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绘造社DAS的《城市化风景系列》最新作品绘造社 • 《团结湖》全景图。
来自北京的绘造社从Colin Rowe的透明性理论中得到灵感,以全景图的形式,表现了一个典型的北京住宅区——团结湖。
Drawing Architecture Studio •Tuan Jie Hu Panorama
Beijing-based Drawing Architecture Studio (DAS)represents a residential district in Beijing in a panoramic drawing with inspiration from Colin Rowe’s phenomenal transparency theory.  

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在美国彻底失败的现代主义排楼住宅小区,在北京却充满了城市活力。团结湖是北京东三环边上一个具有代表性的老旧居住小区。优良的地理位置和相对合理的房租让它成为CBD上班族的首选落脚地。规划上的粗糙与建筑设计的落后并不妨碍它形成复杂多样的城市生态系统。设计质量与城市活力的正向关系在此被挑衅!

As a contrast to their failure in the United States, Modernist slab apartments have shown great urban dynamics in Beijing. Tuan Jie Hu is an epitome of old residential area located by the East 3rd Ring Road in Beijing. Good location and relatively reasonable rent make it a primary destination for people who work in the CBD area and want to find a place to live nearby. Despite of its poor planning and outdated architectural design, this area has self-generated a diverse urban ecological system. Here the positive relationship between the design quality and urban dynamics has been challenged.

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《团结湖》是绘造社《城市化风景系列》的最新作品。这个系列是绘造社的一项长期工作计划,目的是通过对建筑师重要的传统的技能——绘画的发掘探索,将城市自身的表现欲通过绘画的形式进行释放与强化。

Tuan Jie Hu Panorama is the latest piece by DAS for its Urbanized Landscape Series. As a long-term working plan, this Series is a project in which DAS aims to explore the architect’s traditional technique – drawing and to free and strengthen the city’s desire for self-expression in the form of drawing.

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《团结湖》除了保持了绘造社城市全景图一贯的事无巨细的风格,还对建筑绘画的技巧进行了新的探讨。通过不同方向的45度轴线让观者的视点不断变化,犹如立体派的绘画。这里有绘造社对Colin Rowe的透明性理论的主观理解。Colin Rowe从立体派绘画中提炼出了“现象的透明”概念,并将植入到对建筑的解读中。简单地讲,它就是多种空间系统的冲突产生的张力。轴测图天然具有平面的正交系统和轴向的45度角系统的相互冲突,亦平面亦立体。利用这一特性描绘城市,自然就产生了具有“现象的透明性”的立体派绘画。这里,绘造社做了一个与Colin Rowe相反的工作,用建筑轴测图特有的属性解读立体派绘画。
绘造社对城市的迷恋不是设计的好与坏,而是当代大都市的某种疯狂,甚至荒谬的状态。绘造社的工作目的就是把这种状态以建筑绘画的形式表现出来。

Tuan Jie Hu Panorama / DAS第7张图片

↑ 拥挤的地铁入口 / 全天交通拥堵的东三环

Consistent with the exceptionally detailed signature style of DAS’ urban panoramic drawings, Tuan Jie Hu Panorama vividly depicts the views from the daily life in this local community. At the same time, the piece also shows some new exploration in architectural drawing techniques. Some 45-degree axes from different directions allow the viewers to constantly change their viewpoints, which is like a Cubism painting. Here it involves DAS’ subjective understanding on Colin Rowe’s transparency theory. Rowe extracted his concept of “phenomenal transparency” from Cubism paintings and built it into the understanding of architecture. It is briefly about tensions resulted from conflicts among different spatial systems. While in axonometric projection, the coexistence of orthogonal system and 45-degree axial system naturally presents interesting conflicts, both two- and three-dimensional. If using this unique feature from architectural drawing to depict cities, a Cubism artwork with “phenomenal transparency” will naturally come into being. In Tuan Jie Hu Panorama, opposite to Rowe, DAS uses axonometric drawing techniques from architectural practice to reinterpret Cubism art.
DAS’ indulgence in cities has nothing to do with the goodness or badness of design, but is because of some crazy or even absurd status of contemporary metropolises. The aim of DAS’ work is to represent such a status in the form of architectural drawing.

