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宜动宜静的公共空间,拥抱全新的城市第1张图片


Mikhailovskaya路堤
Mikhailovskaya Embankment / Strelka KB + Adaptik-A

由专筑网李韧,王雪纯编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:新西伯利亚是西伯利亚地区的中心地段,也是俄罗斯最大的城市,有着超过100万的人口。这里集结了俄罗斯的传统与现代产业,但是被Ob河与Mikhailovskaya路堤一分为二。该路堤由两个部分的退台公园所组成,中间分隔着交通桥体,整个区域的组成元素是河流、河流港口,以及主要道路。在2018年,Strelka KB专家团队、Strelka Architects事务所、新西伯利亚建筑当局Adaptik-A共同合作构思了该项目,这个项目由新西伯利亚城市议会投资,结合了装船的概念,成为了城市中心区的最大亮点。

Text description provided by the architects. Novosibirsk, the heart of Siberia, is one of Russia’s largest cities, with a population of more than 1 million. This meeting point of Russian traditions and modern industrial prowess is bisected by the Ob River and alongside it, the Mikhailovskaya Embankment. The embankment is a two-part terrace park, divided by transit bridges, and the whole territory is delineated by the river, a river cargo port, and a major highway. In 2018 Strelka KB’s expert team, together with Strelka Architects and Novosibirsk architectural bureau Adaptik-A, supported by Novosibirsk City Council, rethought the concept of the embarkment and created a center of attraction for one of Siberia’s largest cities.

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Mikhailovskaya路堤的设计目的是为城市居民与游客提供休闲放松的场所。因此建筑师将路堤分为两个区域,分别是静区与动区,静区让人们休闲放松,而动区则让人们在此活动,这些活动包含了新西伯利亚125周年庆典以及2018年世界杯。

The Mikhailovskaya Embankment was designed to create new leisure opportunities both for Novosibirsk residents and visitors to the city. This was to be accomplished by creating a functional division of the embankment into quiet and active zones, with the former providing opportunities for calm relaxation, while the latter serves as a venue for major events, from Novosibirsk’s 125th anniversary celebration to the 2018 World Cup.

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步行廊道临水而建,有着步行区、休闲区、自行车停车区,另外建筑师还大大改善了照明系统。建筑师保留了沿着路堤的所有绿色植物,同时还种植了苹果树与菩提树。新设计的廊道更加便捷,包容性也更高,建筑师沿着廊道设置了人行道与非机动车道,同时还为特殊群体设置了道路标记体系。

The main promenade along the water now features a pedestrian zone, leisure area, and bicycle parking, and lighting has been vastly improved. All of the existing greenery along the embankment was preserved, while apple and linden trees were added. The promenade was made accessible and inclusive, as well: a bike path with pedestrian crossings was organized along the footpath, and road markings for the visually impaired were added.

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活动区域有着大型平台,主要用于举办各项当地与国家的活动,例如2018年世界杯的举办。路堤常常成为城市主要体育与社区活动的场所。另外,这一临水的特殊运动与休闲场所现在已经成为最受新西伯利亚大众居民欢迎的场所。

The active zone now features a large stage for holding major local and national events, such as the fan zone for the 2018 World Cup. The embankment is now frequently used as a venue for major sporting and community events in the city. In addition, a unique sports and recreation zone near the reservoir has become a point of attraction for hundreds of Novosibirsk’s most active residents.

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在通往露台的楼梯上,建筑师设置了木制平台,以便于路堤在音乐会等盛事期间容纳更多观众。其中的设计概念包含为咖啡厅、零售亭、运动设备租赁站所设计的模板。

On the stairs leading to the stage, wooden planking was installed which can accommodate thousands during concerts and other events. The design concept includes templates for cafes, kiosks, and sports equipment rental stands.

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下方步道与中间层的不同步道连接在一起,比如其中一条“印象小道”,为游客们带来各式各样的活动,其中有儿童探索区、骑行区、绿色剧院,另外还有着河景舞池。

The lower promenade was connected with the others with various mid-level footpaths. One of them, a “path of impressions, ”features different types of activities for visitors, with a children’s discovery area, bike path, and even a “green theater,” featuring a dance floor with a river view.

