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荷兰自然生物多样性中心
Naturalis Biodiversity Center Leiden / Neutelings Riedijk Architecten

由专筑网小R,王雪纯编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:荷兰自然国家生物多样性中心由Neutelings Riedijk Architects事务所和时尚设计师Iris van Herpen合作,在全新的空间实现科学与公共性的结合。

Text description provided by the architects. Naturalis, the Dutch National Biodiversity Center, designed by Neutelings Riedijk Architects in collaboration with fashion designer Iris van Herpen brings science and public together in new spatial ensemble.

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位于荷兰的自然国家研究机构自从1820年起就专注于生物多样性的研究,由Willem一世国王创立。该机构在过去的十年中发展迅速,游客的数量增长到每年40万人次,因此需要翻新来满足当前的需求。这座自然生物多样性中心收藏了4200万件展品,并且有超过200名研究者在此针对全球问题进行各项研究,例如气候变化、生物多样性下降、食品供应、水质等等。该中心有着最高级别的设计与研究策略,同时,这座全新的博物馆也给大众展示了丰富的自然资源。

Naturalis is the national research institute for biodiversity dating from 1820 which was founded by King Willem I in Leiden, The Netherlands. The institute with a long and rich history experienced an exponential growth in the last decade which led to an urgent necessity to renovate. The number of visitors increased rapidly to 400.000 per year. The new future proof Naturalis brings the growing collection of 42 million objects together (top five in the world). Its new state of the art facilities accommodate more than two hundred researchers whose studies are at the center of attention, contributing solutions to global issues including climate change, the decline of biodiversity on earth, food supply, and water quality. The Naturalis facilities and the collection enable to contribute solutions at the highest level. At the same time the new museum offers the chance to show the public the wealth and beauty of nature.

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研究所的全新设计有机地结合了现有建筑与扩建部分,每个功能空间都对应特定的形式。中央中庭连接着研究所的各个部分,例如现有的办公室、仓库、新建博物馆,以及实验室。中庭的设计包含有三维混凝土结构,它们看起来就像是由椭圆形、三角形、六边形构成的分子,光线经过过滤进入到内部大空间,强调了空间的纪念性氛围,科学家、工作人员、学生会在这里沟通交流。

The institute’s new design forms a sustainable ensemble of existing buildings and new-build, with each activity housed in a specific form. The central atrium connects the various parts of the institute: the existing offices and depots with the newly built museum and laboratories. The design of the atrium consists of a three-dimensional concrete structure in the form of interlocking molecules as a lace of ovals, triangles, and hexagons. The filtered light that enters through the circular windows as a ‘glass crown’ where scientists, staff, students and families meet, reinforcing the monumentality of the space.

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诸如餐厅、商店、展厅等公共设施都位于地面层,游客们甚至可以在这里看到搁浅的鲸鱼展览。通向展厅的楼梯就如同山路般弯曲,越往上越狭窄,展示着古老的展品,下方则呈现开放的欢迎姿态。

Public functions such as the restaurant, the shop and the exhibition hall can be found on the ground floor where passers-by can catch sight of the examinations of the last whales washed ashore. The main staircase leading up to exhibitions resembles a mountain path, becoming narrower at the top with enough space to welcome Trix, the sixty-six million years old T-Rex which has been given pride of place in the Dino Era gallery.

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展厅的外部应用了石块,这模拟了地质结构。石材的发展横跨前年,是设计的闪光点。荷兰时尚设计师Iris van Herpen收到事务所的邀请,设计了白色混凝土元素来打断了石材,她一共设计了263块面板,其灵感来源于自然形态,面板应用了专为自然生物多样性中心而开发的技术,因此看起来十分光滑,Van Herpen曾经为Cate Blanchett、Beyoncé、Lady Gaga等知名人士设计礼服,同样也是应用了类似的面料。

The exterior of exhibition halls with stone blocks in horizontal layers mimics a geological structure. Its travertine variety of stone used has developed natural crystals over the span of eons, creating a beautiful sparkle. The layers of stones are interrupted by friezes of white, concrete elements designed by a famous Dutch fashion designer Iris van Herpen. Invited by Neutelings Riedijk Architects, she designed a total of 263 panels, inspired by the natural shapes of the collection which seem to be smooth as silk, thanks to a special technique developed for Naturalis. Such a resemblance to fabric is a nod to the innovative dresses designed by Van Herpen for celebrities like Cate Blanchett, Beyoncé, and Lady Gaga.

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在博物馆之中,荷兰设计师Tord Boontjeknown通过照明设施、家具、织物结合精致的花卉与动物母题,展示了奖金100个色彩斑斓的墙体面板。这是融合了摄影和绘画的视觉展览,表达了自然的奇妙特征。项目占地面积约为38000平方米,其中翻新部分为18000平方米,新建部分为20000平方米。

Inside the museum, Dutch designer Tord Boontjeknown for his lighting, furniture, and fabrics with exquisite floral and animal motifs, shows almost 100 striking and colorful wall panels. They are visual stories that blend photography and drawing to reveal the wonders of the natural world. The project covers a total of around 38,000 m2 of which 18,000 m2 of renovation and 20,000 m2 of new construction.

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建筑设计:Neutelings Riedijk Architecten
地点:荷兰
类别:研究中心
设计团队:Michiel Riedijk, Willem Jan Neutelings, Frank Beelen, Kenny Tang, Guillem Colomer Fontanet, Jolien Van Bever, Inés Escauriaza Otazua, Marie Brabcová, Cynthia Deckers
面积:38000.0 ㎡
项目时间:2019年
摄影:Scagliola Brakkee Fotografie
客户:Naturalis Biodiversity Center
机械工程:ABT BV Ingenieursbureau / Aronsohn Raadgevende Ingenieurs / Huisman en van Muijen / DGMR Raadgevende Ingenieurs
办公室内:Hollandse Nieuwe
城市规划:Studio Hartzema
景观设计:H+N+S, Amersfoort
造价顾问:IGG / Bointon de Groot
合作方:Iris van Herpen, Studio Tord Boontje

Architects: Neutelings Riedijk Architecten
Location: Darwinweg 2, 2333 CR Leiden, The Netherlands
Category: Research Center
Design Team: Michiel Riedijk, Willem Jan Neutelings, Frank Beelen, Kenny Tang, Guillem Colomer Fontanet, Jolien Van Bever, Inés Escauriaza Otazua, Marie Brabcová, Cynthia Deckers
Area: 38000.0 ㎡
Project Year: 2019
Photographs: Scagliola Brakkee Fotografie
Clients: Naturalis Biodiversity Center
Engineering: ABT BV Ingenieursbureau / Aronsohn Raadgevende Ingenieurs / Huisman en van Muijen / DGMR Raadgevende Ingenieurs
Office Interiors: Hollandse Nieuwe
Urban Planning: Studio Hartzema
Landscape: H+N+S, Amersfoort
Costs consultant: IGG / Bointon de Groot
Collaborators: Iris van Herpen, Studio Tord Boontje

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