网站地图关于我们

查看相册 View Gallery
跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第1张图片


火车站的时代重建
A Train Station as an Epoch” Reconstruction of Railway Station / Faber Group

由专筑网邢子,小R编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:伊万诺沃火车站建筑既是文化遗产,也是建筑地标,它是俄罗斯最大的建构主义风格车站,于1933年根据建筑师Vladimir Kaverinksi的设计建造。车站总面积为5755平方米,可容纳2500人。从1933年至今,车站经历了20世纪50年代、80年代和2020年的三次全面重建,每一次都引入了新的结构、外观和内部元素,具有容易识别的时代属性。因此,该建筑代表了两种意识形态对立但互补的艺术趋势的混合,即前卫建构主义和苏联现代主义。

Text description provided by the architects. The Ivanovo railroad station building is both a cultural heritage as well as an architectural landmark. The largest Constructivist station in Russia, it was built in 1933 based on the architect Vladimir Kaverinksi’s design. The total area of the station is 5,755 square meters, and it has a capacity of 2,500 people. From 1933 until the present time, the station has undergone three total reconstructions in the 1950s, the 1980s, and in 2020. Each of these introduced structural, exterior, and interior elements with easily recognizable attributes of the era in which they were done. As a result, the building represents a hybrid of two ideologically opposing, but stylistically complementary artistic trends - avant-garde constructivism and Soviet modernism.

跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第2张图片


跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第3张图片


跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第4张图片


跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第5张图片


2020年的重建与修复工作增加了当代车站的所有必要功能和技术,同时设计了独特的外观,并保留了车站真实的结构和装饰元素。重建项目在设计之前建筑师进行了全面的研究,展示了1933年原建筑主义风格建筑的整体尺寸和较大部分的承重构件,包括158米长、16米高的大面积外立面,以及圆形的窗户,同时保留了从车站广场到旅客候车区的宏大空间和出口到站台的客流组织路线。

The 2020 reconstruction with restorative work was to have added all the necessary functions and technologies of a contemporary station while revealing its unique appearance and preserving the station’s authentic structural and decorative elements. The reconstruction’s project design was preceded by comprehensive research which showed what remained from the original constructivist style building from 1933 where the overall size, and the larger part of load-bearing elements, including the extensive 158 meters long, 16-meter high facade with large windows as well as circular ones. Also preserved was the passenger flow organization from the station square through the grandiose space of the passenger waiting areas and the exit out onto the train platform.

跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第6张图片


跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第7张图片


跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第8张图片


在20世纪50年代的重建中,巨大前卫的客运大厅被分为“蓝色”和“红色”两个部分。蓝厅的装饰风格为苏联早期现代主义风格,红厅的装饰外观是在1980年发展起来的,这个大厅保留了后世苏联现代主义风格的醒目装饰。在2020年的项目设计过程中,建筑师团队决定保留建筑的混合特征及其对城市居民有巨大意义的建筑形象。而在车站外部是20世纪20到30年代前卫建筑特有的色彩组合,即红色、灰色和米色。而蓝厅则保留了天蓝色和米黄色的墙面和天花板颜色,大窗户、石膏装饰元素和用多色梅特拉克瓷砖铺成的地板被重新修复。

During the 1950s reconstruction, the gigantic avant-garde passenger hall was divided into two halls - “Blue” and “Red”. The “Blue” hall was decorated in the early Soviet modernism style. The “Red” hall’s decorative appearance was developed in 1980. This hall retains the striking artifacts of later era Soviet modernism. In the course of the 2020 project design, the decision was made by the team of architects to preserve the hybrid character of the building and its image, one having enormous meaning for the city’s residents. Returned to the exterior of the station was a combination of colors characteristic of the 1920s-1930s avant-garde architecture – red, grey, and beige. The “Blue” hall retained the azure and beige wall and ceiling colors. The large windows, gypsum decor elements, and floors done in multi-colored Mettlach tiles were fastidiously restored.

跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第9张图片


跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第10张图片


跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第11张图片


“蓝色”大厅的柱子上铺满了装饰性的灰泥,装饰物以20世纪30年代“运动纺织品”艺术项目的图案为基础,利用模板技术将装饰图案层层叠加在柱子上,可以达到纺织品装饰的效果。蓝厅的内部增加了现代化的基础设施,确保普通乘客及行动不便的乘客的舒适和安全。2020年的重建项目还赋予了“红色”大厅新的功能,现在它可以举办展览、交易会和讲座。由于2020年重建项目的实施,前卫的车站建筑已经不仅仅是城市交通基础设施的重要场所,而是整个地区的文化和公共活动中心,代表了俄罗斯精心修复20世纪建筑地标的独特范例。

The columns of the “Blue” hall are covered with decorative stucco, with ornamentation based on motifs from the 1930s “campaign textiles” art-project. Use of such stenciling technology for layering ornamental designs onto columns allowed for achieving the effect of using textiles for decorative effect. The interior of the “Blue” hall has been augmented by modern infrastructure ensuring the comfort and safety of passengers, including those with limited mobility. The 2020 project also gave the “Red” hall new functionality: it now allows for exhibits, fairs, and lectures. As a result of the 2020 reconstruction project, the avant-garde station building has become not simply an important site for the city’s transportation infrastructure, but a center for cultural and public events for the entire region, representing a unique example for Russia of a careful restoration of a 20th-century architectural landmark.

跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第12张图片


跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第13张图片


跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第14张图片


跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第15张图片


跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第16张图片


跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第17张图片


跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第18张图片


跨越时代和风格碰撞的建筑典范 | 俄罗斯伊万诺沃火车站第19张图片


建筑设计:Faber Group
类型:火车站/改造
地点:俄罗斯 伊万诺沃
面积: 5755 m2
项目时间:2020年
摄影:Oleg Melekhin, Andrey Safonov, Dmitry Rizhakov Oleg Melekhin, Andrey Safonov, Dmitry Rizhakov
制造商:AutoDesk、Apton、Estet Beton、Statio、Trimble
设计团队:Elena Franchyan和Boris Matveyev
客户:俄罗斯铁路股份公司,伊万诺沃州政府。
工程:JSK "Yaroslavzheldorproekt"
总承包商:JSC "RZD Stroy",GK1520,LLC "Trans Stroy Resurs"
建筑公司:LLS "MonteAvo",GK SU22
饰品和颜色、装饰性表面处理工艺和技术:Color Lab, Marat Ka(莫斯科)
修复工作:«VolgaStoryInvest» LLC(雅罗斯拉夫尔)

Train Station, Renovation • Ivanovo, Russia
Architects: Faber Group
Area: 5755 m2
Year: 2020
Photographs: Oleg Melekhin, Andrey Safonov, Dmitry Rizhakov
Manufacturers: AutoDesk, Apton, Estet Beton, Statio, Trimble
Design Team: Elena Franchyan and Boris Matveyev
Clients: JSC Russian railways, Government of the Ivanovo region
Engineering: JSK «Yaroslavzheldorproekt»
General Contractor: JSC «RZD Stroy», GK1520, LLC «Trans Stroy Resurs»
Сonstruction Company: LLS «MonteAvo», GK SU22
Ornaments And Colors, Decorative Finishes Process And Technology: Color Lab, Marat Ka (Moscow)
Restoration Work: «VolgaStoryInvest» LLC (Yaroslavl)
City: Ivanovo
Country: Russia

【专筑网版权与免责声明】:本网站注明“来源:专筑网”的所有内容版权属专筑网所有,如需转载,请注明出处

专于设计,筑就未来

无论您身在何方;无论您作品规模大小;无论您是否已在设计等相关领域小有名气;无论您是否已成功求学、步入职业设计师队伍;只要你有想法、有创意、有能力,专筑网都愿为您提供一个展示自己的舞台

投稿邮箱:submit@iarch.cn         如何向专筑投稿?

扫描二维码即可订阅『专筑

微信号:iarch-cn

登录专筑网  |  社交账号登录:

 匿名

没有了...
评论加载中,请稍后!

室内 (2160 articles)


交通空间 (13 articles)


火车站 (62 articles)


改造项目 (125 articles)


俄罗斯 (153 articles)


2020 (158 articles)