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为什么一些景观设计研究生不了解种植?
Why Do Some Graduate Landscape Architects Have a Poor Understanding of Planting?

由专筑网孙佳,邢子编译

文章来自Kamil Rawski。在本文中,我们将研究年轻的专业人士对于作为景观设计师应该知道的种植方面所缺乏的知识。在追求景观学位的过程中,学生有机会获得丰富的种植知识,但与其他学科一样,有些学生会比其他学生更认真对待这个问题。

由于植被的大小,形状及其美学特性,通常设计种植计划被简化为组成不同的空间形式。理论上,设计师总是能够通过适当的种植使场地更有吸引力,主要是因为大多数人喜欢鲜花组合的多彩形式。然而,观赏植物并不是可以使用的唯一植物。将植被作为景观的重要元素进行处理,并通过用植物构建个别空间或创造特定的绿色节奏来使空间更加美化,这可以引导人们的眼睛到达所需的地方。

然而,与硬景观元素不同,植物不能仅仅因为它们“看起来很好”或“匹配”该场地而被选择。相反,设计师必须考虑各种因素,包括种植区,需水量,光照要求和土壤酸度等等。然而不幸的是,书本上的内容并不总是在现实世界中起作用,因此必须小心选择适合的地点进行种植。

Article by Kamil Rawski In this article we examine what knowledge young professionals lack about planting that every landscape architect should know. In the pursuit of a landscape architecture degree, students have the opportunity to acquire a wealth of knowledge on planting, but as with other subjects there are some students who take this issue more seriously than others. Very often creating planting plans is reduced to composing different spatial forms due to size, shape, or aesthetic qualities of vegetation. In theory, designers are always able to make a space more attractive to the user by applying appropriate plantings, mainly because most people enjoy colorful combinations of blooming flowers. However, ornamental plantings aren’t the only situation where plants can be used. Treating vegetation as a vital element of the landscape can make the space more desirable by framing individual spaces with plants or by creating a specific rhythm of greenery, which could direct the viewer’s eye to the desired place. However, unlike hardscape elements, plants cannot be chosen simply because they “look good” or “match” the site. Rather, a variety of elements must be considered including planting zone, water needs, light requirements, and soil acidity, to name a few. It is important to keep in mind that what appears great on paper, unfortunately, doesn’t always work in the real world, so care must be taken to choose the appropriate plantings for each site.

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加州普拉亚维斯塔中央公园由Michael Maltzan Architecture + Office of James Burnett设计/Playa Vista C