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什么色彩最具活力?这座建筑告诉你答案--明黄色第1张图片


巴西法律事务中心
Legal Practice Center / Unileão / LinsArquitetosAssociados

由专筑网小R,吴静雅编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:巴西Unileão法律事务中心与Ceará公共维护办公机构达成了协议,让学生们在此进行法律实践,此项协议专门针对学生们的实习任务。该项目总体分为公共服务区、机构区域、教学区域。另外,结合了门厅的礼堂则成为了整个社区的活动场所。

Text description provided by the architects. The Legal Practice Center of Unileão has an agreement with the Public Defender's Office of Ceará that allows students of the institution to follow and experience real legal situations, contributing to their practical training. The architectural brief required a public service area, an institutional area, and a pedagogical area. In addition, an auditorium containing a foyer can serve as a venue for events linked to the area and of interest to the community.

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该项目位于巴西东北部,这里非常靠近赤道,南北朝向更佳,因为它能将较少的立面直接裸露在阳光的入射方向。在这个项目之中,朝向的问题则需要更多的土方来解决,综合考虑之后,建筑师决定将建筑东西向布局。这就要求在后期应用更加充分的防晒措施。

For buildings located in Brazil’s northeastern area, being very close to the equator line, the North-South orientation is far more favorable, as it exposes less facade area to the more intense sunlight incidence directions, the sunrise and sunset. In this architectural project, the orientation in question would require far more earth moving works, which led to the choice of the East-West orientation. This demanded more effective strategies when it comes to protection from sunlight.

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什么色彩最具活力?这座建筑告诉你答案--明黄色第6张图片


这座建筑由四个不透明的白色体量组合而成,由一个黄色的中央体量连接起来,这个体量是集合区域,位于各个体量之间。在主要空间分布的白色体量之中,建筑师通过不同的策略最大限度的减少通过其中的热量,首先,墙体之上没有任何的开口,这样能够起到遮阳的作用,其次,墙体与建筑空间保留一定的距离,构成气体循环与花园区域,延缓了热量的传递,帮助空气冷却;另外,还应用了无色玻璃窗,结合采光架,让光线能够进入到室内,减少人工照明的需求,这三个层次减少了室内的热量,也减少了机械冷却的使用,同时还能满足自然采光,给使用者带来便捷。

The building consists of four opaque white pure volumes, connected by a yellow central volume that serves as a confraternization area and as a form of articulation between the blocks. In the white volumes, where the main spaces are distributed, the strategy adopted was to minimize the heat through layers by the following mechanisms: 1. The creation of a wall without any openings that completely blocks the sun; 2. The distancing of said wall from the building itself, creating an air chamber and a garden area, which delays the heat transmission and contribute to the cooling of the air, respectively; 3. The use of colorless glass windows equipped with light shelves that capture the vertical lighting and bounce it into the interior, minimizing the need of artificial lighting during the day. The three layers delay heat transmission to the indoors, reducing the use of mechanical cooling and its costs, without giving up the use of natural light and contributing to the comfort of users.

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建筑的中央体量覆盖着屋顶花园,这样能够充分地吸收阳光热量,起到隔热的作用。同样的屋面在南北方向开设有一个纵向开口,让光线进入室内,这个开口填充了混凝土,随着阳光角度的不同,而构成光影之间的节奏韵律。在其下方,混凝土长凳和花园环绕着休闲区与。cobogós混凝土取代了原有的传统砖石,可以实现交叉通风,并且结合内部花园,让空气更加清新,冷却建筑的内部空间,满足内部的热舒适性。

The central volume is covered by a roof garden that absorbs external heat and acts as a thermal insulator. This same roof has a longitudinal opening in the North-South direction that lets the light in. This opening is filled with concrete cobogós creating a rhythm of light and shadow that moves throughout the day as the sun moves. Right below, a concrete bench and garden embrace the lounge area. The replacement of traditional brickwork by cobogós allows cross ventilation, a mechanism that combined with the internal gardens renews the air and cools down the internal spaces, ensuring thermal comfort and permanence of users.

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该项目充分表达了对于当地气候的尊重,建筑师们应用了许多当地的植物,来呼应当地干旱的气候,例如金喇叭树等等,花园的表面应用了石材,诸如空心元素、裸露混凝土、工业地板等当地材料也得以应用,另外,建筑的中心体量还应用了明黄色的色调。这些元素的选择能够有效地降低施工成本。

The respect for local climate conditions is also present in the use of plant species adapted to dry climates, such as Golden Trumpet Trees, and Dracaenas, as well as dry gardens with stone coverings. Local materials are present in the hollow elements, exposed concrete, industrial flooring, the white texture, and the striking use of the yellow color for the central volume. The choice of these elements also contributed to the reduction of costs for the construction.

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建筑设计:Lins Arquitetos Associados
地点:巴西
类别:大学
Arquitetos事务所代表:CintiaLins, George Lins
Arquiteto事务所合作方:José Otávio Braga
面积:14109.6 ft2 (约1311平方米)
项目时间:2016 年
摄影:Joana França
制造商:Isoeste, Bendermix, CoperVidros, AméricoPré-Moldados
实习生:Camila Tavares, Hanna dos Santos, Samuel Melo, Alice Teles, Paula Thiers
施工方:AmplaEngenharia

Architects: Lins Arquitetos Associados
Location: Av. Maria Letícia Pereira, S/N, LagoaSeca, Juazeiro do Norte – CE, Brazil
Category: University
ArquitetosResponsáveis: CintiaLins, George Lins
ArquitetoColaborador: JoséOtávio Braga
Area: 14109.6 ft2
Project Year: 2016
Photographs: Joana França
Manufacturers: Isoeste, Bendermix, CoperVidros, AméricoPré-Moldados
Interns: Camila Tavares, Hanna dos Santos, Samuel Melo, Alice Teles, Paula Thiers
Construction: AmplaEngenharia

       
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