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撒哈拉沙漠边的机场,散发浓郁的摩洛哥风情第1张图片

Guelpe3Architectes为Guelmim机场设计了用穿孔板包裹的表皮
Groupe3Architectes wraps Guelmim Airport in a skin of multihued perforated panels

由专筑网缕夕,邢子编译

Groupe3Architectes完成了摩洛哥Guelmim的一个机场设计,其建筑特点是由彩色金属穿孔板组成的外立面。

Groupe3Architectes has completed an airport for the city of Guelmim, in Morocco, featuring a light-filtering facade made up of panels of multicoloured metal-mesh.

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这座由Guelpe3Architectes设计的机场位于摩洛哥Guelmim北部三公里处的现有军事基地。

由于Guelmim位于撒哈拉沙漠西北边,南部临近阿特拉斯山脉,因此也通常被称为通往沙漠的必经之地。

The airport designed by the Rabat-based architecture office, is located on the site of an existing military base around three kilometres north of Guelmim, in southwest Morocco.
The city is often referred to as the gateway to the desert, due to its position in the southern Anti-Atlas Mountains near the northwestern edge of the Sahara.

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机场设计的关键标准是简单、高效、与环境协调和较长的使用寿命,这些需求汇聚成一个在必要时可以进行扩建的设计。

“该项目的主要问题是需要充足的光线和自然通风,以减少使用昂贵的技术设备。”建筑师解释说,“同时优化周围景观,这为游客的出发、到达和工作人员的工作提供了良好的环境氛围。”

The key criteria for the airport's design were simplicity, efficiency, environmental control and longevity, which was achieved by developing a proposal that can expand if required.
"The main issue of the project was providing the maximum amount of natural light and ventilation to avoid expensive technical equipments," the architects explained, "while optimising the view of the surrounding landscape, which facilitates movement and flow of the building’s users."

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机场布置成平行于跑道延伸的线路,并分两期建造。

首先完成的是旅客到达区,后在两端加建自由贸易区和免税区。

The airport is arranged in a line that extends parallel to the runways and was constructed in two phases.
The terminal was completed first and was later joined by a pair of lower structures at either end accommodating a free-trade zone and duty-free area.

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航站楼包括两层高的大厅,其中有登机区、候机室、海关和行李提取处。

机场的公共区域通过大窗户朝向一侧的景观和另一侧的跑道。

The terminal building comprises two double-height halls containing the check-in areas, departure lounges, customs and baggage reclaim.
The airport's public areas look out through large windows towards the landscape on one side and the runways on the other.

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悬挂在建筑物外围的彩色穿孔板搭配玻璃幕墙成为建筑的外表皮,将沙漠毒辣的太阳光线过滤减弱。

穿孔板的颜色是互补色,共同完成拼接效果,呼应该地区的传统装饰风格。

The expansive glazed surfaces are shielded from the harsh desert sun by a screen made from coloured metal panels that are suspended around the perimeter of the building.
The metal surfaces are finished in a range of complementary colours to create a patchwork effect that is intended to recall the region's traditional decorative styles.

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穿孔板根据幕墙的长度偏移,这有助于通过引入光和影的动态模式来打破结构的视觉效果。

沿着旅客抵达区的结构支撑将一部分屋顶拆除,形成一个大型天井,上面放置了张拉的遮阳板,使光线能够进入建筑物的中心区域。

摄影:Fernando Guerra

The panels are offset across the length of the facades, which helps to break up the visual mass of the structure by introducing a dynamic pattern of light and shadow.
A section of the roof running along the spine of the terminal was removed to create a large patio topped with tensile sun shades, which enables daylight to flood into the building's central areas.
Photography is by Fernando Guerra.

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项目信息:
建筑事务所:Groupe3Architectes
主持建筑师:Omar Tijani and Skander Amine
项目经理:Vincent Missemer
景观设计:Atelier Bertand Houin


Project credits:
Architecture firm: Groupe3Architectes
Lead architects: Omar Tijani and Skander Amine
Project manager: Vincent Missemer
Landscape: Atelier Bertand Houin

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