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建筑材料对一个项目有多重要?看看这篇文章第1张图片

建筑师与建筑材料产品之间的关系
The Relationship Between Architects and Building Materials and Products

由专筑网李韧,王帅编译

对于建筑师来说,在项目的最后施工阶段才开始考虑材质,是一件很可怕的事,因为这会影响到建筑的装配方式以及最后的视觉效果。因此,在设计与施工过程中,建筑师的参与度愈来愈大,因为这个步骤在社会竞争中具有很大的作用。因此建筑材料制造商也应当与建筑师进行积极的互动,尽早确定所使用的材料,最终,材料的供给商对于项目的成败也具有重要的作用。

在项目的最初设计阶段,建筑师必须充分了解市面上大部分的可利用材料与产品,然后根据这些信息构思方案,因为方案的概念设计阶段与后期的实际施工密切相关。

在设计过程中,建筑师通过其他类似项目进行灵感的收集,例如来自ArchDaily的实际项目,通过这个过程,建筑师们会了解到相关项目的相关数据信息,比如巴西建筑师Marcio Kogan木制小屋的材料供应商,亦或是Attilio Panzeri作品中具有魔幻色彩的深色混凝土。更重要的是,通过这些项目,建筑师们了解的不仅仅只是一个立面或是平面布局,更是其中具体的技术信息。因此,当前的许多建筑事务所都会将它们建筑项目的细部构件展示出来,这毕竟是建筑不可分割的一部分,另外,它们也能很好地宣传某个具体项目,或者也可以和诸如ArchDaily等平台中的项目建筑师进行沟通,这也是获取灵感的好方法。

一旦项目的初始设计阶段完成,建筑师就需要开始考虑材料的供应品牌,因为材料的表达会让建筑更加生动。为了达到预期的效果,一般建筑师都会选择行业内认可程度高的产品,但这也取决于客户的项目预算,因此,选择产品的关键在于它是否能在有限的资金中发挥出高额的价值,另外,其安装方式与速度也与选材息息相关。

曾经的一些项目出现过由于材料的使用方式不当,从而导致项目的施工费用上涨,或者是材料的浪费,并且让最终的项目延期。但是在理想的状况下,施工团队并不需要花费太多的时间来研究某种材料的使用方式。因此建筑师都更喜欢那些易于使用的建筑材料。

另外,建筑师也很容易采纳公司技术专员的建议,因为他们对材料有一定的把控能力,并且了解其施工过程。关于建筑材料的技术信息和其使用前后的维护需求,设计者在项目期间都必须有一定的了解。例如,设计者要知道某种涂料适用于几种不同的建筑规格,那么这就可以在建筑的立面上进行创新设计,或者构思出有着特殊韵律感的平面肌理。

最后,如果建筑师、设计团队、客户都很满意某种材料,他们也就很自然地成为了产品的活广告,在后期的宣传与分享中,某种材料会为更多人所知。另外,在建筑领域,经验至关重要。因此,好的建议比品牌的广告更具有宣传效果。

For the architect, there is perhaps no greater frustration than realizing--at the end of the construction process--that the quality of the materials selected to complete the project, or the way in which said materials were installed, compromise the overall vision of the finished architecture. So it makes sense that architects are becoming more actively involved in the construction process; they understand that it can make a difference regarding their competition. Building materials manufacturers should really take advantage of the detailed-driven architect’s involvement in order to generate a productive relationship that begins way before construction starts. Manufacturers have a great role to play in the creative process.
In the initial design phase it’s crucial that the architect be aware of the variety of products and materials available on the market; with this information architects can suggest constructive solutions that are in close harmony with their conceptual and formal proposals.
During the design process, architects seek inspiration by collecting images of other works, to serve as references for future projects. Many will be inspired by proposals and built projects published on ArchDaily, and they will want to know important data: such as the material supplier of the wooden lattices that characterize the houses of the Brazilian architect Marcio Kogan, or how Attilio Panzeri managed to obtain the black concrete that delivers drama to his works. It’s important to understand that the images architects bookmark and save are not only formal references, but they also help by providing certain technical information. Therefore, companies in the construction industry must show their products in context, as part of a finished work of architecture. This will become the best way to disseminate your products: by associating them with the commendable architecture published on specialized sites like ArchDaily. This is how you reach an architect who is looking for inspiration.  
Once the initial design stage has passed, the architect begins the journey of choosing the brands that will make her work come to life. In order to obtain a result that meets the expected quality, architects would naturally choose the products with the highest standards and recognition. However, budgets are usually (ok, almost always) limited and depend on the client, not the architect. Given this, the key to choosing the product will lie in its profitability—and this doesn’t necessarily have to do with price, but with the fact that installation is as fast and simple as possible.
There have been times in which project costs unexpectedly balloon due to the incorrect installation of a product, leading to the complete loss of material, delays in delivery time and the corresponding expenses that all of this implies. Ideally, the team of builders should not have to spend too much time being trained in the installation of the materials. For this, something that architects value a lot is having videos that allow contractors and construction works to easily understand the installation process.
In addition, the architect will totally appreciate any and all advice that the technical specifiers of the company—the main connoisseurs of the products—can offer during the design and construction process. Technical information about the product and its behavior post-installation, allow designers to enhance its use and achieve the expected constructive solution. For example, knowing that a coating product is available in two different formats will allow you to innovate in the surface solution, and perhaps lead to proposing a design that takes advantage of different rhythms that aid in composing greater varieties of textures.
Finally, if the result pleases the architect, their team, and the client, they will automatically and naturally become spokespersons for the product. Their experience and reviews they share can be essential to a brand’s publicity. It’s important to know that in the field of architecture, experience plays a fundamental role. Therefore, recommendations deliver greater effect than the message that the brand itself seeks to convey.

        
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