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2018年度Dezeen杂志十佳美国建筑项目
Dezeen's top 10 US architecture projects of 2018

由专筑网王帅,吴静雅编译

美国编辑Dan Howarth回顾总结了美国的有趣的建筑项目,在过去的一年里,美国出现了很多新的建筑项目,例如扎哈·哈迪德建筑事务所的纽约公寓,亚马逊的西雅图种满植物的填充球,以及令人惊讶的麦当劳芝加哥餐厅。

The past 12 months saw the completion of Zaha Hadid's condos in New York, Amazon's plant-filled Spheres in Seattle, and a surprising McDonald's restaurant in Chicago. US editor Dan Howarth continues our review of 2018 with these and more of America's most interesting architecture from this year.

“财大气粗”的美国,今年有哪些让人惊叹的建筑项目?第1张图片


520 West 28th公寓/扎哈·哈迪德建筑事务所

令人期待已久的扎哈·哈迪德建筑事务所在纽约唯一的建筑项目——520 West 28th公寓已完工,这座公寓包括39座私人住宅,它们被包裹在弯曲的钢带和玻璃之中。

这座11层的大楼横跨切尔西广受欢迎的高线公园,大楼还囊括了一座游泳池和一座IMAX影院,以及一套售价约5000万美元的顶层公寓。

520 West 28th by Zaha Hadid Architects
The eagerly awaited 520 West 28th – late architect Zaha Hadid's only building in New York City – includes 39 private residences wrapped in sinuous bands of steel and glazing with curved corners.
Straddling the popular High Line park in Chelsea, the 11-storey block also includes a swimming pool and an IMAX theatre, and a penthouse that is on the market for $50 million.

“财大气粗”的美国,今年有哪些让人惊叹的建筑项目?第2张图片


赖特伍德659/安藤忠雄

日本建筑师安藤忠雄使用他的独特手法,极简主义的混凝土表面和戏剧性的楼梯,将芝加哥的一座旧砖房打造成一座以建筑为中心的展览中心。

这座四层高的展览中心位于林肯公园附近,现在是赖特伍德659的所在地,画廊致力于建筑和社会参与的艺术展览。

Wrightwood 659 by Tadao Ando
Japanese architect Tadao Ando turned an old brick building in Chicago into an architecture-focused exhibition centre, using plenty of his signature, minimalist concrete surfaces and a dramatic staircase.
The four-storey structure, completed in the city's Lincoln Park neighbourhood, is now home to the Wrightwood 659 gallery dedicated to exhibitions of architecture and socially engaged art.

“财大气粗”的美国,今年有哪些让人惊叹的建筑项目?第3张图片


Peconic之家/Mapos事务所

这座俯瞰长岛Peconic湾的度假别墅被一片长满草的屋顶和未经处理的木质覆盖,远处观望,建筑与山坡融为一体。

纽约Mapos建筑事务所在2016年建成了这座4000平方英尺(372平方米)的家庭住宅。但当我们在八月份出版这座住宅的报道时,即刻成为了最受人欢迎的项目之一。

Peconic House by Mapos
This holiday home overlooking Long Island's Peconic Bay is disguised by a grassy roof and untreated wood cladding that allow it to blend into the hillside.
New York City firm Mapos completed the 4,000-square-foot (372-square-metre) family residence in 2016, but it became one of our most popular stories of the year when we published in August.

“财大气粗”的美国,今年有哪些让人惊叹的建筑项目?第4张图片


The Spheres/NBBJ

零售巨头亚马逊的西雅图总部使用了三座巨大的植物填充圆顶,除了为员工提供工作场所外,还为公众提供了一片绿色空间。

The Spheres项目使用了620吨安装有镶嵌玻璃板的钢材制成,这些钢材相互连接,形成一个球体,为内部的“云雾森林”创造一片温度可控的环境。

The Spheres by NBBJ
Retail giant Amazon's Seattle headquarters gained a trio of huge plant-filled domes, which provide work areas for employees and green space for the public.
The Spheres are constructed from 620 tons of steel filled-in with tessellated glass panels, form connected orbs that create a temperature-controlled environment for the "cloud forests" inside.

“财大气粗”的美国,今年有哪些让人惊叹的建筑项目?第5张图片


Sackett山庄/Deborah Berke Partners事务所

这座位于康涅狄格州农村的低矮住宅出自纽约Deborah Berke Partners事务所之手,建筑外覆盖着与周围森林融为一体的黑色壁板。

萨克特山庄坐落在一处广袤的土地上,这里可以欣赏远处的风景。通过一条蜿蜒的长车道后,这座建筑从树木中隐约可见。

Sackett Hill House by Deborah Berke Partners
This low-slung residence in rural Connecticut, completed by New York firm Deborah Berke Partners, is clad in black siding to blend into the surrounding forest.
The Sackett Hill House sits on an expansive property that enjoys distant landscape views, and is approached via a long winding driveway from which it gradual appears from between the trees.

