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科幻小说中飞行器的时代即将到来?第1张图片


航空公司Volerian 在范堡罗(Farnborough)航展上最安静、安全的飞行车
Volerian, the quietest and safest flying car at Farnborough Airshow

由专筑网李佳琪,李韧编译

航空公司Volerian在2018年范堡罗航空展(Farnborough International Airshow )上展示了其新研发的技术,提出了一种避免噪音和危险状况的飞机推进技术方案。此次的创新使具有革命性的新型飞行器成为可能,它有着安全、无噪声且经济的特点,这些特征在传统的风扇或螺旋桨飞行中无法实现。

The aeronautical company Volerian proposes a solution to the noisy and dangerous aircraft propulsive technologies presenting its newly-developed system at Farnborough International Airshow 2018. The unprecedented safety, quietness, and economy of the innovation enable a revolutionary new class of flying vehicles with characteristics that are unattainable with conventional fans or propellers.

科幻小说中飞行器的时代即将到来?第2张图片

其飞行速度较快,时间较短,同时成本较低/Ride-hailing will enable convenient aerial transport at short notice, anywhere and at low cost

与使用螺旋桨或常规扇叶的私人航空运输系统相比,Volrian的新推进系统振动翼长度和整个阵列区域的能量分布更大,因此更安静、安全。移动部件几乎无法接近,从某种程度上来说,如果真的有人撞到这个阵列上,也不会受伤。

Volerian’s new propulsion system is much quieter and safer than the personal air transportation that uses propellers or conventional fan, because of the greater distribution of energy down the length of the oscillating wing and across the whole area of the array. The moving parts are almost inaccessible, to the extent that, in case someone actually fells onto the array, they remain unhurt.

科幻小说中飞行器的时代即将到来?第3张图片

这种设计创造了“偏转推力”系统,将气流旋转90度,从而提供VTOL/Flaps on this longer range design create a ‘deflected thrust’ system, turning the airflow 90 degrees to provide VTOL

研究人员近期正在研究一项新功能,希望让机翼可以在没有动力的下降过程中保持运转,这样产生的阻力就会使它像降落伞一样,从而不会“从天空中直接掉落”。Volerian的城市飞机概念设计的面积将与一辆大型汽车大致相同,并且可以像汽车一样在多种情况下使用。新系统的效率与螺旋桨相同,设置能够有更加出色的表现。

Work is being carried out to allow the wings to flap in an unpowered descent so that the drag created would cause the array to act like a parachute, preventing it from ‘falling out of the sky’. The area of Volerian’s single seat urban aircraft concept will be roughly the same footprint as a large car and will be able to be used in any situation where a car can be used and more. The efficiency of the system is as good as a propeller and the final design is likely to be better.

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“大阵列”Volerian 私人飞行器非常适合城市交通和通勤/A ‘large array’ Volerian personal air vehicle is well adapted for urban transport and commuting

设计团队解释说:“推进系统的几何结构和基本操作已经基本完成,单座私人飞机的开发也将很快开始。碳纤维能够有效地减轻重量,而这种大规模制造技术将有助于降低成本。”

‘Work on the propulsion system geometry and basic operation is largely complete and the development of the single seat personal aircraft will soon begin,’ explains the design team. ‘Carbon fiber will be used to bring the weight down, while mass manufacturing techniques, such as pultrusion, will help keep costs down.’

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电池和电动机的使用不仅使系统在某些电机或机翼失灵时有足够的能量,同时还满足环境友好性能/The use of batteries and electric motors not only gives the system greater redundancy if some of the motors or wings fail, but it also makes the aircraft very environmentally friendly

科幻小说中飞行器的时代即将到来?第6张图片

第一辆科幻小说型飞车正在开发中/The first flying car to really live up to the expectations of science fiction is now under development

科幻小说中飞行器的时代即将到来?第7张图片

居住地点将不再被交通基础设施或附近的设施所限制/Living locations will no longer be tied to set transport infrastructure or nearby amenities

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快速、远程飞机的概念,将管道与运作的机翼放置在一起/Fast, long-range aircraft concepts can be designed with the ducted, flapping wings built into a conventional wing

科幻小说中飞行器的时代即将到来?第9张图片

电动VTOL飞机只需要少量地面基础设施,并且可以快速飞行,不受交通拥堵的困扰/Electric VTOL aircraft require very little infrastructure on the ground and can reliably and quickly travel anywhere without the problems of congestion or traffic jams that plague ground cars

科幻小说中飞行器的时代即将到来?第10张图片

在推进飞行时,导流风扇会由于导管边缘处的气流而产生一定问题,但就Volerian来说,由于与飞行方向一致,那么空气便能直接穿过/Ducted fans have control and thrust problems arising from airflow at the duct lip in forwarding flight but Volerian’s array, aligned with the direction of flight, allows air to flow straight through

科幻小说中飞行器的时代即将到来?第11张图片

该推进系统可适应不同类型的飞机,也可以使用不同版本的飞行机翼/The propulsion system can be adapted to different types of aircraft and sizes, including the use of different versions for specific parts of the flight profile

科幻小说中飞行器的时代即将到来?第12张图片

像螺旋桨一样,该系统可以在常规飞机上使用,具有更高的推进效率、更少的噪音和危险状况/Like a propeller, the system can be used on a conventional aircraft with the added benefits of a higher propulsive efficiency, less noise, and less danger

科幻小说中飞行器的时代即将到来?第13张图片

Volerian推进系统的基础是一组带有定子叶片的振荡机翼阵列,安装在特殊形状的管道中/The basis of Volerian’s propulsion system is an array of oscillating wings, with stator vanes, set into specially shaped ducts

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