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五件可持续北欧风格的椅子
Five most sustainable Nordic chairs named

由专筑网王帅,曹逸希编译

由海藻和回收的茶蜡制成的椅子是北欧椅子设计竞赛的获奖作品之一。该竞赛是有史以来第一次致力于设计可持续椅子的比赛。

比赛名为“北欧设计竞赛:可持续的座椅”,该竞赛旨在欧洲斯堪的纳维亚半岛推出智能化气候家具。

评审团将会从瑞典、丹麦、芬兰、挪威和冰岛这五个北欧国家选出初选作品,每个国家最多选出10件入围。之后再从每个国家初选的十件作品中选出一件作品作为该国家的获胜作品。

Chairs made from seaweed and recycled tea lights are among those crowned winners of the first ever competition dedicated to sustainable Nordic chair design.
The contest, titled Nordic Design Competition: Sustainable Chairs, was launched to promote the production of climate-smart furniture in Scandinavia.
A maximum of ten works from each of the Nordic countries – Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Norway and Iceland – were shortlisted in the first part of the jury process. Of these ten, one winner was chosen from each country.

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芬兰的Samuli Naamanka使用传统和现代技术制作了Clash 331型椅子/Finland's Samuli Naamanka made the Clash 331 chair using a mix of traditional and modern techniques

瑞典评审团选出David Ericsson的完全可回收的Petite椅子作为他们国家的获胜作品。评审专家称赞它的轻巧落叶木材设计“资源效率高”且“低碳”。

Nikolaj Thrane Carlsen夺得丹麦的桂冠,他的椅子是用海藻制成的,其灵感来源于在丹麦Læsø发现的海藻屋顶,Coastal家居座椅的椅面由100%可生物降解的海藻复合材料制成。

The Swedish jury selected David Ericsson's completely recyclable Petite chair as its country's winner. The judges applauded its lightweight deciduous timber design for being "extremely resource efficient" and having a "low CO2 footprint".
Nikolaj Thrane Carlsen won the Danish category with his chair made from seaweed. Inspired by the seaweed roofs found on Læsø in Denmark, the shell of The Coastal Furniture chair is made of a 100 per cent biodegradable seaweed composite.

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Sölvi Kristjánsson从废弃的茶蜡中回收铝,设计出Kallhrif凳子/Sölvi Kristjánsson recycled aluminium taken from discarded tea lights to create the Kollhrif stool

Peter Opsvik的HÅG Capisco椅子赢得挪威国家组的大奖,该椅子由可循环再造材料制成,其中百分之五十是可循环使用的塑料。这款经典办公椅最初在三十多年前推出,多年来,它根据用户的反馈,一直在不断更新和完善。

Sölvi Kristjánsson赢得了冰岛的冠军。他从14,400盏废弃的茶蜡内回收了铝,再加上回收的废软木,制作了这把Kollhrif凳子。这把凳子旨在提高冰岛人民对回收铝利用的认识。

Samuli Naamanka设计的Clash 331凳子赢得芬兰陪审团的青睐,这把凳子制造于芬兰拉赫蒂,其美观耐用的设计采用了传统木工技术和现代生产方法。椅面安装在带有棱角的腿上,腿是由漆过的芬兰实木制成的。

Made of recyclable materials, of which 50 per cent are recycled post-consumer plastics, Peter Opsvik's HÅG Capisco chair won the Norwegian category. Although originally launched over thirty years ago, the classic office chair has been constantly updated and refined over the years according to users' feedback.
Sölvi Kristjánsson recycled scrap cork and aluminium taken from 14,400 discarded tea lights to create the Kollhrif stool which won the Icelandic category. The stool was designed to create awareness about recycling aluminium in Iceland.
The Clash 331 chair by Samuli Naamanka won over the Finnish jury with its "beautiful and durable design" that is made exclusively in Lahti, Finland using both old woodworking techniques and modern methods of production. The chair's ash seat sits on angular legs that are made from lacquered solid Finnish certified wood.

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Peter Opsvik的作品HÅG Capisco是对经典办公椅的升级,获挪威组大奖/Peter Opsvik's update of a classic office chair, HÅG Capisco, won the Norwegian category

比赛于2018年9月开始,当时北欧部长理事会(Nordic Council of Ministers)向北欧国家的设计师发出呼吁“用全新的眼光看待你当前的作品,并从可持续性的角度来审视它。”

获奖设计将在12月份在波兰卡托维兹举行的联合国气候变化会议(COP 24)上的北欧馆进行展览。峰会之后,这些椅子将移至哥本哈根的Designwerk,在那里展出一年。

这五把椅子还会由一名研究员进行评估,将其纳入联合国17项可持续发展目标之中。

比赛是由 Svensk Form策划,该组织为非营利组织,他们与北欧部长理事会及其国际形象项目“北欧人”合作。共同致力于促进瑞典的工艺和设计。

在每个国家推广设计的组织也参与这次活动,例如 DOGA(挪威设计与建筑),DDC (丹麦设计中心),冰岛设计中心,芬兰设计协会(Ornamo Art )与芬兰设计(Design Finland)。

The competition was announced in September 2018 when the Nordic Council of Ministers put out a call to designers across the Nordic countries to "look at your current portfolio with fresh eyes and check it out from a sustainability perspective."
The winning designs will be presented in December at the Nordic pavilion during the UN's Climate Change Conference COP24 in Katowice, Poland. After the Summit, the chairs will be moved to Designwerk in Copenhagen where they will be displayed for a year.
The five chairs will also be assessed by a researcher, who will reflect on their relation to the 17 UN sustainable development goals.
The competition has been arranged by Svensk Form, a non-profit organisation that promotes Swedish craft and design, in collaboration with the Nordic Council of Ministers and its international profiling project, The Nordics.
Organisations promoting design in each country were also involved, including DOGA (Design and Architecture Norway), DDC (Dansk Design Centre), Iceland Design Centre and Ornamo Art and Design Finland.

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David Ericsson的可循环Petite椅子赢得瑞典组的大奖/David Ericsson's completely recyclable Petite chair won the Swedish prize

The Nordics品牌的经理兼北欧部长理事会成员Tobias Grut表示:“全球对可持续性的认识正在迅速影响着客户的需求。在未来,我们将需要更少的消费,更少的制造,更少的东西。取而代之的是更多的循环思维,更全面的生产以及更周到的行动。”

他说:“我们已经以一种真正民主的方式接触到所有北欧设计师参加竞争,而不仅仅是老牌公司和生产商。”

Dezeen网站将于本月晚些时候在伦敦举行的颁奖典礼上宣布获奖者。获奖项目将包含围绕社会影响和可持续性的积极思考。评审标准已非常完善,确保获奖项目不仅美观和创新,同时也使用户和环境受益。

"The global awareness of sustainability is rapidly affecting customer demands," said Tobias Grut, Brand Manager for The Nordics, Nordic Council of Ministers. "In the future, we will need less consumption, less manufacture, less stuff – more circular thinking, more holistic production and more considerate action."
"In a truly democratic way, we have reached out to all Nordic designers to take part in the competition, not just established companies and producers," he continued.
Dezeen will announce the winners of its own Dezeen Awards at a ceremony in London later this month where winning projects will incorporate positive thinking around social impact and sustainability. Judging criteria have been carefully considered to ensure that the winning projects are not only beautiful and innovative but also strive to benefit users and the environment.

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