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既彰显现代感,又不失历史气息——大拱门博物馆翻新第1张图片

Eero Saarinen's Gateway Arch museum undergoes revitalisation in St Louis

由专筑网缕夕,王帅编译

位于圣路易斯的Eero Saarinen设计的标志性拱门下面的一个地下博物馆已被三家建筑公司翻新和扩建,它们作为振兴纪念碑周围地区的努力的一部分。

博物馆(以前称为Westward Expansion博物馆)的翻新扩建工作由纽约James Carpenter Design Associates(JCDA)和Cooper Robertson以及当地的Trivers Associates公司主持。

A subterranean museum below architect Eero Saarinen's iconic arch in St Louis has been renovated and expanded by three architecture firms, as part of an effort to rejuvenate the area around the monument.
Work on the new Gateway Arch Museum, formerly known as the Museum of Westward Expansion, was led by New York firms James Carpenter Design Associates (JCDA) and Cooper Robertson, with local practice Trivers Associates.

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该项目包括对现有建筑面积105800平方英尺(9829平方米)和47000平方英尺(4,366平方米)的新建筑进行整修。

JCDA和Cooper Robertson作为项目的主要设计方,他们设计了两座新的博物馆入口——西入口和正门入口大厅。

The project encompassed the gut renovation of a 105,800-square-foot (9,829-square-metre) existing building and a 47,000-square-foot (4,366 square-metre) addition.
JCDA presided over the creation of two new museum entrances – the West Entry and the Arrivals Entry Hall – with Cooper Robertson as the project architect.

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JCDA的负责人说:“该项目的旨在更好地将新旧的博物馆与国家公园管理局的大拱门结合起来,并改善公园、旧法院和圣路易斯市中心之间的连通性。”

博物馆现在设有新的弧形透明的入口,而草地之下是大型的展览空间。

"The project goal was to better integrate the new and original Museum with the National Park Service’s Gateway Arch landscape, and improve connectivity between the Park, the Old Courthouse, and downtown St. Louis," said a statement from JCDA.
The museum now features a new curved glazed entrance, along with vast exhibition spaces under a grassy knoll.

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JCDA事务所的创始人兼负责人James Carpenter说:“新的西面入口和博物馆扩建部分分散地融入了景观。”

“通过在地面上的玻璃体量营造出这座建筑的欢迎姿态,同时它映射了上方的天空,而拱门本身在天空中优美地划出一道圆弧。”

原来的博物馆于1967年开放,芬兰裔美国建筑师Eero Saarinen设计了该场地其中的一部分。它位于密西西比河岸边的630英尺(192米)高的不锈钢拱门下方。

"The new West Entry and museum expansion are discretely incised into the landscape," said James Carpenter, founder and principal of JCDA.
"This welcoming gesture is announced by an arc of glass laid flat on the ground, reflecting the image of the sky above, while the arch itself scribes an arc against the sky beyond."
The original space, opened in 1967, was part of Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinen's plan for the site. It sits below his monumental stainless-steel arch, which soars 630 feet (192 metres) into the sky on the bank of the Mississippi River.

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Saarinen根据以下内容设计了大拱门:它是托马斯•杰斐逊(主张西方扩张)的纪念碑;它与旧圣路易斯的景观保护有关;含有关于美国边境移民运动的博物馆。

Cooper Robertson的发言人说道:“圆形不锈钢和玻璃幕墙组成的入口预示拱形建筑的材料和形状。”

Saarinen designed the Gateway Arch in accordance with the following brief: that it act as a memorial to Thomas Jefferson (who advocated for Western expansion); that it relate to the preservation of Old St Louis with landscaping; and that it incorporate a museum about the migration movement of the American frontier.
"The new circular stainless-steel and glass entrance refers to the arch in its materiality and form," said a statement from Cooper Robertson.

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1800年,西部边境已扩展到达密苏里州的圣路易斯,这座城市成为西部旅行的热门城市之一。博物馆展览了美国历史上这一关键时期的信息,而这个项目的翻新改造更增强了展览效果。

Cooper Robertson合伙人Scott Newman说:“我们为博物馆的扩建设计了一个更加丰富的故事,它讲述了美国是如何形成的,并将这种新的故事与拱门联系起来。”

By 1800, the Western frontier had reached St Louis, Missouri, and the city became a famous gateway for travelling westward. The museum provides information about this key period in United States history, and the renovation project enhances its exhibitions.
"The design of the expanded Gateway Arch Museum presents a richer story of how the United States came to be and connects that new narrative to the arch," said Scott Newman, a Cooper Robertson partner.

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新的博物馆在原博物馆地下空间的基础上,向西进行了扩展,新的玻璃入口面向旧法院,这里是具有里程碑意义的1857年奴隶Dred Scott的审判现场。

旧博物馆的大部分设施都被新设施淘汰。扩展部分现在包含更多的画廊、公共教育设施和办公室。

The new Gateway Arch Museum repurposes the underground space occupied by the original museum, with an expansion toward the west and a new glazed entrance facing the Old Courthouse, site of the landmark 1857 trial of slave Dred Scott.
The majority of the museum was gutted and reconfigured. The extension now contains more gallery space, public education facilities and offices.

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长满青草的小山丘成为了博物馆的屋顶,由纽约公司Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates(MVVA)完成景观设计。该公司赢得了一项国际设计竞赛,如纪念大道周围的河滨公园和行人通道设计。

MVVA的景观将拱门连接到被44号州际公路隔断的旧法院和市中心区域。为了更好地翻新扩建博物馆,设计师将公园桥接高速公路,提供了更好的交通流线。

It sits under a grassy mound that serves as the museum's roof, with landscape work completed by New York firm Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates (MVVA). The firm won an international design competition to enhance the riverfront park and pedestrian access around Memorial Drive.
MVVA's landscaping links the arch site to the Old Courthouse and the Downtown neighbourhood, previously cut off by Interstate 44. The park bridges the highway and offers improved access to the refurbished museum.

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博物馆展品由Haley Sharpe Design设计,重点放在妇女和当地人民发展西部边境上,与古人和欧洲定居者的故事相结合。

Cooper Robertson负责人说:“博物馆的设计重点在于关注游客体验及其当代历史主题的探索,如移民等,博物馆设计尊重Eero Saarinen纪念碑的精神,同时将其发扬光大。”

拱门博物馆(The Gateway Arch Museum)是拱门公园基金会的一项计划,于2018年7月3日重新向公众开放。

摄影:Nic Lehoux

Museum exhibits were designed by Haley Sharpe Design, with new emphasis placed on the perspectives of women and indigenous people in developing the Western frontier, paired with stories from pioneers and European settlers.
"With its focus on the visitor experience and its contemporary exploration of historical themes that resonate today, like migration, the museum design respects the spirit of Eero Saarinen's monument while amplifying its relevance," said Cooper Robertson's statement.
The Gateway Arch Museum, an initiative of the Gateway Arch Park Foundation, reopened to the public on 3 July 2018.
Photography is by Nic Lehoux.

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项目信息:
园林绿化:Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates
展览设计:Haley Sharpe Design

Project credits:
Landscaping: Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates
Exhibition design: Haley Sharpe Design

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