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准建筑新生,这5种度假方式你们喜欢嘛第1张图片

© Neil Cornwall / Flickr / CC-BY-SA-3.0

建筑学子的5种暑期度假方式
5 Ways to Prepare for Architecture School Over the Summer

由专筑网李韧,吴静雅编译

高考结束之后的这个暑假,又有一大批准建筑学子即将前往世界各地的建筑院校开启建筑生涯。第一次来到工作室的心情既紧张又激动,但是对于那些尚未感受建筑生活的菜鸟来说,这扇大门之后的世界仍然难以预料,因此他们常常会感受到紧张。

在未来的建筑生涯中,新兴的建筑学子们会学到大量的专业知识,但是在这之前,以下的一些小建议能够让学生们更好地投入建筑学习之中。

This summer a brand new class of eager architectural hopefuls are preparing to start their lives in design at architecture schools around the world. Entering a studio environment for the first time brings an exciting set of new creative challenges, but this thrilling new world of architecture can often be tough to anticipate for those who have yet to begin their journey — leaving newcomers feeling unprepared and nervous on their first day.
While most architectural skills are best developed under the coaching of experienced professors, here are some simple tasks that will help incoming architecture students feel ready on the first day:

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© User:_limoe / Flickr / CC-BY-SA-3.0

1、测量你的世界

建筑学习的重要组成部分是能够主观、客观地看待日常周边的事物。例如研究你的家,你就能学习到很多关于建筑的知识。建筑新生们常常没有那么准确的尺度感,因此你可以通过测量空间逐步建立尺度思维。在今年的暑假,你可以花时间测量一下房间、走廊、橱柜、浴室的尺寸,还有一些诸如门窗家具等常见物品,这样不仅能够有效帮助你建立尺度感,还能建立准确的空间意识。

1. Measure your world
A big part of studying architecture is learning to see and critically understand aspects of the everyday environment. There’s a lot you can learn about buildings by studying the ones where you live and spend time right now. New architecture students often struggle to accurately visualize appropriate spatial dimensions at first, but you can give yourself a head start by measuring familiar spaces to use as reference points in your first designs. Taking time this summer to measure the dimensions of rooms you know well, hallways, closets and bathrooms of different sizes, as well as common building elements like doors, windows, fixtures and furniture, can reveal useful patterns and help a new designer develop crucial design skills like spatial awareness and an accurate sense of scale.

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© Michael Kappel / Flickr / CC-BY-SA-3.0

2、了解当地的模型材料商店

模型制作是建筑学自的必修课,学会有效地制作模型、有效地利用资源可以让最终成果有着极高的完成质量。工作室的项目节奏较快,因此如果总是网购模型材料比较浪费时间。因此,你需要了解到学校周边的材料商店,并且了解哪些原材料可以直接在实体店中购买。例如制作模型的工具,或者你也可以在一些五金店中购买到小型建筑原件。所以,你可以花费一个下午的时间专门对此类商店进行调研,并且记录下其中所售卖的物件,尤其是商店的营业时间,这些在未来也许会帮到你。

2. Get to know your local supply stores
Model-building is a big part of life as an architecture student, and learning to work quickly and use available resources effectively can make a huge difference in the final quality of a model. Studio projects often move at such a brisk pace that ordering material online and waiting for shipping is not always an option, so knowing what materials are available in local brick-and-mortar stores will go a long way once you start making design decisions on the fly. Art supply stores are a solid first stop for sheet goods, drawing media and other specialty items like clay and model building tools, but you can also find useful building pieces at hardware stores, big box home improvement chains and even thrift shops. Spending an afternoon exploring these kinds of stores and taking mental notes about the items they stock will help you understand your material options when you start making things constantly. While you’re there, save yourself some future drama by noting their opening and closing times too.

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© Lauren Manning / Flickr / CC-BY-SA-3.0

3、开始速写

通过手绘的方式来表达想法同样是建筑学子们的必修课。首先,你得学会拿着画笔在速写本上快速地记录下眼前或脑海中的风景。许多学生在此之前并没有美术基础,因此可以在这个暑假试着开始接触素描,亦或是每天画一幅速写。无论质量如何,在未来都有助于让你更快上手实际项目。

3. Start a sketchbook
Learning to capture and express visual information through drawings is a huge part of learning the fundamental skills of architecture, and just being comfortable with pencils and paper is a surprisingly helpful first step in developing those skills. Particularly for those without much previous experience drawing by hand, starting a sketchbook and trying to sketch a couple quick scenes each day, regardless of their final quality, will help ease the intimidation of producing drawings for your studio projects to come.

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© Ray Weitzenberg / Flickr / CC-BY-SA-3.0

4、阅读建筑书籍

对于那些对建筑仍然没有基本概念的学生们来说,阅读建筑书籍是一种既实用、又快速的学习方式。书中自有颜如玉,你可以通过书籍了解到当前建筑世界,同时也能够紧跟时代步伐,明白当下的流行设计趋势。因此学校的图书馆是一个好去处,当然,诸如Archdaily等网站也可以帮助你更好地接触建筑理念。

4. Read books by architects
Particularly for students starting school without much experience in the world of architecture, reading books written by architects is a helpful, low-stress way to introduce yourself into the world of buildings and design while also getting a feel for the vocabulary and language that architects use to describe and explain architecture. University libraries and magazines can be extremely helpful for finding an approachable entry point, and of course online resources like ArchDaily are another great way to make first contact with the words and ideas of architecture.

准建筑新生,这5种度假方式你们喜欢嘛第6张图片

© Neil Cornwall / Flickr / CC-BY-SA-3.0

5、去旅行

建筑的学习离不开图纸、照片,以及模型,而对经典建筑的亲身体验也非常重要。所以,即使你所在的城市里没有路易•康、赖特等大师作品,但是你也可以寻找一些自己感兴趣的建筑进行一次参观,重要的是你要花时间去感受空间的存在,这至关重要。当你置身于建筑之中,你要去观察平面布局,感受流线体验,甚至整个空间对于你的心情的影响。就算你还没有充足的建筑知识来描绘出这些感受,但是当你回到工作室之中,细细回想起曾经的体验,相信你从中也能学到很多东西。

5. Go somewhere inspiring
Studying architecture involves a lot of learning about projects through drawings, photographs, models and other means of representation―but there’s no substitute for experiencing architecture in person. Even if there’s not a Louis Kahn or Frank Lloyd Wright building near where you live, it can be hugely helpful and instructive to find a local place you find  interesting and plan a visit that allows you to take plenty of time to absorb the space. While you’re there, try to observe and appreciate the entirety of the experience, especially how it makes you feel and affects your mood. Even if you don’t have the architectural knowledge to articulate your experience yet, when you’re sitting at a desk in studio it will make all the difference if you can take yourself back to that visit and remind yourself of how it feels to physically inhabit a magical place.

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