。倾斜的角度是基于汽车流量而定的,如图所示。也建立Nezavisimost广场的边缘地带,定义了议会大厅和索菲亚斯维塔雕像之间的轴线。

FLOATING PLAZA
By introducing the floating plaza, it essentially doubles the ground plane. The intention is to have clearly defined congregation area but with a variety of overlaps between the levels; the idea being generated from Eduardo Chillida ‘Gravitacion’ series. One can see flat planes engaging in several overlaps and providing a series of layers which could in turn be read as archaeological, or perhaps even geological formations. The most symbolic aspect of our proposition is that all human interventions are a part of a larger time-frame. Furthermore, the floating plane is split into two areas. The larger portion acts as a more formal plaza, as well as an artificial hill. The grassy area alludes to natural formations before the foundation of Serdika. The smaller portion of the plaza is conceived as a direct extension of the Sveta Nedelya Church. Geometrically it is a pure square and it could be used for open-air sermons as well as for weddings or other such services. The angles of the incline are determined based on clearances required for automotive traffic below. In addition, the incline provides an edge for Nezavisimost Square and it defines the existing axis between the Parliament and the Sveta Sofia Statue.

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街道--公共空间网络

广场下面的人行道是作为上、下层之间的过渡。喜来登/巴尔干酒店边缘被重新设计成人行道和广场之上人行道之间的一个中间地带。酒店车辆需迁往米巴亚历山德罗夫街停车。通往西方神学学院的一座新建筑重新定义了公共广场的南部边缘。行人需要通过地下考古通道进行视觉联想。Sveta Nedelya 教堂南已经大幅开放新出土遗址以供观赏。一座大桥(也可作为聚会空间)提供了一个直接连接到神学院和索菲亚主教的通道。

STREET LEVEL - Public space network
Underneath the Floating Plaza, the sidewalk serves as the transition between the layers above and below. The edge at the Sheraton/Balkan Hotel is redesigned to become a middle ground between the sidewalk proper and the plaza above. The hotel vehicular drop off is relocated to Todor Alexandrov Street. A new building, to the West of the Theological Faculty, is proposed to define the southern edge of the public square. From this level pedestrians have visual connections to the underground archeological passageways. To the south of the Sveta Nedelya Church, a substantial opening provides access to newly excavated ruins. A large bridge (which could also serve as a gathering space) provides a direct connection to the Theological Faculty and the Sofia Bishopric.

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考古层次

考古层次包含了从现有地下层面的两个主要延伸。东部的拓展起源于罗马卡达斯。这条走廊通往漂浮广场,向南延伸到神学院。其他连接现有的地铁入口和维托沙大道西侧。走廊两旁的小规模零售店以及信息站体现了塞迪卡的历史层次。我们认为从Banya Bashi 清真寺和公共矿泉浴室南侧到伊凡瓦佐夫剧院,以及西方妇女巴扎和西罗马门之间创建地下街行人步道系统,形成不间断的循环网络。该地区包含一个庞大的交通网络。我们认为在 Vistosha广场要重新配置车载模式是一个不可行的解决方案。我们建议保留现有的有轨电车。除了加强现有的到地铁站的连接,我们也倡导考古遗址到罗马南部的延伸。地下停车场可看到Saborna街和索菲亚斯维塔街。因为选址的复杂性,我们也研究了其他具有同样复杂背景问题的公共空间,如纽约时代广场,威尼斯圣马可,坎波广场,弗莱堡。我们把这几个公共空间放在同一维度上思考,新提出的漂浮广场的设计将在索菲亚中心得到当代的认同。

ARCHAEOLOGICAL LEVEL
The archaeological level consists of two main extensions from the existing subterranean level. The east extension begins at Sveta Petka Samarjiyska and its angle is derived from the Roman Cardus/Decumanus grid. This corridor leads past the floating plaza and extends south to the Theological Faculty. The other extension connects the existing subway entry and the west side of Vitosha Boulevard. The corridors are lined with small scale retail as well as information stations regarding Serdika and its subsequent historical layers. We have considered that a pedestrian network of the underground and street levels can establish an uninterrupted loop from the Banya Bashi Mosque and the Public Mineral Baths South to the Ivan Vazov Theater as well West to the Women’s Bazar and to the West Roman Gate. We have identified that the area contains a vast transportation network. The initial decision to lift the plaza above Boulevard Vistosha came in part because we felt that reconfiguring the vehicular pattern would not be a viable (nor successful) solution. We are proposing to keep the existing tram. In addition to strengthen the existing connection to the subway we are proposing the extension of the archeological level revealing ruins to the south of the Roman Forum. Underground parking has been provided which can be accessed from Saborna Street and Sveta Sofia Street (this structure will be ‘sandwiched between the newly uncovered archeological ruins and the new North-South subway line. Because of the complexity of such a site, we have also studied other public spaces which have similarly complex contextual issues, such as Times Square in New York, St Marco in Venice, Piazza del Campo in Sienna, or Freiburg. We have drawn several such public spaces at the same scale and as you can see this newly proposed floating square is meant to become a contemporary identity for the center of Sofia.

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客户/业主:竞赛
项目状态:概念提案
类型:商业、社区、文化、娱乐、政府、基础设施、规划、宗教、零售、交通运输
经营范围:新建、保护/修复

Client/Owner: Competition
Project Status: Concept Proposal
Type: Commercial, Community, Cultural, Entertainment, Government, Infrastructure, Planning, Religious, Retail, Transportation
Scope: New Construction, Preservation/Restoration


出处:本文译自www.architectmagazine.com/,转载请注明出处。


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ZFXarchitect
虽然低头 但略显复杂
JANET-011
漂浮广场城市空间的创意//@建筑史教师万谦: 转发微博
JANET-011
漂浮广场城市空间的创意//@建筑史教师万谦: 转发微博
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