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木材的多样化展示丨Kohta火车站第1张图片


Kohta Train Station / Aalto University Wood Program

由专筑网小R,吴静雅编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:Kohta火车站来源于10个国家的17名学生的共同努力,他们表达了对于芬兰生活方式的不同理解,建筑的设计灵感来源于漫步森林。建筑师们通过垂直、倾斜、弯曲的各种元素构成了一个木制空间,这个空间有着精致的几何要素,构成了不同的使用感受与体验。在夏季,这个空间能够遮风挡雨,建筑的最初设计目的是服务于2019年Koria住房展销会,而现在则成为了城市地标。但是作为火车站点,则需要考虑但是使用者的行为和与周边环境的互动。每个模块都用作服务区域。自行车架和信息展示牌位于墙体结构之间。中央部分是座椅区域,有着通畅的视线空间,其屋面则是不同模块之间的连接要素。

Text description provided by the architects. The manifestation of a Finnish lifestyle seen through the eyes of 17 students from 10 different countries around the world. Kohta was inspired by a walk in the forest. With its straight, leaning and twisted elements it organizes nature into a wooden sanctuary. Due to its geometric composition and carefully designed elements, a variety of spaces are created, allowing the user to choose their experience within. Its purpose is to provide shelter from the windy and rainy winters while allowing open spaces during the summer months. Initially designed to serve Koria’s 2019 housing fair, this structure has become a city landmark. Serving as a train station, the design contemplates the users’ behaviour and interaction with their surroundings. Every module acts as a service area. Bike racks and information displays on opposite ends are positioned between the wall structures. At the center is the seating area, defined by the unobstructed views as the roof acts as a stabilizing element between modules.

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Kohta是数字与物理制造方式结合。每个墙面都通过数字定义和CNC加工,然后切割成特定的尺寸,因此它们都有着独特的角度与长度。技术的结合构成了高度的精致感,每个构件都能够在工厂单独生产,最后组成墙体、屋面、长椅、基础等部分。

Kohta is a combination between digital and physical manufacturing. Every wall piece was digitally defined and CNC’d. Afterwards, they were cut with a table saw to their specific lengths, each piece with a unique angle and length. The combination of techniques offered high precision allowing each element to be assembled individually at the workshop, creating wall, roofs, benches and foundations.

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通过这样的设计与建造方式,这个站点在一天之内就能完成组装。每个模块都有3面墙和1个屋面。各个构件会通过卡车运输到现场,然后工人们在现场进行组装与建造。通过设计、开发、生产过程,学生们也能够从中学到许多新知识,这个项目也很好地展示了木材的多样化功能。

Designed and built in such a way where the station was assembled in one day. Each module has three walls and a roof. In turn, the modules were crane lifted onto the truck and transported on site where fixing joints were used to secure each element in place. Kohta began as a train station study. However; throughout its design, development, production and assembly it became a valuable learning opportunity. Present within the details, it is a project showcasing wood as a viable building material.

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建筑设计:Aalto University Wood Program
地点:芬兰
类别:火车站
设计团队:Daniela Alatorre, Anton Aluja, Maritta Antoniazzi, Bettina Baggenstos, Sofia Belova, Tamara Borges, Jon Farmer, Taisuke Hayashi, Theresa Herlich, Yu Kono, Esteban Lozada, Tomas Millan, Michika Nakamura, Kristian Penttinen, Juan Carlos Prazmowski, Kevin Silary & Minako Suzuki
面积:35.0 ㎡
项目时间:2019年
摄影:Tuomas Uusheimo, Sandra Park
制造商:Graphisoft, Metsa Woods, Rothoblaas, McNeel, Trimble, Autodesk
客户:City of Kouvola
机械工程:Hannu Hirsi, Hassan Ahmed & Mariia Martus
合作方:Gerardo Armanet, Laura Zubillaga

Architects: Aalto University Wood Program
Location: 45610 Koria, Finland
Category: Train Station
Design Team: Daniela Alatorre, Anton Aluja, Maritta Antoniazzi, Bettina Baggenstos, Sofia Belova, Tamara Borges, Jon Farmer, Taisuke Hayashi, Theresa Herlich, Yu Kono, Esteban Lozada, Tomas Millan, Michika Nakamura, Kristian Penttinen, Juan Carlos Prazmowski, Kevin Silary & Minako Suzuki
Area: 35.0 ㎡
Project Year: 2019
Photographs: Tuomas Uusheimo, Sandra Park
Manufacturers: Graphisoft, Metsa Woods, Rothoblaas, McNeel, Trimble, Autodesk
Clients: City of Kouvola
Engineering: Hannu Hirsi, Hassan Ahmed & Mariia Martus
Collaborators: Gerardo Armanet, Laura Zubillaga

       
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