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那些不会被时间埋没的经典家具设计,放到今天依然前卫!第1张图片


10款丹麦档案馆的复兴设计
10 brands reviving designs from the Danish archives

由专筑网王帅,吴静雅编译

前段时间,哥本哈根的展厅进行了“3天设计”(3 Days of Design)展览,许多品牌宣布从丹麦设计档案馆重新发行新产品。Rose Etherington挑选了10件中世纪最好的作品,并开始重新生产。

“3天设计”展览是丹麦一年一度的设计展,今年的活动时间为2018年5月24日至26日(星期四),将近100家参展商参展,让游客在展厅,画廊,住宅,工作室和大使馆欣赏丹麦的设计。

人们对复古的作品越来越感兴趣,许多丹麦品牌都有过很多经典的设计,因此一些总部设在哥本哈根的品牌利用这次机会展示了他们的最新发行。


超前的设计

在某些情况下,一些公司发现上个世纪的设计大师是如此领先于他们所处的时代,即使通过现代技术,也不能量产他们的设计。

例如新的品牌- PH家具,该品牌今年成立,专门用于生产Poul Henningsen绘画中的家具,这些家具在他一生中从未被制作。

其他品牌正在挖掘档案,尤其是针对的人群较少的高端住宅空间。从中发现生活方式的改变,从而为以前不受欢迎的设计带来新生。

例如,Carl Hansen & Søn重新推出了Hans J Wegner的沙发和躺椅,唯一变化的是非常紧凑的尺寸。该公司的CEO Knud Erik Hansen解释说:“躺椅和沙发都体现了一种非常现代的家庭潮流,这一趋势是为了适应大型城镇的那些空间有限的紧凑型住宅。”


世纪中叶的设计适合小型住宅

同样,丹麦生产商Gubi重新推出了法国设计师Marcel Gascoin设计的C-椅子。在这位设计师的作品中,通过创造简单、实用的家具来弥补二战后建造的新房子的空间不足的问题。

这种面向大众的设计方法正在高端家具市场中占据一席之地,客户仍在寻找高质量的设计和制作方法,虽然规模很小,但是可以保证空间的实际使用感。

这一趋势在2月份的斯德哥尔摩设计周展示的十分明显。参展商包括北欧的品牌 Fjordfiesta 和 Warm Nordic,他们都专门让以往的家具在当下焕发出新的容光。

下面是我们挑选的最新设计,上周在哥本哈根展出并投入生产:

Copenhagen's showrooms threw open their doors last week for 3 Days of Design, with many brands announcing fresh reissues pulled from the Danish design archives. Rose Etherington picks 10 of the best midcentury pieces that are now back in production.
3 Days of Design is Denmark's annual design showcase. This year's event took place from Thursday 24 to Saturday 26 May 2018, with nearly 100 exhibitors welcoming visitors to discover Danish design at showrooms, galleries, residencies, studios and embassies across the city.
With the growing resurgence of interest in reviving pieces from the past and so many Danish brands boasting archives full of design classics, several of those headquartered in the city took the opportunity to show off their latest reissues.

Designers were ahead of their time
In some cases, companies are finding that the design masters of last century were so ahead of their time that only now, through modern technology, is it possible to manufacture their designs in significant numbers.
One such example is new brand PH Furniture, founded this year specifically to produce furniture pieces from Poul Henningsen's drawings, which manufacturers were never able to make during his lifetime.
Other brands are digging into the archives and discovering that changing ways of living – particularly the tide of high-end residential spaces built with ever smaller footprints – can bring new relevance to designs that had previously fallen out of favour.
Carl Hansen & Søn, for example, has revived a sofa and lounge chair by Hans J Wegner with unusually compact dimensions for the designer's work. "Both the lounge chair and sofa speak to a very contemporary home trend that celebrates the compact residential property in large towns and cities, where space is often limited," explains CEO Knud Erik Hansen.

Midcentury designs suit small homes
Similarly, one of the latest archival designs to be revived by Danish producer Gubi is the C-Chair by French designer Marcel Gascoin. His socially minded approach in much of his work was to make up for the lack of space in the new sizes of homes built after the second world war by creating simple, functional furniture.
This approach to design for the masses is now taking hold in the high-end furniture market, where customers are still looking for quality of design and manufacture, but on a diminutive scale and with practical use of space at a premium.
The trend was also visible at Stockholm Design Week back in February, where exhibitors included new Scandinavian brands Fjordfiesta and Warm Nordic, both set up specifically to bring furniture from their design heroes to a new generation.
Here's our pick of the latest crop of designs to be dusted off, put into production and presented in Copenhagen last week:

那些不会被时间埋没的经典家具设计,放到今天依然前卫!第2张图片


Hans J Wegner设计的CH71摇椅和 CH72沙发,1952年
Carl Hansen & Søn


异常紧凑的尺寸和细长的软垫框架,并且设置了实心木柄的扶手,从1970年后,当豪华的超大沙发成为时尚,这套摇椅和沙发就停产了。

CH71 Lounge Chair and CH72 Sofa by Hans J Wegner, 1952
Carl Hansen & Søn
With unusually compact dimensions and a slim upholstered frame, this lounge set features armrests that finish in solid wooden handles. Both the chair and sofa had been out of production since the 1970s, when more luxuriously oversized seating became fashionable.

那些不会被时间埋没的经典家具设计,放到今天依然前卫!第3张图片


Børge Mogensen设计的西班牙餐厅椅,1964年
Fredericia


该品牌的创始设计师在西班牙南部旅行时,从宽大的扶手中获得灵感。丹麦生产商从自己的档案中取出这个版本,单纯的修改了一下餐椅的高度来满足今天的标准。

Spanish Dining Chair by Børge Mogensen, 1964
Fredericia

The brand's founding designer originally took inspiration from the wide armrests of chairs he found while travelling in southern Spain. Pulling out this version from its own archives, the Danish producer simply raised the seat height of the dining chair to meet today's standards.

