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这样的公共空间让古老城镇又焕发青春!第1张图片

HarrisonStevens事务所设计的Holyrood North项目
The Holyrood North by HarrisonStevens

由专筑网王帅,李韧编译

HarrisonStevens事务所的描述:Holyrood North项目是一项独特的建筑改造工程,它位于历史悠久的城市之中,同时回应了当代生活。

HarrisonStevens: The Holyrood North project is a unique placemaking and regeneration project imbedded into the historic city grain, while accommodating and responding to contemporary life.

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概念|愿景

为了满足来爱丁堡大学学习的研究生和海外留学生的需求,Holyrood North项目应运而生。建筑师在全球环境的背景下,运用具有当地历史特征的手法来构思了设计方案。

Concept | The Vision
The Holyrood North Project was developed to meet an unprecedented demand for postgraduate and overseas students travelling to study at the University of Edinburgh. This demand was conceived to be met through a unique, locally sensitive and historically contextual response that is of global significance.

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项目背景|地方语境与国际意义

在联合国教科文组织(UNESCO)的世界遗产名单内,爱丁堡的古老城镇是标志性的城市景观。在密集的城市环境中,自然光便显得很有价值。老城区内狭小和开阔空间中光与影相互辉映,为城市形态发展所依赖的空间品质做出重要贡献。而公共领域反过来又通过适当的形式、空间和植被来应对这种气候、面貌和色彩。
   
Context | Local Context & International Significance
Within an UNESCO world heritage site, the old town of Edinburgh is an iconic city scape. Natural light is a valuable design component in such a dense urban environment. The relationship between light and dark through confined and open space within the old town is a key contributor to the spatial quality that the developed urban form draws on. The public realm in turn responds to this climate, aspect and colour through appropriate form, materiality and planting.

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光线增强了人们的期待感,吸引人们进入空间。尺度上的对比和光影特征对项目的设计起到了启发作用。在建筑中结合了当地地标建筑、自然场景等特征,城市的意向在人们的心中不断被唤起。

The light enhances the sense of anticipation, drawing people into spaces & down closes. This contrast of scale and unexpected light enlightens our experience of the old town and this development in equal measure. The constant reference of glimpse views between buildings towards familiar Edinburgh landmarks, the Salisbury Crags or the original historic built form, provide constant reminders and comfort of context and orientation.

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结合周边的环境和城市景观,建筑师从亚瑟山脉(Arthur’s Seat)和索尔兹伯里峭壁(Salisbury Crags)附近的火山景观中汲取灵感与色彩。地质学和地貌学的统一概念贯穿在各种公共领域之中,使遗址在广阔的旧城中独树一帜。

Taking inspiration from the adjacent volcanic landscape of Arthur’s Seat and Salisbury Crags, the palette of materials, both underfoot and on buildings, is informed by both the immediate context and the desire to create this unique new urban landscape. A unifying concept of geology and geomorphology is played out across various public realm elements giving the site its own identity within the wider Old Town context.

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这样的公共空间让古老城镇又焕发青春!第8张图片

设计|城市背景和特征

园区是一片“棕色地带”,人们从中难以穿行,这个项目有很多路线,从Royal Mile到Holyrood Road都充满景观和城市渗透性。项目基地地势较低,低于城市地坪约2层楼的高度,因此空间、流线、功能分区较为复杂。并且南北邻近的社区和正在进行的开发项目都有着高质量的公共领域。

Design | City Context and Identity

The campus was a ‘brownfield’ site, an impenetrable city quarter that this project has punctuated by a multitude of routes, views and permeability from the Royal Mile to Holyrood Road. The steeply sloping site, dropping over 2 storey’s across a city block demanded an intricate weave of spaces, pedestrian routes along with entry thresholds, delivery & maintenance access. The adjacent communities and ongoing development both north and south of the site now traverse through the completed high-quality public realm.

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老城的特色庄稼和陡峭的台阶对于现代化设施是较大的干扰。建筑师通过提供平缓的公共领域,最大限度地利用了综合设施,减少了杂乱的程度。同时家具及城市小品的设计也非常简单,垃圾通过地下或内部商店回收,有效地制止了垃圾的泛滥。

This characteristically tight grain and steeply stepped site of the old town did significantly challenge the external environments’ ability to deliver a modern student facility. The design solutions capitalised by delivering a slow-flow, shared surface, and public realm that maximises use and integrated facilities to reduce clutter. Furniture is kept to a minimum, and waste collection facilitated by subterranean or internal stores to prevent the street level proliferation of wheelie-bins.

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交付|寿命周期成本和资源意识设计

在公共领域和共享空间中,寿命周期成本对稳健的细节、务实的设计解决方案和材料选择至关重要。核心的设计概念促进了材料的选择和细部的设计,同时能够应对地形的不断变化。而空间大规模的整合也提升了项目整体利用率,满足人们的各项需求。

在一些标高转换的空间,建筑师设计了座位元素。当台阶形成时,其宽度会产生一定的变化,形成座位和集会场所,从而通过城市形态为人们提供社交区域。

Delivery | Life Cycle costing and Resource Conscious Design
Within the public realm and wider shared surface spaces, life-cycle costing was a critical influence on the robust detailing, pragmatic design solutions and material choices. The core concept has guided the material choices and detailing set to be tested by intensive use over a challenging terrain. The integrated design of large level changes has amplified the need for efficient use of resources. Where walls are needed, to facilitate level changes, they are programmed to include a seating element, where steps traverse a route, they are appropriately scaled to support incidental seating and congregation, affording a sunny aspect or an inspiring glimpsed view through the urban form.

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在该项目中,建筑师直接运用了当地的材料。在当地石匠的努力下,这些材料为道路和其他外部元素提供强有力的城市背景,同时形成Holyrood Road一侧具有现代气息的边界墙体。

The re-use of site-won materials for the significant public realm walling was a key consideration identified early in the scheme. The down takings where subsequently carefully removed from site and stored. Working with a local stone mason it re-purposed to provide the supporting context to the paving and other external elements and celebrated at the front of the site with the contemporary interpretation of the boundary walling to Holyrood Road.

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种植和生物多样性|颜色和肌理

在设计过程中,建筑师与生态学家进行了沟通,确保有效地增加当地的生物多样性,提升城市环境的生态效益。此外,种植景观的后续维护由被动灌溉系统来解决,该系统使用人工蓄水层将硬质路面的水流吸收,然后由周边的植被和土壤重复利用。这些植物都能接收到充足的光线与降水,大面积的绿色屋顶系统整合了整个生态网络。

Planting and Biodiversity | Colour and texture
Our design ecologist was extensively consulted to ensure local biodiversity target species were effectively provided for, to increase the ecological benefit to the urban context. Furthermore, the onward maintenance burden of the planted landscape is considered with a passive irrigation system allowing hard surface run-off to be captured in artificial aquifers to then be reused by adjacent planting beds and soil volumes. These plantings are confined and not forced into areas that will have restricted light / rainfall. Extensive green roof systems integrate the habitat networks across the site.

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设计事务所:HarrisonStevens景观建筑&城市设计
负责工作:公共区域设计、景观设计
参与设计公司:Oberlanders建筑事务所, JM建筑事务所
项目位置:爱丁堡
设计时间:2012年
完工时间:2016年

Office name: HarrisonStevens Landscape Architecture & Urban Design
Role in the project: Public Realm Design Lead, Landscape Architect
Website: www.HarrisonStevens.co.uk
Other design firms involved: Oberlanders Architects, JM Architects
Project location: Holyrood, Edinburgh
Design year: 2012
Year Built: 2016

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