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储气罐式的圆形建筑,好看又宜居第1张图片


圆柱形公寓
Mecanoo's cylindrical apartments designed to recall gasholders

由专筑网李韧,吴静雅编译

荷兰建筑事务所Mecanoo近期将荷兰希尔弗瑟姆市的一座煤气工厂改造为住宅区,建筑形态呈圆柱形,意在模仿被拆除的储气罐。

位于荷兰代尔夫特的Mecanoo建筑事务所设计了工业别墅区的整体规划,该场地原先用于荷兰区域能源供应公司,而现在则提供了有357套住房。

Dutch architecture firm Mecanoo has transformed a gasworks in the city of Hilversum into a residential neighbourhood featuring cylindrical apartment buildings intended to resemble the dismantled gasholders.
The Delft-based practice designed the Villa Industria masterplan to provide 357 homes on the former site of the Regional Energy Supply Company in the Dutch city

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原有的煤气厂最初位于城市郊区,但随着城市的发展,这里逐渐发展被住宅区包围。

当工业园区搬迁时,决定通过引入经济适用房和自住房产,小型企业单位和体育设施的混合物来重建场地。

The gasworks was originally located on the edge of the city but gradually became enclosed by residential developments as Hilversum expanded.
When the industrial complex was relocated the decision was taken to regenerate the site by introducing a mixture of affordable housing alongside owner-occupied properties, small business units and sports facilities.

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整体规划的设计旨在是建造一座全新的街区,具有独特的认同感,这些特征受工业遗址的影响。

居住区占地面积为74000平方米,建筑立面由红砖建造,其形式、材料、细部设施,都参考了原先的煤气厂。

The design for the masterplan aims to create a new neighbourhood with a distinct sense of identity, which is influenced by the site's industrial heritage.
The various buildings that occupy the 74,000-square-metre plot are unified by the use of red brick and include forms, materials and details intended to directly reference the history of the gasworks.

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建筑师说:“工业别墅建筑有着和谐的材质特征、塑性设计语汇,以及工业化细部设施。”

“诸如钢和玻璃等冷色调和红砖的暖色调恰到好处地结合在一起。”

"The architecture of Villa Industria has a harmonious materialisation, a sculptural design language, and industrial detailing," the architects said.
"Cool materials, such as steel and glass are combined with warm materials like red to red-brown bricks with subtle relief."

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诸如立面上的标识等装饰,以及不同尺寸红砖、不同砌筑方式等措施都为该项目增添了多样性。

其中最显著的地标以及罪清晰的参考了煤气厂的便是三座圆柱形钢框架红砖建筑,呼应了原先的储气罐。

Together with ornamental details such as identifying letters and numbers created in relief on the facades, the use of different brick sizes and masonry techniques helps to introduce diversity to the scheme.
The most prominent landmark and the clearest reference to the old gasworks is a cluster of three residential buildings enclosed by a cylindrical steel frames that recall the original gasholders.

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工业别墅区内的建筑属于城市整体规划,其中也结合了诸多绿地系统,建筑师将停车场设置与地下,为地面留出了更多的公共空间,方便了行人和骑自行车者。

作为开发中融入的设施的一部分,现有的游泳池重新铺设红砖、钢、玻璃,与住宅建筑外观相呼应。

The buildings within the Villa Industria development form part of an urban plan that incorporates as much green space as possible. Car parking is hidden away below ground to allow for public spaces that prioritise use by pedestrians and cyclists.
As part of the amenities incorporated into the development, an existing swimming pool was re-clad in brick, steel and glass to match the appearance of the residential buildings.

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在翻新游泳池的上部设置有一座全新的体育中心和健身房,建筑由倾斜的钢柱所制成,而这些支柱也直接暴露于建筑的立面之中。

在柱子后方的玻璃上,是艺术家Berend Strik精心设计的插画,不仅增加了视觉效果,同时也为泳池增添了一分隐私。

A new sports hall and fitness centre positioned on top of the refurbished pool are supported by angled steel columns that are left exposed along the building's facade.
A graphic illustration designed by artist Berend Strik is applied to the glazing behind these columns to provide privacy for the pool.

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另一个住宅区有着拱形屋顶的梯型建筑,这呼应了以前的某座旧仓库。

建筑环绕场地而排布,并且通过高度与周围的建筑相呼应。这些住宅中央围合成庭院,有的则是私人花园。

Another of the residential buildings is a terraced block featuring vaulted roofs which evoke the form of an old warehouse that previously occupied the plot.
Buildings arranged around the perimeter of the site respond to the surrounding context by matching the height of neighbouring structures. These dwellings are distributed around courtyards divided into private gardens.

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Mecanoo建筑事务所近期参与了全球不同规模的整体规划项目,其中有纽约公共图书馆的更新与改造,以及中国深圳某商业区的开发。

三座维多利亚风格的储气柜同样被改造为豪华公寓,而该项目则位于伦敦国王十字街区,另外,一座古老的工业建筑则被改造为了环形公园。

摄影:Mecanoo Architecten

Mecanoo is currently involved in several masterplanning projects of varying scales around the world, including the renovation of New York's Public Library and the development of a new commercial district in Shenzhen.
As part of the transformation of a site at London's King’s Cross, a trio of Victorian gasholder frames was converted into luxury apartments, while another of the old industrial structures now encloses a circular park.
Photography is by Mecanoo Architecten.

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项目信息:

客户:Heijmans, Amersfoort
结构工程:ABT Delft
机电工程:Viac Installatieadviseurs
建筑物理顾问:Nex2us
艺术设计:Berend Strik

Project credits:
Client: Heijmans, Amersfoort
Structural engineer: ABT Delft
Mechanical and electrical engineer: Viac Installatieadviseurs
Building physics consultant: Nex2us
Artist: Berend Strik

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