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竞赛|纪念碑大道:维持现状/重新开发第1张图片


Monument Avenue: General Demotion/General Devotion

由专筑网缕夕,蒋晖编译

提交日期:2018年12月1日
注册日期:2018年9月15日
语言:英语
地点:美国,弗吉尼亚州,里士满
奖励:请参阅下面的细节
类型:开放型

这个名为“纪念碑大道:维持现状/重新开发”的竞赛,要求参赛者重新认识纪念碑大道:长久以来,它作为具有历史意义的城市林荫大道,以其5.4英里的长度连接着城市的两端,考虑以及它在里士满存在的价值,它在美国历史上的意义以及现今关于公共空间中的联邦雕像的议论。


竞赛内容

为了鼓励里士满城的西部开发,纪念碑大道的原址展示了街道上的一尊联邦将军罗伯特•李(General Robert E. Lee)的雕像,雕像的西面向西延伸成一个绿树成荫的草坪。1890年5月29日,在Lee去世20年后,开发商解开了罗伯特•李(General Robert E. Lee)雕像的面纱。从1900年到1925年,里士满城的建筑迅速增加,成为著名的区域,聚集了国家著名建筑师设计的房屋、教堂和公寓楼。随着西部的发展,Stuart和Davis的雕像在1907年问世,随后1919年的Jackson雕像,1929年的Maury雕像相继出现。

这座城市于1996年建立了Ashe雕像。Arthur Ashe是纪念碑大道的最新雕塑。1965年,在内战一百周年纪念日之后,里士满城计划委员会通过了一项计划,在纪念碑大道上安装另外7个联邦成员雕像。Salvador Dali于1966年提出了修建联邦上尉Sally Louisa Tompkins的雕塑,但这些计划都未能实现。

最近,一系列事件和社会正义运动再次引发关于全国邦联雕像未来的讨论。巴尔的摩(Baltimore)和新奥尔良(New Orleans)最近从公园和街道上移除了雕像。夏洛茨维尔(Charlottesville)正在讨论其同盟雕像的未来。全国各地的城镇正在努力发挥历史和公共艺术的作用。在联邦的前首都有这样一个机会——建立一个建设性的公民讨论模型,以解决大道历史,社会正义,公共艺术和规划等复杂问题。


设计构想

最近的讨论和辩论集中于四个主要的策略,发展纪念碑大道。
1、里士满市和弗吉尼亚联邦政府应该维持纪念碑大道的现状。一些人认为,纪念碑大道是里士满历史上的一个重要的历史见证,应该保留下来。
2、邦联的雕像需要内容故事。人们认为,这一背景将使南部联盟的角色和在里士满、弗吉尼亚州和美国历史上的战士成为不朽的人物。
3、在保持现有雕像的同时,在纪念碑大道5.4英里的地方建造更多的雕像。
4、移除所有或部分同盟雕像。一些人认为,邦联的雕像应该被摧毁,搬到博物馆或历史公园,回到最初资助他们建造的组织,或者存放在仓库里。

虽然这些战略经常提及到,但我们相信,这些战略混合在一起时,以及那些尚未形成的想法,能更好地解决纪念碑大道提出的问题和机遇。

纪念碑大道:维持现状/重新开发,是一个全国性的设计竞赛,促进关于纪念碑大道的未来的建设性讨论。好的设计有能力在传统设计的不足之处提供细致的、多层次的、混合的建筑环境的表达。设计可以调解解决焦点对话和辩论的解决方案。


竞赛的概述

社区设计的店面和VCUarts的mObstudiO宣布正式开始“纪念碑大道”竞赛,这是一个国际性的设计竞赛,重新考虑位于弗吉尼亚州里士满的纪念碑大道。店面和mObstudio邀请建筑师、景观设计师、规划师、设计师、艺术家和个人,为这场关于种族、记忆、城市景观和公共艺术的重要对话做出贡献。报名截止日期为2018年9月15日,作品提交截止日期为2018年12月1日。将于2019年2月14日举办一场作品展览。


时间安排

注册开始时间:2018年4月
官方回答线上提问时间:2018年4月——9月 15日
注册结束时间:2018年9月15日。如果参赛者在9月15日之前没有注册,作品将不参与评审。
作品提交截止时间:2018年12月1日
竞赛参赛作品展时间:2019年2月14日,在弗吉尼亚州里士满举行,以及线上展示参赛作品。
展览结束时间:2019年11月20日,并公布评选结果和最佳人气奖。