“财大气粗”的美国,今年有哪些让人惊叹的建筑项目?第6张图片


麦当劳芝加哥餐厅-Ross Barney Architects事务所

快餐连锁麦当劳拆除了他们在芝加哥标志性的摇滚餐厅,取而代之的是Ross Barney Architects事务所的一座与任何一家麦当劳餐厅截然不同的新建筑。

这座钢木结构的建筑内拥有许多可持续的元素,例如一层太阳能电池板,多家新闻媒体称赞其与科技巨头苹果(Apple)的商店不相上下。

McDonald's Chicago Flagship by Ross Barney Architects
Fast-food chain McDonald's replaced its iconic Rock N Roll restaurant in Chicago with a building by Ross Barney Architects that is "unlike any in the company's portfolio".
The steel and timber structure boasts a number of sustainable elements, including a canopy of solar panels, and was compared to tech giant Apple's stores by several news outlets.

“财大气粗”的美国,今年有哪些让人惊叹的建筑项目?第7张图片


Off-Grid Guest住宅/Anacapa Architecture和Willson Design工作室

顾名思义,这座位于加州海岸的水泥和玻璃住宅拥有一系列可持续的功能,将这座建筑物对环境的影响降到最低。

旅馆坐落在野生动物保护区内一个斜坡上,住宅内可以俯瞰太平洋,同时住宅也使用自己产生的能量。

Off-Grid Guest House by Anacapa Architecture and Willson Design
As its name suggests, this concrete-and-glass dwelling for a coastal property in California boasts a bevy of sustainable features that minimise the building's impact on the environment.
Nestled into a sloped site within a wildlife preserve, the guest house offers sweeping views of the Pacific Ocean and generates all of its own energy.

“财大气粗”的美国,今年有哪些让人惊叹的建筑项目?第8张图片


格兰斯通博物馆扩建场馆/Thomas Phifer Partners事务所

Thomas Phifer and Partners建筑事务所在一片宁静的池塘周围布置了混凝土盒子展馆,以此作为马里兰州的格兰斯通博物馆扩建项目的一部分。

这些新展馆为格兰斯通博物馆增加了将近50,000平方英尺(4,645平方米)的室内展览空间。该博物馆是一家私人机构,这里收藏了令人印象深刻的战后艺术品。

The Pavilions at Glenstone Museum by Thomas Phifer Partners
Concrete boxes housing galleries are laid out around a tranquil pond as part of this minimalist museum extension in Maryland, which architecture firm Thomas Phifer and Partners embedded in the rolling landscape.
The Pavilions add 50,000 square feet (4,645 square metres) of indoor exhibition space to the Glenstone Museum, a private institution with an impressive collection of post-war art.

“财大气粗”的美国,今年有哪些让人惊叹的建筑项目?第9张图片


美国Animo 南洛杉矶高中/Brooks + Scarpa建筑事务所

Brooks + Scarpa建筑事务所在洛杉矶一所高中被大火烧毁后参与了重建设计,该事务所使用明黄色的铝合金作为建筑的饰面。

这座学校坐落于Westmont-West Athens社区,这里是是洛杉矶犯罪率最高的地方之一,因此,该工作室设计的建筑物具备“视觉开放,但完全安全”的属性。

Animo South Los Angeles High School by Brooks + Scarpa
Architecture firm Brooks + Scarpa reconstructed a high school in Los Angeles after it was destroyed by a fire, choosing a bright yellow finish for its aluminium facades.
The school is located in the Westmont-West Athens neighbourhood, which has one of the highest crime rates in LA county, so the studio designed the building to be "visually open but entirely secured".

“财大气粗”的美国,今年有哪些让人惊叹的建筑项目?第10张图片


Silvernails住宅/Amalgam工作室

Amalgam建筑工作室在哈德逊河谷的高架场地上建造了一座长条形的度假住宅,这里有松树覆盖的墙壁和带天窗的山墙屋顶。

这座建筑的设计结合了坐落在该地区的传统谷仓的设计手法,营造出通风的客房和带外露木梁的天花板。

Silvernails House by Amalgam Studio
Architecture firm Amalgam Studio created this long, linear holiday home for an elevated site in the Hudson Valley, with pine-clad walls and a gabled roof punctuated with skylights.
The building's design takes cues from traditional barns that dot the area, resulting in airy rooms and ceilings with exposed timber beams.

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