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有趣的砖砌立面:活力藏在想象之中第1张图片


8座有趣的砖砌立面
8 Interesting Brick Facades of Stack Bond

由专筑网李佳琪,李韧编译

砖砌立面是什么?砂浆接缝不只用于美学,这些“接缝”或图案让砖墙具有一定的强度。每块砖由下方两块砖支撑,再下面依次由三块砖支撑,以此类推。每块砖都要靠另一块砖来支撑,这样就不会对一块砖施加太多的压力。那么,如何设计一座建筑立面呢?砖砌立面就如同完全不同的故事,在这里,砖块以现有的结构完整性包覆建筑物,赋予其宏伟的形状。这里小编们选择了一些迷人的砖砌外观示例,其中包含了Pinterest上的砖块面板示例:

What is a brick facade? Mortar joints are not just used for aesthetics, these “bonds” or patterns give the brick wall the strength it needs. Every brick is held by two bricks from beneath which are in turn held by three bricks from below, etc. Every brick depends on another brick for holding and supporting it so that not too much strain is exerted on one only. But how to design an architectural elevation? brick Facades are a completely different story where the bricks just clad buildings with an existing structural integrity, giving them magnificent shapes. Here is our selection of some mesmerizing examples of brick facade, Also check our Bricks board on Pinterest:


砖砌立面建筑物:

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1)TERMEH办公大楼/Ahmad Bathaei和FMZD(伊朗,哈马丹)

建筑的立面看起来像是一堆砖块。底层有着看起来像山洞的店面,而楼上的砖块被玻璃隔开。这是为了让阳光进入办公室的内部。从大楼外面直达办公室的楼梯也由砖砌。

Buildings with Brick Facade:
1) TERMEH Office (Retail Building designed by Ahmad Bathaei and FMZD, Hamadan, Iran)
The building’s facade looks like it has been made of a huge pile of bricks. At the bottom floor, there is a shop front that looks like a cave, whereas the brickwork in the upper floors is interrupted at intervals by glazing. This is to let daylight get through to the offices inside. A staircase which directly takes people, directly, from the outside of the building to the offices was also made of brick.

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2)Three Parts 小屋/Architects EAT(澳大利亚,墨尔本)

20世纪50年代,这座房子就已经由砖建造。2013年,建筑增加了一座被玻璃包围的院子,以及一座砖砌体。在其中,砖块相互堆叠,用于区分新老建筑。在院子里,工人们采用了多孔砖对缝砌筑的做法。

2) Three Parts House (Architects EAT, Melbourne, Australia)
The house has already been built of brick since the 1950s. In 2013, a brick addendum was created in addition to a yard surrounded by glass walls. The bricks used in the new addition are made into a stack bond to distinguish the late from the old house. In the yard, a stack bond of perforated bricks was used.

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3)砖表皮/Admun Studio(伊朗,德黑兰)

这座住宅坐落在伊朗首都德黑兰的繁忙的社区。砂浆的排布方式使得砖块有着不同的角度,以此控制进入建筑物的阳光,同时尊重了居民的隐私。这也赋予了建筑美妙的波浪状外观。

3) Covered With Bricks (Admun Studio, Tehran, Iran)
The residential building resides in a hectic neighborhood in the capital city of Iran. The mortar arrangement allowed the bricks to take various angles, controlling the daylight coming into the building and respecting the privacy of the residents. It also gave the building a wonderful wavy appearance.

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4)ZP小学/dmvA Architecten(比利时)

学校的墙壁上覆盖着不同质地和颜色的砖块。不同的图案和直线排列方式形成了建筑的现有外观,使之与邻里保持一致,同时保持对学生的吸引力。

4) Primary school ZP (dmvA Architecten, Sint-Agatha-Berchem, Belgium)
The school walls are clad in a brick of different textures and tints. The various patterns and alignments created a facade that goes in line with the neighborhood while remaining quite attractive for the students.

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5)Norrtalje殡仪馆/Link Arkitektur(瑞典)

项目的设计者希望可以为前来追悼的家人提供合适的空间。殡仪馆的大窗户减少了阴郁的气氛。建筑的墙壁采用了砖砌的做法,而门窗应用了混凝土。

5) Norrtalje Mortuary (LINK Arkitektur, Norrtalje, Sweden)
The designers of this project wished to give mourning families a nice place. The mortuary has big windows which decrease the gloomy ambiance. The walls are clad in stacked bricks, while the doors and windows are framed in concrete.

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6)南亚人权文献中心/Anagram Architects(印度,德里)

在这座建筑物中,砖墙除了遮挡当地剧烈的日光,其布置也促进了自然通风。由于该项目是为低收入人群建造,立面系统不仅有着美观的形态,还有着经济的造价。

6) South Asian Human Rights Documentation Centre (Anagram Architects, Delhi, India)
The brick arrangement permits proper aeration to the building in addition to shading the venue from the blazing sun. As the project was created for low-income clients, the complex elevation provides a highly aesthetic aspect to the building at an economical price.

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7)Pabellón Agrícola Almazara Santurde/Barcena and Zufiaur Arquitectos(西班牙 桑图尔德)

这是一家生产橄榄的工厂,建筑砖砌而成,却具有很大的建筑影响力。

立面没有窗户,完全由光滑的砖砌成,但其中却不乏质感。

7) Pabellón Agrícola Almazara Santurde (Barcena and Zufiaur Arquitectos, Santurde, Spain)
This building, which is a factory for manufacturing olives, was made of a simple brick arrangement of great architectural influence.
The façade has no windows and is entirely made of sleek brick that possesses a texture when closely observed.

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8)Westvleteren社区中心/Tom Vanhee 工作室(比利时)

建筑师在设计立面时应用了不同的纹理和砖块的颜色,而不是用旧砖块来匹配新建筑。新的扩建尊重了旧建筑的形态。

8) Community Centre Westvleteren (Atelier Tom Vanhee, Poperinge, Belgium)
The architectural company opted to use different textures and shades of brick for the façade rather than matching the bricks of old and the new buildings. The new extension comes with its character that respects the identity of the old building.

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