奖励

将于2019年12月1日展览会闭幕时公布。

竞赛举办支持组织
Storefront for Community Design
mObstudiO, Virginia Commonwealth University
The Valentine
The NEA Artworks

竞赛网站:http://monumentavenuegdgd.com/

Submission: December 01, 2018
Registration: September 15, 2018
Language: English
Location: Richmond, Virginia, USA
Prizes: Please see details below
Type: Open

The competition, called Monument Avenue: General Demotion/General Devotion, asks participants to reconsider Monument Avenue: its role as an historic urban boulevard, its viability as a 5.4 mile interurban connector, its presence in Richmond given the city’s emergence as a diverse and progressive city, its significance in the history of the United States and in the current debate about Confederate statues in public spaces.

Context
Designed to encourage the westward development of the City of Richmond, the original drawing of Monument Avenue showed a street accomodating a statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee and extending west with a tree-lined grassy median. Developers unveiled the Lee statue on May 29, 1890, twenty years after Lee’s death. Building rapidly increased on Monument Avenue from 1900 to 1925 as prominent regional and national architects designed houses, churches and apartment buildings. As development extended west, the Stuart and Davis statues were erected in 1907, the Jackson statue in 1919, the Maury statue in 1929.
The city erected the Ashe statue in 1996. Arthur Ashe remains the most recent addition to Monument Avenue. In 1965, on the heels of the Civil War Centennial, the Richmond Planning commission endorsed a plan to install seven additional Confederate statues on Monument Avenue. Salvador Dali proposed a sculpture of Confederate Captain Sally Louisa Tompkins in 1966. Neither of these plans came to fruition.
Recently a series of incidents and social justice movements have reignited discussions about the future of Confederate statues around the country. Baltimore and New Orleans have recently removed statues from public parks and streets. Charlottesville is in the midst of debate about the future of its Confederate statuary. Cities and towns nationwide are grappling with the role of historic and public art. There is an opportunity, in what is the former capital of the Confederacy, to establish a model for constructive civic discussion to engage the complex issues of the Avenue’s history, social justice, public art and planning.

Design Vision
Recent discussion and debate have focused on four primary strategies for the evolution of Monument Avenue.
1. The City of Richmond and the Commonwealth of Virginia should maintain the status quo on Monument Avenue. Some argue that Monument Avenue is a significant artifact of Richmond history and should be preserved as it stands.
2. The Confederate statues need context. Some argue that context that would frame the roles of the Confederacy and the men immortalized in the statuary as players in Richmond’s, Virginia’s and the nation’s history.
3. Create more statues along the 5.4-mile length of Monument Avenue while leaving the existing statuary.
4. The removal of all or some of the Confederate statuary. Some argue that the Confederate statues should be destroyed, moved to a museum or historic park, returned to the organizations that originally funded their construction, or placed in storage.
While these strategies are most often discussed, we are confident that there are hybrids of these strategies and as yet unformulated ideas to address the issues and opportunities presented by Monument Avenue.
Monument Avenue: General Devotion/General Demotion is a national design ideas competition intended to facilitate constructive discussion about the future of Monument Avenue. Good design has the power to offer nuanced, multi-layered and hybridized representation of the built environment in places where conventional discussion has failed. Design can mediate solutions that focus dialogue and debate.

Competition Overview
The Storefront for Community Design and the mObstudiO of VCUarts announce the opening of Monument Avenue: General Demotion/General Devotion an international ideas competition to reimagine Monument Avenue in Richmond, Virginia. Storefront and the mObstudio invite architects, landscape architects, planners, designers, artists and individuals, to contribute to this important dialogue about race, memory, the urban landscape and public art. Registration will remain open until September 15, 2018, with submissions due on December 1, 2018. The Valentine will host an exhibition of entries, opening on February 14, 2019.

Timeline
April 2018 Registration opens
April, 2018–Sept. 15, 2018 Responses to questions on website
September 15, 2018 Registration closes. No entries will be judged if they are not registered by September 15
December 1, 2018 Competitions entries due
February 14, 2019 Exhibition of competition Entries Opens at the Valentine, Richmond, VA and entries available online
November 20, 2019 Closing reception and announcement of jurors’ selections and People’s Choice

Award
December 1, 2019 Exhibition closes

Competition Partners
Storefront for Community Design
mObstudiO, Virginia Commonwealth University
The Valentine
The NEA Artworks

competition’s website: http://monumentavenuegdgd.com/


出处:本文译自competitions.archi/,转载请注明出处。

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