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建于旧城遗址上的新大学同时记录了旧城的消逝与重建。

背景:
Narva是俄罗斯和爱沙尼亚共和国的边境城市。17世纪,处在瑞典统治之下的Narva达到了其鼎盛时期,发展了具有巴洛克风格的新城市中心。二战
期间,旧城被破坏殆尽,战争结束后,一个现代化城市在被摧毁的废墟上冉冉升起。当时,战争刚刚结束,Narva的本地民众被阻止进入城内,而迎
来了一批从前苏联来的新居民。


New university built into destroyed old town area records both the absence of the Old Town and it’s rebuilding.

Context

Narva is a border city between Russia and Estonia. Prosperity of the city was in 17th century, when under the Swedish reign new baroque-style city

center was developed. The Old Town was destroyed during WWII and after when it was demolished and replaced with modernist city. After the war

local people were not allowed to return to the city, new habitants were brought in from Soviet Union.


University Of Tartu Narva College / KAVAKAVA第1张图片


位置
大学建在Narva的旧城遗址上,其主立面朝向市政广场。建筑体前的广场以前是证劵大楼所在地,现在成为通往大学的主入口。

Site

The college is built on the area of Narva’s no longer existent Old Town with the main façade opening towards the Town Hall Square. In front of the

building is a square, marking the site of the former stock exchange building and creating main entrance to the college.



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理念
主要的设计理念是清晰地留出原证劵大楼体量的位置。新建筑包括两个概念部分—一是“重建”的虚拟证劵大楼,另一个则是实体的大学建筑。
旧证劵大楼笔直地耸立在城市中央,有一部分甚至掩盖了市政厅的主立面。新的设计方案精确地保留了证劵大楼的位置,但用概念性的空间取代了
前实体建筑,让市政厅在广场上独领风骚。

Concept

Main idea is to clearly mark the historical volume of the stock exchange building. New building consists of two conceptual halves – first half is the

stock building reconstructed as a void and another half is a material building, new college itself.


The old Stock Exchange Building was situated straight in the centre of the town and covered partly even Town Hall's main facade. New solution

records exactly the situation but replaces former mass by conceptual void and allows the Town Hall to dominate on the Square.



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建筑
新建筑的设计直接参考了前证劵大楼的风格。喜庆的白色混凝土主立面与证劵大楼巴洛克风格的正立面相对着两相呼应;向上突出的射线状鸟嘴形
屋顶与证劵大楼人字形屋顶形成对比。大学建筑前的证劵大楼旧址成为了新的广场。带有“颠倒”屋顶的新楼立面勾勒出证劵大楼曾经的轮廓。

Building
New building refers directly to the Stock Exchange Building that stood there before. The previous building’s Baroque front elevation is marked by
“in reverse” form on the College’s new festive main facade, which is cast in white concrete. Its projecting beak-shaped roof follows the gable line
and roof of the Stock Exchange Building in reverse. As a result, new square is formed in front of the College i.e. on the site of the Stock Exchange
Building. New main façade with the “reversed” roof draw out the contours of the Stock Exchange Building that used to stand here.


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大学建筑体其他三面采用朴素的外观,这是为了模仿Narva旧建筑的特色风格—仅有门窗框架的普通石墙结构。新建筑涂有灰泥的砖墙上规则地分布
着一排排窗户,窗子的不同尺寸为严格的布局带来了一丝细微的变化。面向庭院的玻璃墙为安静的小建筑体量赋予了光亮和空间感。

The rest of three sides of the building have discreet appearance. The aim behind them is to follow the façade style characteristic to old Narva, which
had mostly plain stone walls without subdivisions with only door portals and window frames rising upwards. There are regular window–openings in
the plastered brick walls of the new building, nuances are added to strict layout by the various depths of the windows. Glass walls looking towards the
courtyard create a light and spacious impression inside a quite small building.



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University Of Tartu Narva College / KAVAKAVA第6张图片

建筑内部布局紧凑而清晰,其目的是为了营造一种学术性但并不正式的氛围。宽敞的大厅内布置着大阶梯,构成学生课间互动的背景。内部循环系
统围绕着庭院设置。

位于广场下方的证劵大楼旧地下层重新恢复使用,部分进行了重建。中心房间呈拱形,与原来的结构相似。地下室空间用来举办展览和活动。

The interior is compact but instantly recognizable – its purpose is to create an academic yet non-formal environment. Spacious foyer has solved as
large steps to create a suitable background for the students’ interaction between the lectures. Inner circulation has been arranged around the courtyard.
Old basement of the Stock Exchange under the square is restored and partly rebuilt. Central room is vaulted similarly to the original one. The rooms
will be used for exhibitions and events.


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↑ 平面图 Floor plan

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↑ 平面图 Floor plan

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↑ 平面图 Floor plan
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↑ 主立面 Main facade

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↑ 上:立面图  下:剖面图  Above: elevation Below: section
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↑ 立面图 Elevation


Location: Raekoja plats 2, Narva, Estonia
Architects: Siiri Vallner, Indrek Peil, Katrin Koov KAVAKAVA (team Heidi Urb, Maarja Tüür, Andro Mänd, Sten Mark Mändmaa, Helina Lass)
Interior design: Hannes Praks
Structural engineer: Maari Idnurm, Siim Randmäe EEB Oü
Project time: 2005 – 2012
Plot surface: 2 812m2
Built surface: 2 109m2
Building neto surface area: 4741m2
Client: University of Tartu
Photos: Kaido Haagen, Anu Vahtra

Main contractor - YIT
Facing brick, brick pavements – Wieneberger
Concrete elements – E-Betoonelement (Consolis SAS Concern)
Floor covering - limestone tiles, oak hardwood floor, Marmeleum linoleum
Interior walls - Safran traditional lime-plaster, Cinca ceramic tiles
Ceiling systems - Fellert acoustical plaster, Ecophon acoustical ceiling
lighting (material/product/supplier): Halla, Targetti, RZB, Ensto, Glamox, Disano, Simes, Bega
Ironwork - blacksmiths Risto Tali, Rait Siska
sanitary equipment - Gustavsberg, Oras


本文来源于:http://www.kavakava.ee/
via: gooood

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