那些不会被时间埋没的经典家具设计,放到今天依然前卫!第4张图片


Poul Henningsen设计的蛇形家具,1932年
PH家具


这些家具由一条蛇形的镀铬钢管构成,它设置了木制或皮革座椅。这些家具的生产经过Henningsen家族的许可,是由他的设计图中制作出来的16件作品之一。

Snake Collection by Poul Henningsen, 1932
PH Furniture

Constructed from one snaking line of chromed steel tubing with seats in wood or leather, these are among 16 pieces of furniture reproduced from Henningsen’s blueprints and drawings by the newly formed PH Furniture, operating under license from his family's estate.

那些不会被时间埋没的经典家具设计,放到今天依然前卫!第5张图片


Angelo Mangiarotti设计的Lari灯,1978年
Karakter


丹麦品牌重新发行了多位设计师的作品,很好地点缀了分销商建立的新协作空间,其中就包括这盏由拱形山脊和圆形末端组成的透明玻璃灯,不禁让人联想到建筑设计。

Lari Lamp by Angelo Mangiarotti, 1978
Karakter

The Danish brand presented reissues from multiple designers, dotted around the new co-working space set up by distributor Better, including this lamp with a clear glass diffuser shaped by arched ridges and rounded ends reminiscent of the architect's buildings.

那些不会被时间埋没的经典家具设计,放到今天依然前卫!第6张图片


Poul Volther设计的PV躺椅,1952年
Klassik


这张躺椅在坚实的木制框架上添置了一块皮革,它是设计师的私人座椅,让设计师在漫长的一天后放松下来,一开始只生产了三个,其中有一个为丹麦国王腓特烈九世(Frederick IX)而定制。

PV Lounge Chair by Poul Volther, 1952
Klassik

This lounge chair, featuring a single piece of leather laced together over a solid wooden frame, was the designer's personal chair that he chose to relax into after a long day. Only three were made originally, with one of them going to King Frederick IX of Denmark.

那些不会被时间埋没的经典家具设计,放到今天依然前卫!第7张图片


Bodil Kjær设计的十字桌灯,1961年
Republic of Fritz Hansen


丹麦建筑师Bodil Kjaer正在享受一场复兴,目前多个品牌将她过去的作品收入他们的收藏。例如这盏底座由透明的丙烯酸面板制成的灯,它们组合的形状就像一个谜团。

Crossplex Table Lamp by Bodil Kjær, 1961
Republic of Fritz Hansen

Danish architect Bodil Kjaer is enjoying a renaissance at the moment, with multiple brands bringing her past work into their collections. One example is this lamp with a base made from clean-cut clear acrylic panels, slotted together like a puzzle under an opal acrylic shade.

那些不会被时间埋没的经典家具设计,放到今天依然前卫!第8张图片


Marcel Gascoin设计的C-餐椅,1947年
Gubi


Gubi的成功建立在选择性的再发行和精心合作相结合的基础上,这个椅子原本是为战后法国的紧凑型新家设计的,它将坚固的实木框架与较轻的藤条、稻草组合在一起。

C-Chair Dining Chair by Marcel Gascoin, 1947
Gubi

Gubi's success is built on combining selective reissues with carefully chosen new collaborations. This rediscovered chair was created for the compact new homes of postwar France, combining a sturdy solid wood frame with lighter seat in cane, straw or fabric.

那些不会被时间埋没的经典家具设计,放到今天依然前卫!第9张图片


Gino Sarfatti设计的Le Sfere灯,1959年
Astep


由Sarfatti的孙子创建的哥本哈根品牌,现在正在依据Flos的许可,发售月球灵感灯。Flos在1973年获得了所有的设计,但都没有生产出来。它使用涂漆后的铝环固定着透明的玻璃球。

Le Sfere Lighting by Gino Sarfatti, 1959
Astep

The Copenhagen brand, founded by Sarfatti's grandson, is now distributing his lunar-inspired lights under license from Flos, which acquired all of his designs in 1973 but were not producing them. It boasts opaline glass spheres held in place by painted aluminium rings.

那些不会被时间埋没的经典家具设计,放到今天依然前卫!第10张图片


Poul Henningsen设计的PH 3/2台灯,1927年
Louis Poulsen


一个弹出式工厂展示了Poulsen最佳产品的生产过程,PH 3/2台灯具有三种不同角度的色调。今年秋天,它将在20世纪20年代使用的相同颜色的玻璃中重新发行。

PH 3/2 Amber by Poul Henningsen, 1927
Louis Poulsen

Previewed at a pop-up factory showing the process behind Poulsen's best-known products, the PH 3/2 table lamp features three shades of varying angles. It will be reissued in a limited run this autumn in the same coloured glass that was used in the 1920s.

那些不会被时间埋没的经典家具设计,放到今天依然前卫!第11张图片


Børge Mogensen设计的J52B扶手椅,1952年
FDB Møbler


在Børge Mogensen的职业生涯早期,这位丹麦现代运动的支持者领导着FDB Møbler设计工作室。这种设计基于传统的温莎椅子(Windsor chairs),从1980年起,该公司就停止了生产,并出售了椅子的设计生产权。

设计零售商剪报主编:Rose Etherington

J52B Armchair by Børge Mogensen, 1952
FDB Møbler

Early in his career, proponent of the Danish Modern movement Børge Mogensen headed up the design studio at FDB Møbler. This revived design, based on traditional Windsor chairs, was out of production from 1980 when the firm sold the rights and stopped production.

Rose Etherington is editor-in-chief of design retailer Clippings.

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