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↑ 学校放学前接孩子的家长挤满学门 / 快递员在设在小区内的站点忙碌分拣  
绘造社认为,面对当代复杂的城市问题,建筑与城市设计不一定始终有效。建筑师不用把角色限定在改造现实世界的设计方案上。这样他们会发现自己有更广泛,更力所能及的工作可以挖掘开拓。

DAS believes that nowadays architectural and urban design are not necessarily effective when facing the complicated urban issues. Sometimes they might even look particularly fragile and pale. Architects shall give up their position as saviors of the world and do not limit their roles in making design proposals to change the real world. Then they might find themselves more extensive works within their capabilities.

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↑ 沿街居民楼一层改造为底商  
很多情况下,城市需要的不是设计,而是表达。城市有自己的生命,有内在的运行逻辑。通过不断孕育出一系列都市奇观,城市展现出强烈的自我表达欲望。Rem Koolhaas在《癫狂的纽约》中把纽约比作一个电影明星:“明星的生活太自我中心,无法发现自己的生活方式,太闪烁其词,无法知晓自己的生活意图,太浮躁不安,无法记住自己生活经历,于是影子写手替他们做这些。同样的道理,我就是曼哈顿的影子写手(Ghostwriter)。”同样的道理,绘造社试图成为当代北京的影子画家(Ghostpainter)。

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↑ 小区里的街心花园 / 老旧电线与无线互联网并存  

In many cases, cities need expression rather than design. Cities have their own lives and inner operation logic. By continuously breeding a series of urban wonders, cities have presented strong desires for self-expression. In his book Delirious New York, Rem Koolhaas describes New York as a movie star. “Movie stars who have led adventure-packed lives are often too egocentric to discover patterns, too inarticulate to express intentions, too restless to record or remember events. Ghostwriters do it for them. In the same way I was Manhattan’s ghostwriter.” By the same token, DAS tries to become the “ghostpainter” of contemporary Beijing.

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↑ 居民楼窗户因为安全考虑安装的金属护栏  

《团结湖》是绘造社参加由URBANUS都市实践建筑师王辉主持,国科大教授张路峰、中央美术学院教授周宇舫、何可人、绘造社建筑师李涵等共同教学的城市研究工作坊的工作成果之一。该工作坊作为中国科学院大学研究生的暑期研究型课程,以团结湖社区城市环境改造为题目,探索当前社会状态下的老旧社区的改造策略。


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Tuan Jie Hu Panorama is a creation resulted from DAS’ participation in an urban research workshop in 2014 hosted by Chinese architect Wang Hui from URBANUS Beijing whose tutors include Professor Zhang Lufeng from University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Professor Zhou Yufang and He Keren from Central Academy of Fine Arts, and architect Li Han from DAS. The workshop was a summer research program for graduate students from UCAS. With Tuan Jie Hu area as the study case, the task of the workshop was to explore urban environmental renovation strategies for old districts in the current social context.

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↑  全景横图 all horizontal

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↑  全景竖图 all vertical

创作团队
李涵 / 胡妍 / 张欣桐 / 王沛 / 谭志鹏 / 王剑锋 / 中国科学院大学建筑研究与设计中心研究生团队
Tuan Jie Hu Panorama Project Team Li Han, Hu Yan, Zhang Xintong, Wang Pei, Tan Zhipeng, Wang Jianfeng, graduate students from Architecture Research & Design Center of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

绘造社由建筑师李涵和设计师胡妍创立于北京,以绘画和建筑为主要工作平台:在绘画上通过深入挖掘建筑图纸的表现力制作建筑式图画,演绎城市和建筑的世俗情趣;在建造上向生活学习,收集整理当下城市中自然生成的民间建筑,将底层智慧转化为设计武器,用于建筑实践。

Founded by architect Li Han and designer Hu Yan in Beijing, Drawing Architecture Studio (DAS) takes drawing and architecture as the key platforms. For drawing, DAS is dedicated to developing the expressive potential of architectural drawings and creating unique art works with architectural style, as to present a vivid secular urban living. For architecture, DAS takes reference from the real life, collects and documents the anonymous architecture in the daily surroundings, and transforms the folk wisdom into design tools for professional architectural practice.

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