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通过卡车就能移动的建筑,你没见过吧?第1张图片


可用卡车运输的预制小屋
Prefabricated cabin can be transported to remote locations by lorry

由专筑网李韧,吴静雅编译

艺术家Bobby Niven和建筑师Iain MacLeod共同设计了这座造价为39000英镑的预制小屋,这座建筑能够通过卡车进行运输。

This £39,000 prefabricated cabin by artist Bobby Niven and architect Iain MacLeod is designed to be easily transported on the back of a lorry.

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Photograph is by Johnny Barrington

该项目是校友Niven与MacLeod的合作作品,这座名为“Artist Bothy”的建筑看上去不仅一个迷你栖身之所,还是艺术家们与世隔绝的私人工作室。

房屋建筑面积约12.25平方米,占地5.5x3米。建筑主体主要由咖啡色的耐候钢和苏格兰落叶松木材建造而成,另外在入口区域还设置了一个木制平台。

School friends Niven and MacLeod designed the small hut, known as the Artist Bothy after the Scottish name for a shelter, for artists wanting to set up studio in isolated locations.
The compact 12.25-square-metre cabin has a footprint of just 5.5 by 3 metres. Its gabled cross-laminated timber structure is covered in sheets of russet Corten steel and Scottish larch, while a small patio wraps the corner by the entrance.

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Photograph is by Johnny Barrington

建筑师使用了双层玻璃、木材纤维隔离层,以及木材燃烧炉,这也意味着如果在没有电源的情况下,这座建筑仍然能够通过预制手段进行组装。

建筑的设计结合了苏格兰当地的全新规范,因此减少了常规建筑中所出现的繁琐步骤。

Double glazing, wood-fibre insulation and a wood-burning stove mean the cabin can operate off-grid, if pugging into the mains isn't an option.
The cabin's design takes advantage of new legislation in Scotland that exempts simple hut structures from many building regulations.

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Photograph is by Graham Niven

MacLeod说:“Artist Bothy将是一个灵活的空间系统,既能够感受自然的乡村环境,又能够感受城市的气息。”

“因此我们将各种形式都弱化,最终形成了这个看似简单但却经过深思熟虑的空间系统,其中内部功能十分完善。”

“另外,这座建筑的建造满足法律规范,不会对使用者造成过多困扰。”

"The Artist Bothy was a dream brief, to create a flexible space that could feel connected to nature in a rural environment yet also look at home in a more urban context," said MacLeod.
"The result is a paired down vernacular form that although appears very simple is full of considered decisions to make this a unique and very functional space," he explained.
"It has also been built to dimensions designed to ease the statutory permission process for prospective owners."

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Photograph is by Graham Niven

“Artist Bothy”只是“Bothy”系列项目的一部分,该系列项目由Niven和MacLeod于2011年发起,在苏格兰高地为艺术家提供相应的居住空间。

该系列项目的第一座建筑坐落于于Cairngorms国家公园,Niven和MacLeod将这座小屋出租给渴望亲近大自然的艺术家们。

The Artist Both is a continuation of the Bothy Project, which Niven and MacLeod began in the Scottish Highlands back in 2011 to offer artists' residency space in the rugged, mountainous terrain that dominates the northwest of the country.
The pair installed their first cabin in a wooded area of the Cairngorms National Park, renting it out to artists looking for an isolated workspace where they could get up close to nature.

通过卡车就能移动的建筑,你没见过吧?第6张图片

Photograph is by Johnny Barrington

第二座建筑则位于苏格兰西海岸的小岛上,而在2014年第三座小屋也应运而生,它的外立面主要由波纹塑料构成。

这座小屋目前位于爱丁堡的苏格兰国家当代艺术展览馆,仍然作为艺术家的专属空间,同时也用于举办一些活动。

A second is installed on the Isle of Eigg off Scotland's west coast, and a third – sheathed in corrugated plastic – followed in 2014.
This bothy, currently set up in the grounds of the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art in Edinburgh, provided an artist's residency space, and continues to host events.

通过卡车就能移动的建筑,你没见过吧?第7张图片

Photograph is by Johnny Barrington

“Artist Bothy”小屋有着两大设计亮点,一是隐蔽的排水系统,二是独特的山墙形态。

在建筑内部,夹层空间位于厨房和起居室的上方,主要用于休息睡眠。一层另一端的木材燃烧炉和中央区域共同围合成了休闲空间。

The Artist Bothy follows the design model of the duo's initial project, with concealed drainage visually maintaining its strong gabled form.
Inside, a mezzanine accessed by a broad ladder offers a wood-lined sleeping space above the kitchen and dining area. The wood-burner and hearth define a lounge at the other end of the floorplan.

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该系列项目的第一座建筑位于Cairngorms国家公园的一片林地之中,这也为“Artists Bothy”的诞生打下基础/The pair installed their first cabin in a wooded area of the Cairngorms National Park, which provides the design model for the Artists Bothy

Niven说:“Bothy系列项目的成功表明了有许多艺术家喜爱我们设计的迷你小屋,同时也表达了艺术家们对大自然的热爱,更进一步说,这也是人们对于假日时光的渴望,他们能够在这些特殊的空间中享受生活。”

“Iain和我曾经共同商讨,该如何直接表达此类建筑的原型特征,除去过分复杂的安装设施与体系,直接还原建筑的功能性与审美原则,最终建造成简约耐用的预制小屋。”

"The success of Bothy Project showed us how much artists benefited from residencies and access to nature in our bothies, and the continuous demand for holiday stays confirmed that everyone, not just artists, benefited from time in these special spaces," said Niven.
"As a result Iain and I sat down to look at how we could improve on the original Inshriach Bothy design and create a prefabricated Bothy, removing the headache of a complex build and install, and taking the ethos of simplicity and functionality even further."

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另外一座小屋则位于爱丁堡的苏格兰国家当代艺术展览馆,是艺术家们的专属空间/One bothy set up in the grounds of the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art in Edinburgh, provided an artist's residency space

“Artist Bothy”小屋卖出后的所得款项仍然用于Bothy项目,但是这座建筑的原型模型仍然会在爱丁堡雕塑工作室(Edinburgh Sculpture Workshop)中展出。

Sales of the Artist Bothy, a prototype of which is on show at the Edinburgh Sculpture Workshop, will fund residency spaces provided through the Bothy Project.

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