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这座博物馆承包了世界的过去、现在与将来第1张图片

洛杉矶自然历史博物馆的玻璃盒子扩建项目
LA's Natural History Museum to Expand With Transparent "Front Porch" Additions

由专筑网李韧,杨帆编译

洛杉矶自然历史博物馆(NHM)发布了项目扩建的概念设计方案,本次扩建由洛杉矶本地公司Frederick Fisher and Partners (FF&P)主持设计,建筑师构思了第一个十年计划,目的是让洛杉矶自然历史博物馆成为博览会公园的历史中心。本次扩建项目主要集中于博物馆的西面与南面,用于展出著名的冰河时代化石遗址,这些遗物来源于拉布雷亚沥青坑以及汉考克公园。

项目委员会董事长Mark Ridley如是说:

“博览会公园和自然历史博物馆将进入世界舞台,成为文化、娱乐、体育以及教育等方面的交流平台。届时的游客不仅有洛杉矶当地居民,还有来自世界各地的伙伴,因此公园在设计时应当将这二者联系起来。这个扩建项目是一个透明的玻璃盒子,似乎为我们打开了世界之窗,对于整个区域来说,这里都将成为令人振奋、并且受欢迎的场所。”

由洛杉矶自然历史博物馆(NHM)和Frederick Fisher and Partners事务所(FF&P)共同设计规划的博览会公园设施规划方案近期已揭晓,本次扩建的目的是提升展览空间的可见性与灵活性,建筑师的设计策略是将展览空间可视化,从而创建一个全新的公园中心。该项目的设计过程将成为日后类似项目的一大参考案例。

The Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County (NHM) has released concept designs for the new NHM West/South Project – a scheme designed by LA firm Frederick Fisher and Partners (FF&P) in the first step towards a 10-year revitalization of the NHM as Exposition Park’s historic hub. The extensions would focus on the west and south sides of the museum, supporting new uses and reimagining the programs and spaces of its famous Ice Age fossil site at the La Brea Tar Pits and Museum in Hancock Park.

County Board Chairman Mark Ridley said of the project:
“Exposition Park, and the Natural History Museum as its anchor, is about to enter the world stage as a cultural, entertainment, sports, and education destination. Its audiences are twofold: local Los AngelesCounty residents and visitors from all over the world, and the park partners need to connect with both. This new project provides a vibrant and transparent window into the mysteries of our world and will be an exciting and welcoming venue for the entire community.”

A facilities program plan for the Exposition Park museum campus has been developed by the NHM and FF&P to address increasing capacity, flexibility and transparency of the gallery space by improving the visible storage of its collections and creating a new study center. This program plan should serve as a catalyst for the architectural design process to follow.

这座博物馆承包了世界的过去、现在与将来第2张图片
Courtesy of Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

在该项目中,建筑师原先设计的是一个多功能的聚集空间,鼓励公园以及周边社区的人们进行交流,促进有关影响文化和自然世界的关键因素的思想碰撞。而另一个概念方案则是用一个全新的扩建结构来替代现有的Jean Delacour礼堂,这样不仅能够促进大众的交流,也可以作为现有功能的补充。在这个方案中,建筑立面通体晶莹,但每层的透明度却各不相同,该方案将博物馆面向公园与社区开放,使得草坪上的游客也可以远远地欣赏博物馆。

A multi-purpose, immersive theater is proposed as a gathering space for the Exposition Park community and surrounding neighborhoods to encourage and facilitate dialogue about critical issues affecting the cultural and natural worlds. Another preliminary concept suggests replacing the existing Jean Delacour Auditorium with a new addition that would bookend the mass of the museum and complement the heritage attributes of the existing structure. A façade of glass with varying levels of transparency would respond the the desire to create openness within the park and the community, with visitors to the South Lawn able to see into the museum.

这座博物馆承包了世界的过去、现在与将来第3张图片
Courtesy of Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

建筑师在建筑南侧设计了一个玻璃盒子,这里也是建筑的新入口,玻璃盒子向西南方向延展。进入建筑首先引入眼帘的是一个通高的门厅,人们可以通过这个门厅到达其他功能空间。在该方案中,建筑师通过重新设计博物馆的展览空间和办公区域来提升研究活动、教育项目以及展示空间的趣味性,通过竖向交通枢纽,当地居民和游客可以到达建筑的屋顶餐厅,在这里,公园、城市的美景将尽收眼底。

A new entry to the building at the southern corner would act as a kind of “front porch,” extending the length of the southwest perimeter. A double height lobby would invite visitors into a Welcome Center and to a transparent passage towards the Grand Foyer. The proposal suggests a reworking of the gallery and office spaces of the museum to create a more interesting overlap between research activities, educational programs and the display areas. Tourists and locals would also be drawn to a proposed rooftop restaurant with panoramic views of the immediate context and the wider city as a whole.

这座博物馆承包了世界的过去、现在与将来第4张图片
Courtesy of Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

NHM是美国对于研究、展览和教育方面的重要场所,这里每年接纳的游客约130万人,自1913年起,NHM便是洛杉矶的重要文化地标,它于2013年完成了第一次十年改造计划,那次改建让这座建筑屡获殊荣。而本次未来十年计划的目的是让这座博物馆变得更加完美。通过与FF&P的合作,NHM负责人认为在未来,这座博物馆“不仅专注于过去的研究,也将更加关注世界的当下与未来”。

As a national leader in research, exhibitions and education and accommodating close to 1.3 million visitors annually, the NHM has been a crucial cultural landmark in Los Angeles since 1913. Its 10-year Next transformation, completed in 2013, generated award-winning exhibitions. This future 10-year plan will seek to resolve elements of the future of the museum that were not addressed. With the architectural design and guidance of FF&P, the NHM hope to further and represent their research of “a museum paradigm that once focused on the past, but increasingly addresses the present and the future.”
News via Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County


出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。

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