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建在大坝旁的水电站控制中心,也可以美美的!第1张图片

Pedro Geraldes设计了俯瞰葡萄牙大坝的混凝土控制中心
Pedro Geraldes creates concrete control centre overlooking Portuguese dam

由专筑网缕夕,王帅编译

在葡萄牙中部的一个水电站,建筑师引用了当地的乡土建筑风格,为水电站的控制中心加盖了一座山形混凝土外壳,从而形成了保护性的表面。

建筑师Pedro Geraldes为全球能源公司EDP设计了这座控制和观察设施,它俯瞰Ermida村附近的Vouga河。

A gabled concrete shell that references local vernacular buildings forms a protective surface enclosing this control building at a hydroelectric station in central Portugal.
Architect Pedro Geraldes designed the control and observation facility for global energy company EDP, at its site overlooking the Vouga River near the village of Ermida.

建在大坝旁的水电站控制中心,也可以美美的!第2张图片

该建筑的主要目的是为大坝检查和在紧急情况下实施必要程序提供基础,因此需要保护其免受洪水侵袭并保持良好的河流景观。

该建筑占用了一片经过砍伐后的一小部分茂密森林,并在倾斜的地面上挖掘岩壁而占据了较高的地块。由此场地直接面向大坝,这样车辆能进入建筑物的前部。

The building's main purpose is to provide a base for checking the dam and implementing the necessary procedures in case of emergency, so it needed to be protected from flooding and command good views of the river.
The facility occupies an elevated plot created by clearing a small section of dense forest and excavating a ledge on the sloping ground. The resulting site looks directly towards the dam and enables vehicles to access the front of the building.

建在大坝旁的水电站控制中心,也可以美美的!第3张图片

Geraldes不想让自己的设计成为千篇一律的盒子,他从当地建筑中汲取灵感,从而开发了山墙形状。

建筑师解释说:“在森林区域设计一座工业建筑,并伴随着周围稀疏的倾斜屋顶传统建筑,这不禁让我思考一下当代工业建筑如何能适应这个景观。”

Aware that he wanted to create something that "avoids being just another contemporary box", Geraldes took inspiration from the local vernacular when developing the gabled shape.
"Designing an industrial building in a forest area, with occasional traditional constructions with pitched roofs in the surroundings, allowed me to think about how a contemporary industrial building might fit in this landscape," the architect explained.

建在大坝旁的水电站控制中心,也可以美美的!第4张图片

他补充说:“这座建筑名为Ermida,它的意思是小教堂,考虑到这一点,设计带有混凝土斜屋顶的建筑的想法便油然而生。”

虽然建筑的形式参考了传统的当地建筑,但其具体结构却遵循了典型水坝和其他基础设施的现代做法。

"Ermida, the name of the location, means small church or chapel," he added. "With this in mind, the idea of designing a building with a concrete pitched roof emerged."
While the building's form references traditional local architecture, its concrete structure establishes it as a modern intervention that follows the precedent of typical dams and other infrastructure.

建在大坝旁的水电站控制中心,也可以美美的!第5张图片

屋顶和墙壁这一体量由带有纹理的混凝土生成的。其具体形式为建筑的结构,以及其防护外壳。

在控制中心的入口前面,结构向外延伸,并被一侧的一排狭缝打破,这些狭缝提供了很好的采光。

Board-marked concrete is used to create a single volume that forms the roof and walls. The concrete form provides the building's structure, as well as its protective waterproof shell.
In front of the entrance to the control centre, the structure extends outwards and is punctured by a row of slits on one side that allow daylight to filter through.

建在大坝旁的水电站控制中心,也可以美美的!第6张图片

面向停车区的墙采用了铝制外壳,入口处设有一对玻璃门。尽端处设置了玻璃幕墙,不间断地提供大坝视野。

2016年,Atelier Pierre Thibault在加拿大设计了一座木材覆盖的水力发电厂,而BIG建筑事务所正在丹麦哥本哈根设计一座废弃的发电厂。

摄影:Alexandre Delmar

The gabled end facing the parking area is clad in aluminium, with a pair of glazed doors marking the entrance. The opposite end wall is infilled with glazing to provide an uninterrupted view of the dam.
In 2016 Atelier Pierre Thibault designed a timber clad hydroelectric power plant in Canada, while BIG are designing a waste -to-energy power plant in Copenhagen, Denmark.
Photography is by Alexandre Delmar.

建在大坝旁的水电站控制中心,也可以美美的!第7张图片

建在大坝旁的水电站控制中心,也可以美美的!第8张图片

建在大坝旁的水电站控制中心,也可以美美的!第9张图片

建在大坝旁的水电站控制中心,也可以美美的!第10张图片

建在大坝旁的水电站控制中心,也可以美美的!第11张图片

建在大坝旁的水电站控制中心,也可以美美的!第12张图片

建在大坝旁的水电站控制中心,也可以美美的!第13张图片

建在大坝旁的水电站控制中心,也可以美美的!第14张图片

项目信息:
建筑事务所:Pedro Geraldes
结构:COBA S.A.
机械工程:Andritz Hydro, Efacec S.A.
液压系统:FCC Construccion, RRC Ramalho Rosa Cobetar S.A., OPWAY
电信设备:Andritz Hydro, Efacec S.A.
其他合作(EDP):Diogo Santiago (建筑), Nuno Oliveira (机械工程), Miguel Roque (电力工程), Armando Camelo (材料), Pedro Silva (材料), Ana Costa (安全技术)
开发商:EDP

Project credits:
Architecture: Pedro Geraldes
Structures: COBA S.A.
Mechanical engineering: Andritz Hydro, Efacec S.A.
Hydraulics: FCC Construccion, RRC Ramalho Rosa Cobetar S.A., OPWAY
Electricity and communications: Andritz Hydro, Efacec S.A.
Other collaborators (EDP): Diogo Santiago (architecture), Nuno Oliveira (mechanical engineering), Miguel Roque (electrical engineering), Armando Camelo (materials), Pedro Silva (materials), Ana Costa (safety)
Developer/ client: EDP

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