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在大趋势环境下,你真的了解BIM的作用与发展进程吗?第1张图片

Courtesy of Bricsys

BIM并非只是软件
Building Information Modeling is More than Software

由专筑网李韧,吴静雅编译

这是2018年,AEC行业的每个人都很清楚地知道,BIM是建筑、基础设施设计、施工、后期维护的未来发展趋势。BIM软件公司每年花费数百万营销资金试图说服您,如果没有他们的产品,那么建筑信息模型便不可能发展得如此迅速,大概意思就是,这些软件才是“真正的建筑信息模型”。我们生活在开放的资本主义社会中,这样的行为是预期的。但是,如果您所在的建筑事务所正在向BIM发展,那么有必要了解一下其背景信息。

在维基百科中,关于建筑信息模型的第一段说明,就阐述了建筑信息模型是“并没有特定格式,但是包含有特定信息”的文件,当然这么说起来有些抽象。但是如果你的BIM软件由于某些原因而无法读取,那么你的工作有可能已经被限制。许多人认为这很难接受,同时这也阻止了他们在BIM方面的进步与成就。

It is 2018, and it should be clear to everyone in the AEC industry that BIM is the future of building, infrastructure design, construction, and maintenance. There are millions of marketing dollars spent by BIM software companies each year trying to convince you that Building Information Modeling can’t happen without their product. They will try to convince you that their product is the “real BIM.” Of course, we live in an open, capitalist society where this behavior is expected. However, if you and your firm are making the move to BIM, this background noise may be concerning... and if it’s not, it should be.
In the first paragraph of Wikipedia's entry on Building Information Modeling, the statement is made that building information models are files that are “...often but not always in proprietary formats and containing proprietary data…” This is troubling to some, however, understandable, of course. If your BIM software solution becomes inaccessible for any reason, your work is captive. For many, this is unacceptable and prevents them from moving forward to the power of BIM.

在大趋势环境下,你真的了解BIM的作用与发展进程吗?第2张图片

Courtesy of Bricsys

特定格式与数据库的概念根植于传统BIM的基本理念

这个概念可以追溯到计算机科学的初始发展年代,这个概念是,这些定制数据结构可以通过提升访问速度而进行优化存储信息,同时减少BIM数据的加载时间。虽然这是事实,但是当你结合考虑如今计算机的强大能力时便会发现,这样的说法也不能这么绝对。特定文件格式结合限制系统和规程的特定BIM解决策略,也许会对你的工作产生反作用力。

The idea of proprietary formats and databases is rooted in the concept of traditional BIM.
This concept goes back to the beginning days of computer science. The concept is that these custom data structures can be optimized to store information formatted in a way that improves access speed, reducing the time needed to load the BIM’s data. While this can be true, it’s not a given - especially when you consider the incredible capabilities of today’s computers. And it is possible that proprietary file formats actually hinder productivity by limiting the way that proprietary BIM solutions work across systems and disciplines.

在大趋势环境下,你真的了解BIM的作用与发展进程吗?第3张图片

Courtesy of Bricsys

缺乏软件良好互动性是当今效率与技术策略的主要障碍,这比这个问题刚出现时更加迫切一些。有些事务所不愿意发展BIM技术,那么他们便限制了自己在AEC工作流中与其他学科的合作能力。那么这会限制整个项目的专业性,同时提升项目总成本,加大各个专业之间的鸿沟,最后导致费用高昂并不断地重复某些不必要步骤。

那么,这样的问题能够解决吗?当然可以,但有些人并不这么认为。现代互动BIM工作流的第一部分便是以工业标准、非特定格式文件为基础,接下来,你会希望你的BIM模型数据能够符合开放式国际化标准。在这个过程中,你需要能够在支持所有BIM工作流程中所有学科的多个BIM工具之间准确地传输BIM数据。

This lack of good software interoperability is a major obstacle to efficiency and technology adoption. This is more insidious than it might appear at first. As firms resist the move to BIM, they limit their ability to work with other disciplines in the larger AEC workflow. This can limit access to expertise, raise total project costs, and add workflow gaps that can lead to costly rework.
Is there a solution to this problem? Yes, and it’s not what some may believe to be the obvious answer. The first part of a modern, interoperable BIM workflow is based on industry standard, non-proprietary file formats. Then, you’ll want your BIM model data represented in accordance with open, international standards. And you’ll need the ability to transfer BIM data accurately between multiple BIM tools that support all disciplines in this modern BIM workflow.

在大趋势环境下,你真的了解BIM的作用与发展进程吗?第4张图片

Courtesy of Bricsys

而这些解决思路都可以从Bricsys而获得。 我们整理了一份关于现代BIM价值主张的白皮书。您可以在网上将其下载下来,然后通过BIM概念建模软件BricsCAD Shape来进行相应的研究,这款软件免费试用,无商业限制。

This solution is available today from Bricsys. We’ve put together a white paper on the modern BIM Value Proposition. And while your free white paper is downloading, you should investigate our solids-based BIM concept modeler, BricsCAD Shape, which is free of charge for everyone, with no commercial usage restrictions.

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