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想在森林中游泳吗?这个游泳馆满足你第1张图片

Hawkins\Brown用人造板为伦敦城市福瑞曼学校建造游泳馆
Hawkins\Brown uses engineered wood to build swimming pool for City of London Freemen's School

由专筑网李韧,曹逸希编译

建筑事务所Hawkins\Brown运用了两种不同类型的工程木材为这所位于英国的城市学校建造了游泳馆。

坐落于阿什特德地区的伦敦城市福瑞曼学校,这座游泳馆有一个裸露的木质框架,它通过窗户与室外的林地结合在一起。

Architecture firm Hawkins\Brown used two types of engineered timber to build this swimming facility at a school in Surrey, England.
Located at the City of London Freemen's School in Ashtead, the swimming pool building boasts an exposed timber frame that incorporates windows looking out onto the surrounding woodland.

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Hawkins\Brown运用了材料以及设计的方法让建筑与自然紧密相连。建筑的主要框架由胶合木构成,这是一种通过将几片木板粘合在一起平行排列而成的机械木制系统。

而该结构又由交叉层压木材所支撑,这是一种与胶合木类似,但更加坚固的结构系统,由直角相连的木材层叠而成。

Hawkins\Brown chose materials and construction methods to complement the building's natural setting. The primary structure is a portal frame constructed from glue-laminated timber – an engineered wood creating from glueing together several sheets of wood in parallel.
This is braced with cross-laminated timber panels – a similar but even stronger form of wood, made with layers positioned at right angles to one another.

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Hawkins\Brown事务所的合伙人Adam Cossey说:“城市学校的新游泳池通过运用这些自然的材质与色彩呈现出欢迎的姿态。”

“每个支柱之间的玻璃开窗让人们能够看到森林的景色,这让人们感觉似乎在森林中游泳。”

"Freemen's School's new swimming pool is a welcoming retreat that engages with the mature woodland setting through the use of natural materials and colour schemes," said Adam Cossey, a partner at Hawkins\Brown.
"The deep columns of the all-timber construction and wrap-around glazing, which afford direct views from the water into the woodland, give the sense of swimming amongthe trees."

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Hawkins\Brown所设计的这个游泳馆是校园整体规划的一部分,在整个项目中,该事务所已经结合运用沙色砖石和木质立面完成了音乐学校和公寓楼的设计。

由于学校的旧游泳池在2014年遭遇了一场火灾,因此这座新建筑将取代学校原有游泳池,将其从校园西侧的场地重新移到东侧,靠近现有的体育设施。

Hawkins\Brown designed the pool as part of an ongoing masterplan for the school, where the firm has already completed a music school and boarding house that combine sandy coloured brickwork and timber screens.

The new building replaces the school's original pool, which was destroyed by a fire in 2014, and relocates it from the west to the east side of the campus so it is adjacent to the existing sports facilities.

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新建筑的泳池长25米,共6个泳道,还有更衣室以及一些教学活动场地。为了将对周围环境的影响降至最低,部分建筑位于地下。

The 25-metre, six-lane competition pool is supplemented by changing rooms, and a multipurpose teaching and events space. To deliver this programme without causing too much disruption to the surrounding landscape, part of the building is submerged below ground.

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建筑木制框架的屋脊部分稍稍偏移,在建筑物上交错排列,并且沿着建筑的方向形成一个具有动态感的屋面,其最高点下方对应着主入口。

人造板具有较高的设计标准,建筑师将其直接暴露在室内空间,并在外部涂上白色涂料,从而保持材质的肌理感。

The ridges of the building's wooden frames are offset and staggered along the building's length to create a dynamically shaped roof, with its highest point at one corner signalling the location of the main entrance.
The engineered wood is finished to a high enough standard that it was left exposed internally and treated with a white stain so the grain remains visible.

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这种设计策略也适用于预制装配,因此整座建筑只花了三个星期便组装而成。这说明从设计到竣工,整个项目只用了一年的时间。

木材表面除了让建筑具有温暖及自然的感觉之外,它还具有坚固、隔热以及耐腐蚀的特点。

The chosen construction method allowed the structure to be prefabricated off-site and then assembled in just over three weeks. This meant the entire project from detailed design to completion took just one year.
In addition to providing a warm and natural finish that echoes the surrounding trees, the timber surfaces are robust, thermally insulating and corrosion resistant.

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游泳馆的完成意味着校园四个阶段规划第二阶段的完成,在校园里还有Hawkins\Brown事务所翻新的充满历史感的主楼,以及同样由他们设计的游乐场,这些设施更加突出了场地的各项景观。

The completion of the pool building marks the second phase in a four-stage masterplan for the school's campus that will also see Hawkins\Brown refurbish the historic Main House and create a new playground, alongside improving the landscaping of the grounds.

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这个由Russell Brown和 Roger Hawkins合作创办的事务所位于伦敦和曼彻斯特,其工作类型十分广泛。

Hawkins\Brown事务所曾经运用交叉层压木材完成了一座伦敦公寓楼的设计,当时该事务所负责人声称,这是这种材料的建筑作品在欧洲的最高代表。

该事务所的其他项目还包括一座悬挂在剧院天花板上的木质树屋,以及Bartlett建筑学院的整修。

摄影:Jack Hobhouse

The firm, founded by Russell Brown and Roger Hawkins, has offices in London and Manchester, and works across a range of scales and typologies.
Hawkins\Brown previously worked with cross-laminated timber on an apartment block in London, which it claimed at the time was the tallest in Europe to utilise this construction method.
The studio's other projects include a wooden treehouse suspended from the ceiling of a theatre company, and the refurbishment of the Bartlett School of Architecture.
Photography is by Jack Hobhouse.

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项目信息:
建筑设计:Hawkins\Brown
结构工程:Eckersley O'Callaghan
服务:Skelly and Couch
承包商:Gilbert-Ash
景观设计:BD Landscape
运输工程:Motion
生态顾问:TreeLine
BREEAM评估:SRL
项目管理:Pick Everard

Project credits:
Architect: Hawkins\Brown
Structural engineer: Eckersley O'Callaghan
Services: Skelly and Couch
Contractor: Gilbert-Ash
Landscape designer: BD Landscape
Transport engineer: Motion
Ecology advisor: Aspect
Arboriculturalist: TreeLine
BREEAM assessor: SRL
Project management: Pick Everard


出处:本文译自www.dezeen.com/,转载请注明出处。

        
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