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旧居换新颜,你要的美景都给你|福建住宅的拱形屋顶第1张图片

直向建筑向中国港口的翻新房屋增加了桶顶屋顶
Vector Architects adds barrel-vaulted roof to refurbished house in Chinese port

由专筑网缕夕,韩平编译

直向建筑在中国福建省的一个岩石半岛上装修了一座住宅,增加了一个拱形混凝土屋顶,围合成一个新的起居区,从两端可以看到大海。

Vector Architects has renovated a house perched on a rocky peninsula in China's Fujian Province, adding a vaulted concrete roof that encloses a new living area with views towards the sea from either end.

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船长的住宅位于黄岐半岛尽头的北郊村。半岛的地形多以悬崖为主,这也意味着建筑物只能坐落在狭窄的土地上。

建筑暴露在潮湿和腐蚀性的海洋空气中长达二十多年,因此现有建筑的结构已经破坏,并造成了严重的漏水,这也是整修过程中需要解决的问题。

Captain's House is located in the village of Beijiao at the end of Huangqi Peninsula. The geology of the peninsula's cliffs means buildings are clustered along a narrow spine.
Twenty years of exposure to damp and corrosive sea air had compromised the existing building's structure and caused serious leaks that needed to be addressed as part of the renovation process.

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北京的直向建筑负责房屋对的升级改造,使其更适合现代家庭生活。

Beijing-based Vector Architects was tasked with upgrading the house and making it better suited to modern family life.

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“我们的设计工作从结构强化的研究开始,”工作室说。“经过一系列仔细的比较研究,我们决定在原砖砌墙上添加一层12厘米的混凝土墙,这样的策略给我们带来了更多的空间潜力。”

"Our design work starts with the study of structural reinforcement," said the studio. "After a series of careful comparisons, we decided to add a layer of 12-centimetre concrete wall to the original brick masonry walls. This strategy brings us extra potential to make a better quality of space."

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添加新的混凝土墙后,条件允许建筑师重新配置内部布局,并满足新增加的三层所需要的建筑物的结构强度。

地面和第一层的两间浴室从建筑面向海面的一侧移动到邻近隔壁屋子的山墙旁边。这里可以变成了客厅、用餐区和主卧室,并提供更多的自然光线和通风。

The addition of the new concrete wall allowed the architects to reconfigure the interior layout and provided the structural strength required to add the third storey to the existing building.
A pair of bathrooms on the ground and first floors were removed from the sea-facing side of the building to the elevation bounded by the neighbouring property. This provided the living room, dining area and master bedroom with improved views, as well as more natural light and ventilation.

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外墙的额外厚度还允许家具镶入其中,从立面中挖出窗洞放置窗户。

这些灰空间包含座位、搁架、桌子和其他配套的家具,使它们能够起到各种功能角色,以构建海景。

The additional thickness of the external walls also allows furniture to be incorporated in voids that are carved out from the facades to accommodate the windows.
These intermediary spaces contain seating, shelving, desks and other fitted furniture that enables them to perform various functional roles in additions to framing the sea vistas.

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在外部,新的开口采用了向外突出的混凝土框架,另外,为了防止多余的雨水从墙壁下落到窗口,通过设置凹槽来辅助排水。

防止漏水也是实施弯曲拱顶,将其添加到新的上层的关键原因,这样可以确保水迅速排去。

Externally, the new openings feature concrete frames that project outwards to assist drainage by preventing excess rainwater from running down the walls and into the window recesses.
Stopping leaks was also a key reason for the implementation of the curved vault added to the new upper storey, which ensures that water runs off quickly.

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线性的空间形式也在两端形成明显不同的视觉效果,繁华的港口在一边可见,而平静的海景则向另一边延伸到地平线。

拱顶的房子设有一个多用途生活区,可容纳到访的家人和朋友,以及作为基督徒业主的健身房、活动空间和私人教堂。

The linear form also frames distinctly different views at either end, with the bustling port visible on one side and the tranquil seascape stretching away towards the horizon on the other.
The vault houses a multipurpose living area that can accommodate visiting family and friends, as well as functioning as a gym, activity space and private chapel for the Christian owners.

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夹层位于弯曲天花板的下方,从两端延伸,提供室外空间,增强内部与周围风景之间的连接。

屋顶的天窗照亮室内。也使屋顶具有独特的标识,另外,在拱顶的两端建筑师采用了半透明玻璃,这样,在夜间室内灯光可以柔和的漫射出来。

A mezzanine level is situated beneath the curving ceiling, with terraces that extend from both ends providing outdoor spaces that enhance the connection between the interior and the surrounding scenery.
Openings punched into the roof illuminate the board-marked surfaces, while translucent glass blocks used to fill in the arching end walls allow diffused light to permeate through the surface at night.

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直向建筑之前的项目是北京的一个博物馆,其特色是在金属丝网上设有一个入口,以及海上孤独的教堂设计。

摄影:Xia Zhi, Chen Hao and Chen Zhenqiang.

Among Vector Architects' previous projects is a museum in Beijing that features an entrance draped in wire mesh and an elevated chapel on a beach that allows seawater to wash underneath.
Photography by Xia Zhi, Chen Hao and Chen Zhenqiang.

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场地平面图/site_plan

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底层平面图/ground_floor_plan

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一层平面图/first_floor_plan

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夹层平面图/mezzanine_floor_plan

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三层平面图/third_floor_plan

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剖面图/section-a

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剖面图/section-b

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剖面图/section-c

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轴测图/axo


出处:本文译自www.dezeen.com/,转载请注明出处。

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