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教程:冬季雪景风格效果图制作第1张图片


独特的冬景制作#6
Winter Special #6

由专筑网李韧,曹逸希编译

虽然我已经开始了一个新的沙漠住宅项目设计,但我仍然想运用费城大桥项目来演示冬季雪景风格的效果图。这是我几个月前就想要制作的图像,只是一直没有时间。幸运的是,桥下的道路能够很好地表达今年冬天的初雪场景。这个效果图从最原始V-Ray渲染图到最终成图之间有着诸多步骤。以下是对这个图像的快速讲解。

Even though I have started the new desert house project, I jumped back to the Philly Bridge project to generate this year’s winter special. This was a view that I had planned on illustrating months ago but ran out of time. Luckily, it works perfectly for creating a winter narrative of the first snow of the year with sledders racing to the top of the bridge. This image took a drastic leap from the original V-Ray rendering to the final completed scene with lots of Photoshopped textures throughout. Below is a quick break down of how the image evolved.


1、SU模型/ V-Ray渲染|Sketchup Model / V-Ray Rendering

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以上是SU模型

Above, the Sketchup Model

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以上是V-Ray渲染图。我并没有对SU模型进行过多的细部处理,并且大多数肌理都来自于其他图像素材。我唯一调整的只是阳光投影的边缘柔和度和人行步道的反射程度。

Above, the V-Ray base rendering. The sketchup model was minimal in detail most of the textures were reused from other views. The only thing I adjusted was the amount of reflection in the sidewalks and the softness of the sun shadow.


2、肌理|Context

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接下来,我通过PS为效果图内建筑街景立面添加了一些背景贴图,在这个步骤上我并没有花费太多时间,因为后期它将被雪景覆盖。

Next, I inserted the context by Photoshopping in facades that I cut out of online street view maps. I didn’t spend too much time here because I knew it would get washed out quite a bit by the snow.


3、植物|Vegetation

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在广场上添加一些冬季植物,并在楼梯两侧的墙体上也添加绿色植物。

Winter trees were added in the plaza along with shrubs and plantings up the stair wall.


4、通道顶部|Bridge Ceiling

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在这里我想着重于桥体的表达,因此我调亮了其饱和度,并且添加了一些LED照明设备。我不想桥体底部因过于黑暗而失去吸引力。然后我也为LED照明设备增加了一些动感元素。

I wanted to do something to draw attention to the bridge, so I dropped in some LED lights and amped up the saturation of the panels. I didn’t want the underside of the bridge to read too dark and uninviting. The LED’s also add some much needed movement to the image.


5、地面的潮湿度|Wet Ground

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这是表现初雪的一个重要特征。地面需要看起来有一定的湿润度和淤泥,因此我在街道上添加了一些肌理。这一步骤其实应当多花一些时间,在此我不做过多赘述。

This was an important part to the narrative of the “first snow”. The ground needed to look wet and slushy so I found several textures that I stitched and overlaid onto the street and sidewalk. I should have spent more time on this step but had to keep moving on.


6、照明与雪景|Lights and Snow

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然后我在绿色植物上添加了一堆积雪。同样的,这一步骤也应当仔细推敲。然后我还在树上放置了一些彩灯,以增添节日的氛围。

Next I needed to show a dusting of snow starting to accumulate on the vegetation. Again, I would have preferred to spend a little more time on this step but had to keep the image moving forward. I also dropped in some lights on the trees for a holiday atmosphere.


7、汽车|Car Details

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为了激活街道空间,我放置了一些车辆及其在地面上的反射投影,这让街道看上去更有活力。而车轮后方设置的一些雾气更能表达地面的湿润程度。

The street needed to be activated so I added tail lights and reflections on the ground. Mist from the wheels was also added to again play up the wet ground look.


8、人物|People

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这张效果图的一大重点是其地面表达,初雪让这里变成了天然的滑冰场地。因此我放置了一些溜冰孩童在大楼梯及其周围,同时也让人们的目光集中在桥体顶部。广场上人物数量的增多也让整个空间都充满了活力。

A big part of the narrative of this image was the bridge turning into the perfect sledding site on top. Therefore, I inserted some sledders on and around the grand stair moving the viewers eye up to the top of the bridge. More people were added around the plaza to give the sense that the entire space was being utilized.


9、色彩调整|Color Adjust

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在我添加雪花材质之前,我调整了图面的色调,增加了一些蓝色与紫色。同时还在桥体和人行道上添加了一些贴图肌理。

Before I inserted the snow, I tweaked the tones of the images to cool things down with more blues and purples. I also drew out some more textures in the underbelly of the bridge and sidewalk.


10、雪花|Snow

教程:冬季雪景风格效果图制作第12张图片


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雪花最后再加入,覆盖在部分背景之上,将桥体投影与其他物体之间形成对比。你可以在我曾经发布过的教程中找出雪花的添加步骤。

Finally, the snow was added washing out some of the background and creating more contrast between the shadow of the bridge and everything else. You can find a tutorial on adding snow HERE.


独特的冬景制作#5|Winter Special #5

教程:冬季雪景风格效果图制作第15张图片



独特的冬景制作#4|Winter Special #4

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独特的冬景制作#3|Winter Special #3

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独特的冬景制作#2|Winter Special #2

教程:冬季雪景风格效果图制作第18张图片



独特的冬景制作#1|Winter Special #1


教程:冬季雪景风格效果图制作第19张图片



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