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静区由5个圆形“空间”组成,每个空间都旨在刺激某种感官,其中包括视觉、听觉、味觉、嗅觉,以及触觉。这些感觉由每个空间的不同图案锁激发。例如在“触觉”亭的周围种植了多种多样的绿色植物,其中有柔软的绿叶,还有板状叶片植物。

The quiet zone is made up of five round “rooms,” each stimulating one of the five senses: sight, sound, taste, smell and touch. These senses are each evoked through a pattern on the surface of each room. Around the perimeter of the “touch” pavilion, new greenery with different textures was planted: lungworts, with their soft and fluffy leaves; and mahonias, with platelike leaves.

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中央廊道是儿童活动区和运动区,为孩子们提供不同层次的玩耍区域。上下两个楼层通过斜坡相连接,另外还为使用者提供了多种类型的照明设施。值得特别注意的是,路堤沿岸还种植有100棵树木。

On the middle promenade, an inclusive children’s playground and sports zone provide low-pressure opportunities for children of different levels of ability to play together. The upper and lower levels are connected by a gently-sloped ramp, and multiple types of lighting instruments provide variety and visibility for all visitors. Special attention was devoted to lighting the nearly 100 new trees along the embankment.

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Strelka KB的城市人类研究中心对此进行了研究,从而了解新西伯利亚在不同媒体镜头下的不同反应,这些镜头包含有游客与当地人的活动画面。在项目开始前,研究人员进行了为期12个月的摄影照片的调查,以此了解原有空间的关系,并且这也成为了当地媒体的分析成果。研究的结果是,户外的照片数量增加了20%,其中当地居民比起游客会更加享受这些空间,在其中大约21%的照片拍摄于世界杯期间,大多数的媒体活动都来源城市庆典。另外,73%的照片由当地居民公布,这说明他们已经准备好拥抱全新的新西伯利亚。

Along with, Strelka KB’s Center for Urban Anthropology conducted studies to see how Novosibirsk was reflected in social media photographs, in shots taken both by locals and by visitors. Photos taken over the 12 months before the beginning of development were used to understand users’ relationships to the spaces before their redesign and as a control for the analysis of the resulting spaces’ social media presence. The results were impressive: the number of photos taken outdoors grew by 20% as a result. Local residents benefited even more than tourists: though 21% of photos were taken on the days of World Cup matches, the majority of social media activity came from City Day celebrations, and 73% of photos were posted by residents — showing that they were equally ready to embrace a new side of Novosibirsk.

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新西伯利亚的Mikhailovskaya路堤由城市未来项目机构开发,由Strelka KB、DOM.RF、俄罗斯联邦建设住房公共部门合作组织。

The Mikhailovskaya Embankment in Novosibirsk was developed as part of the Future Cities program, organized by Strelka KB in cooperation with DOM.RF and the Ministry of Construction, Housing, and Utilities of the Russian Federation.

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建筑设计:Adaptik-A, Strelka KB
地点:俄罗斯,新西伯利亚州
类别:公共空间
主创建筑师:Strelka KB: Daliya Safiullina, Mikhail Dzhikhvariya, Khlebnikov Daniil, Jezi Stankevic, Olga Deribas, Ariana Melkonyan, Alexandra Onipko. Adaptik-A: Pavel Nosarev, Igor Karnaukhov, Alexey Karnaukhov, Aleksandra Arkhipova, Svetlana Gizhitskaya
合作方:Bruno Baietto
面积:81400.0 m2
项目时间:2018年
摄影:Strelka KB

Architects: Adaptik-A, Strelka KB
Location: Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia
Category: Public Space
Lead Architects: Strelka KB: Daliya Safiullina, Mikhail Dzhikhvariya, Khlebnikov Daniil, Jezi Stankevic, Olga Deribas, Ariana Melkonyan, Alexandra Onipko. Adaptik-A: Pavel Nosarev, Igor Karnaukhov, Alexey Karnaukhov, Aleksandra Arkhipova, Svetlana Gizhitskaya
Collaborators: Bruno Baietto
Area: 81400.0 m2
Project Year: 2018
Photographs: Strelka KB

        
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