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东帝汶(East Timorese)社区文化中心设计引入可持续的卫生体系
BB&B invents sustainable hygiene system in East Timorese community cultural center

由专筑网李佳琪,李韧编译

BB&B工作室的最新项目单刀直入,解决了社区项目诸如没有淡水、没有卫生设施等问题,从而达到提高社区的舒适性和品质。另外,“Lospalos文化中心”还引入了自给自足的淡水系统、厕所、非正式社区空间和正式交流空间。“低维护成本”、“倾听当地人的意见”、“使用当地的材料”、“让它与场地相适应”,这些共同的智慧与精华是东帝汶(East Timor)Lospalos文化中心项目的核心。

The aim of BBB’s latest development was to improve amenity and capacity for the broadest amount of the community as possible by addressing core problems – no public toilets, no fresh water, no hygiene facilities. More than just buildings, the ‘Lospalos cultural center’ introduced self-sufficient fresh water systems, toilets, and informal community and formal programmed space. ‘Don’t fix it if it ain’t broken’, ‘listen to the locals’, ‘use what’s there’, ‘make it work for the place it’s in’. These nuggets of common wisdom were at the core of the Lospalos cultural center project in East Timor.

这座“当地文化中心”重在“当地”二字第1张图片

BB&B工作室的最新项目,其目的在于提高社区的舒适性和品质/The aim of BB&B’s latest development was to improve amenity and capacity for the community

在发展中地区设计建造项目会有较多的问题,因此根据当地的情况,来进行按需求而设计则至关重要。如果运用一些当地人所不接受的设计方式与思路,可能会造成大量劳动力和资金的浪费。澳大利亚BB&B工作室负责项目的建筑设计,建筑师对此项目保持着谦卑的态度,听取当地人的经验建议。建筑师们将这些因素结合在一起,构思了连贯而有说服力的设计方案,他们采取的方法非常实际,但效果却出人意料。建筑师与当地社区进行广泛协商,对当地生产的材料进行严格的测试,观察当地已经存在的建筑,对当地废物管理系统和气候进行深入的研究,这些是该项目的成功要素。

Development work in emerging economies can be problematic, so it’s important to work off the backs of the teams already underway in these contexts. Vast sums of labor and money can be wasted when foreign systems, knowledge and capital-accumulation are imposed on local communities. As architects in this project, Australian based BB&B did not take on the role of masters or sole visionaries but worked to empower the community and its many voices and expertise. The designers tie together all the pieces into a coherent, robust outcome, which is practical in its approach but ambitious in its aspiration. Extensive consultation with the local community, rigorous structural testing of materials produced locally, observation of the way locals used the already existing buildings on site, and deep research into global and vernacular waste management systems and local climate produced a hard-working cultural center.

这座“当地文化中心”重在“当地”二字第2张图片

设计团队赋予当地社区自主权,听取当地人的经验建议/The design team worked to empower the community and its many voices and expertise

文化中心是一座基础设施,起到文化的发扬作用。大屋顶、宽檐和开阔透气的织物专为热带地区而设计。大屋顶收集的雨水可循环利用。建筑空间惬意舒适,使用者可以在其中进行各种活动,例如表演、学习、教学、玩耍,或是一群人一起闲逛。作为社区基础设施的核心部分,BB&B工作室设计的“Lospalos文化中心”既是一座博物馆,同时也是人们的交流场所。

The cultural center is a piece of physical infrastructure that provides for necessities and facilitates culture.The big roof canopy, wide eaves and open breathable fabric are designed specifically for the tropics. The big roof collects rainwater to provide fresh clean drinking water and hygienic toilets and hand-wash facilities. The spaces are only informally programmed to allow a range of unexpected and improvised things to happen there – it’s a place for events, performances, learning, teaching, playing, and somewhere the community can just hang out. As a core piece of community infrastructure BB&B’s ‘Lospalos cultural center’ is a living museum where tourists and locals hang out together and learn from one another.

这座“当地文化中心”重在“当地”二字第3张图片

大屋顶收集的雨水既可饮用,也可用于清洁/Rainwater collection provides fresh clean drinking water and hygienic toilets and hand-wash facilities

这座“当地文化中心”重在“当地”二字第4张图片

模型/Model

这座“当地文化中心”重在“当地”二字第5张图片

结构/Structure

这座“当地文化中心”重在“当地”二字第6张图片

柱网和立面/Columns and facades

这座“当地文化中心”重在“当地”二字第7张图片

卫生系统/Hygiene systems

这座“当地文化中心”重在“当地”二字第8张图片

厕所/Hygienic toilets

这座“当地文化中心”重在“当地”二字第9张图片

卫浴设施/Toilet facility

这座“当地文化中心”重在“当地”二字第10张图片

洗手设施/Hand-washing facility

这座“当地文化中心”重在“当地”二字第11张图片

BB&B工作室设计的可持续卫生体系/BB&B’s sustainable hygiene system


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