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如何将城市浓缩为一座建筑?建筑师告诉你答案第1张图片

波哥大ágora-Bogotá会议中心
ágora-Bogotá / Consorcio Bermúdez Arquitectos + Estudio Herreros

由专筑网李韧,曹逸希编译

áGORA-BOGOTá会议中心并不是传统意义上的会议中心,因为传统的此类建筑往往与城市市民的连接甚少,该项目的却是让建筑与城市市民相结合,设计建造出一个融合大众丰富想象力的公共建筑。因此,建筑师在设计时尽量满足公共性和专业性的需求。首先,这座建筑代表了社会变革,也表达了对于当今社会的环境敏感性。而专业方面的要求则主要集中在实用方面,如建筑流线应使其尽可能地简单易懂,并且还有着层次清晰、逻辑明确的内部服务空间,以及包含有各式形态能够灵活使用的空间。因此,该项目有着两个明确的创新理念,其一是逻辑清晰明确的四个大型竖向枢纽和服务核心;第二,为了将AGORA-BOGOTA想象成发生各种偶遇和活动的地方,而不是传统会议礼堂内倾斜的地板和固定的座位,它的功能空间是根据活动组织者的想象力产生的。

áGORA-BOGOTá will not just be like any convention centre used by sporadic visitors who have little contact with the city, but aims to ascend to the category of a public building infused into all citizens’ imagination. Therefore, all efforts have been concentrated on meeting collective as well as specialized demands. First and foremost, it offers an image which represents the aspirations of a society in transformation and that resembles an environmental sensitivity which inscribes the building in today’s concerns. The specialized demands focus on practical aspects such as circulation systems, easy and comprehensible; an invisible but hierarchical and interconnected distribution of all the internal services that embodies the logistics’ scheme of the building; and a concept of flexibility that accepts the programming of very diverse formats. To this end, the project has adopted two innovative solutions: first, articulating the logistic scheme on the basis of four large vertical circulation and services cores, one in each corner, to facilitate and accommodate the most varied programs; and, second, dispensing with the conventional auditorium’s inclined floors and fixed seating in order to visualize áGORA-BOGOTá as a place of encounters and activities as diverse as anything and everything the imagination of its events organizers is capable of generating.

如何将城市浓缩为一座建筑?建筑师告诉你答案第2张图片

如何将城市浓缩为一座建筑?建筑师告诉你答案第3张图片

建筑内部空间的复杂性与丰富性使它几乎可以称为是一座缩小版的城市。为了表达这一理念,建筑师设置了一个大型有顶棚覆盖着的迎客型庭院,人们可以通过该庭院进入会议中心,这是整个会议中心的主要场所,建筑的整体布局方式合乎城市历史街区,这些城市的印记在很久之前就已形成。庭院大厅序列是空间盘旋上升设计方案的开始,标志着一系列的广场大厅,事实上,通过建筑的主要四个大型核心筒,人们也能够来到这些区域,而类比整座城市来说,这就是四座大型生态设施,即山、历史中心、萨凡纳以及机场沿线开发区。就此看来,建筑的设计充分结合了城市规划及其地理特征。

The scale of the complex and the richness of its interior itineraries enable it to be conceived as an encapsulated fragment of the city. Embodying this concept, a monumental covered courtyard welcomes users and gives access to the great hall, which functions as a main plaza looked onto by a crown of meeting spaces, configuring an imprint in the plan of the building whose dimensions coincide with the blocks of the historic center, which date from the founding of the city. The courtyard-hall sequence is the beginning of an ascending spiral scheme marked by a series of plaza-halls which are in fact observation platforms looking out over the four ecologies that make up the city – the Hills, the Historic Center, the Savannah and the new developments along the route to the airport. From these privileged observatories, the building functions as a mechanism for contemplating and understanding the city and its geography.

如何将城市浓缩为一座建筑?建筑师告诉你答案第4张图片
方案/Program scheme

如何将城市浓缩为一座建筑?建筑师告诉你答案第5张图片

关于建筑的施工和技术,其中最重要的便是结构设施、服务与建造系统之间的统一。这三个技术层面的结合更好地阐述一系列空间,同时也结合运用了能够支持自然通风的被动式空调系统,这些设施充分利用了波哥大当地气候特征,从而通过建筑结合生态来创建宜居的空间环境。而材料的选择主要依据建筑的功能,这样能够直接表达空间特征,让人们对空间的主次关系一目了然。

With regard to the construction and the technologies employed, it is evident that the emphasis has been on achieving a holistic confluence between structural schemes, services and construction systems to form a unitary ensemble. The confluence of these three technical aspects is materialized in a series of diaphanous spaces with a state-of-the-art passive air conditioning system in favor of intelligent natural ventilation that takes advantage of the Bogotá climate to create a happy symbiosis between the building and the ecosystem of which it is part. The choice of materials has been guided by sobriety and clearly reveal the functioning of the building while giving prominence to the space at the disposal of the users, who are the true protagonists.

如何将城市浓缩为一座建筑?建筑师告诉你答案第6张图片
底层平面图/Ground floor plan

如何将城市浓缩为一座建筑?建筑师告诉你答案第7张图片

如何将城市浓缩为一座建筑?建筑师告诉你答案第8张图片
平面图/Plan

如何将城市浓缩为一座建筑?建筑师告诉你答案第9张图片

立面毫无疑问地是这座建筑的核心要素。建筑是运用了一座结合底层结构的大型整体框架,不同尺寸和拼接方式的玻璃幕墙通过电子系统的调节能够充分让新鲜空气进入室内,建筑的立面就像是一层敏感的皮肤,能够精准地反应着环境变化,同时适应当地的气温、日光照射以及湿度。可以说建筑立面包含了城市中的多项复杂因素,但建筑师却采用回归简约的方式将其表达。

There is no doubt that the façade is the signature element of this technical complex. Constructed on the basis of large frames, which incorporate the substructure, the glazing with its different sizes and treatments and the electronically regulated grilles that draw in fresh air from the exterior, the façade is like a sensitive skin that responds to changing conditions, constantly adapting to the temperature, sunlight and humidity of the Bogotá climate. Ultimately the façade is the exact expression in the city of the complexity with which architecture operates and the simplicity which it is bound to give back in return.

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如何将城市浓缩为一座建筑?建筑师告诉你答案第11张图片

如何将城市浓缩为一座建筑?建筑师告诉你答案第12张图片
场地平面图/Site Plan

如何将城市浓缩为一座建筑?建筑师告诉你答案第13张图片
方案图/Scheme

如何将城市浓缩为一座建筑?建筑师告诉你答案第14张图片
剖面图/Section 01

如何将城市浓缩为一座建筑?建筑师告诉你答案第15张图片
剖面图/Section 02

如何将城市浓缩为一座建筑?建筑师告诉你答案第16张图片
立面图/Elevation

建筑设计:Consorcio Bermúdez Arquitectos, Estudio Herreros
地点:哥伦比亚,波哥大
Estudio Herreros主创建筑师:Juan Herreros, Daniel Bermúdez, Jens Richter
面积:70000.0 m2
项目时间:2017年
摄影:Enrique Guzmán, Javier Callejas
制造商:Hunter Douglas Architectural, Metecno

Architects: Consorcio Bermúdez Arquitectos, Estudio Herreros
LocationvBogotá, Bogota, Colombia
Estudio Herreros Author Architects: Juan Herreros, Daniel Bermúdez, Jens Richter
Area: 70000.0 m2
Project Year: 2017
Photographs: Enrique Guzmán, Javier Callejas
Manufacturers: Hunter Douglas Architectural, Metecno


出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。
        
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