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巴西Praça Da Liberdade大道周边城市空间的再设计/ Arquitetos Associados第1张图片

该项目位于巴西贝洛奥里藏特,整个项目的设计目的就是将该市最重要的Praça da Liberdade大道与相邻的公共广场重新设计。本次设计重在挖掘周边剩余城市空间的潜在可能性,通过减少停车位,激励公众参与度,增加场所的可达性、舒适性,缓减交通压力,达到全方位激发公共空间的使用率,从而构建一个有活力的的公共场所。


The project of Praça da Liberdade stemmed from the need to reconcile the architectural design of the Cultural Circuit of Praça da Liberdade and the public areas which surrounds the square. It potentials the residual surrounding areas, increasing public use through its redesign, which reduces vehicle parking areas,  incentives indeterminate media ownership and the sidewalks suited to frequent postures, accessibility and traffic.

巴西Praça Da Liberdade大道周边城市空间的再设计/ Arquitetos Associados第2张图片

Milton Santos讲到:“空间是时间不断的积累。”
     城市空间设计主要目的是设计出一个真正可以有效利用的公共空间,褪去商业化的消费形式,将重点放在更多关注将城市作为公共空间上来。这种设计理念不仅仅停留在理解的层面上,城市空间设计应该融于整个城市的脉络中,为城市发展提供基础,并且随着城市的发展与时俱进,不断发掘自身的潜力。在这样的大前提下,城市建筑和城市公共空间设计这样的公共建设项目必定是慎重考量的结果。正如Le Corbusier说的那样,我们是为不可预测的生活提供最坚实的支持。如此就避免了个人主义和浮夸风格的盛行,会将更多的注意力放在城市的建设上,同时也更加重视历史和时代带给这个城市的烙印。一个城市的建设一定是集众人之力,跨时代长河,逐步积累的浩瀚工程。每一次新建或者改建城市必须站在新的高度重新看待原有城市的建设,并且善于发现它的优点,激发其原有的潜能,并非一味的否定。


"Space is the unequal accumulation of time." Milton Santos
The main goal of an urban project is to contribute to the establishment of an effective public domain, less attached to consumption and more focused on the understanding of the city as a public place. Rather than being understated, the urban design should almost dissolve, acquiring an invisibility that allows to emphasize its potentials as a support and should offer the people possibilities not even imagined previously. This premise allows the approach of architecture and urban design to the infrastructure, which represents certainly the most discreet works, providing “essential supports for the unpredictability of life”, as Le Corbusier said. The necessity of discretion avoids the monumental, individualistic work and gives attention to the construction of territory, the seam of the urban texture, the constitution of a public space in fact, as well as to the recognition of history and time. This sense suggests that the construction of a city can be only a collective work and an inter-generational effort. In addition, a new intervention in a consolidated environment should stand as another layer among many others and increasing the virtues of what was built before.

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巴西Praça Da Liberdade大道周边城市空间的再设计/ Arquitetos Associados第4张图片

巴西贝洛奥里藏特作为19世纪末期最早进行城市规划的城市,采用了实证主义的城市规划布局,这样的设计导致两个网格的道路设计重叠,其中一条道路会和其它道路呈45度角。虽然这只是这个城市的一小部分,但是从中也能看出来,这个有着300万人口的古城的基础设施还是相当完善的。


Considered to be the first planned city in Brazil - in the late of 19th century - Belo Horizonte was planned with a positivist layout, resulting in the road design of two grids overlapping, one of  streets and other of avenues, shifted 45 degrees from each other. Although it represents nowadays a small portion of the city, with nearly 3 million people, this original territory still is the area with better urban infrastructure.

巴西Praça Da Liberdade大道周边城市空间的再设计/ Arquitetos Associados第5张图片

在这个城市,最具象征意义的地方就是Praça da Liberdade大道,这里曾经是市政厅的所在地。现在,Praça da Liberdade大道是一个融合了一个世纪以来巴西各个重要时期的建筑风格的文化广场:从受法国古典主义影响的景观,到折中主义的宫殿建筑,再到现代、后现代主义的建筑,以及当代建筑,他们相互包容、相互作用,共同打造了这样一个别具特色的文化圈。


In this city, the most symbolically spot, is Praça da Liberdade, where the city hall used to be located. A square which allows you to recognize much of the key moments of architecture held in Brazil for over a century: the influence of France in landscaping; the eclectic architecture of the palaces; modern, postmodern architecture; as well as contemporary interventions, turning the neoclassical buildings into cultural spaces and creating the Cultural Circuit of Praça da Liberdade.

巴西Praça Da Liberdade大道周边城市空间的再设计/ Arquitetos Associados第6张图片

在Praça da Liberdade大道文化圈的影响下,Praça da Liberdade大道及其周边公共空间的再设计旨在用景观设计元素契合复杂的建筑背景,提升场地的利用价值,打造一个新的文化广场。


In the context of interventions of the Cultural Circuit of Praça da Liberdade, the project of upgrading the public areas surrounding the square was designed.

巴西Praça Da Liberdade大道周边城市空间的再设计/ Arquitetos Associados第7张图片

巴西Praça Da Liberdade大道周边城市空间的再设计/ Arquitetos Associados第8张图片

该设计项目有以下几个目标:
-考虑建筑和城市公共场所设计的兼容性,从已有的基础设施入手,展望未来场地的使用情况,从而设计公共场所。
-考虑周围的交通情况和路面的更新。
-人行通道以及无障碍设施在城市公共空间中的普及。
-在法律法规范围内考虑道路两边的连通性和可达性。
-注意降低噪音污染,清理城市垃圾,比如多余的标志牌等设施,塑造出清爽、干净的景观。
-将周围多个公共空间和公共建筑有机结合起来
-打造一个新的、和周围环境相互融合、共同发展的Praça da Liberdade大道。


The project had the following objectives:
- Compatibility with both architectural and urban designs of the public areas, considering existing equipment and infrastructure and the future ones;
- Compatibility with the road project;
- Revitalization of urban pavements and equipment in a state of degradation;
- Compatibility between the sidewalks and the standards of the Municipal Legislation of Postures and accessibility;
- Ordering the landscape, always minimizing possible noise defined by diversity and overlapping of urban facilities and signs;
- The establishment of a greater unity in the treatment of the public spaces surrounding the square and its public buildings;
- Consolidation of a updated cadastral survey of Praça da Liberdade, as well of its surroundings.

巴西Praça Da Liberdade大道周边城市空间的再设计/ Arquitetos Associados第9张图片

巴西Praça Da Liberdade大道周边城市空间的再设计/ Arquitetos Associados第10张图片

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巴西Praça Da Liberdade大道周边城市空间的再设计/ Arquitetos Associados第13张图片

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巴西Praça Da Liberdade大道周边城市空间的再设计/ Arquitetos Associados第15张图片

巴西Praça Da Liberdade大道周边城市空间的再设计/ Arquitetos Associados第16张图片

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巴西Praça Da Liberdade大道周边城市空间的再设计/ Arquitetos Associados第19张图片

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编辑:范偲慧,刘庆新
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