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高速公路下的全新小天地——Bentway公园第1张图片


The Bentway park opens under Toronto's Gardiner Expressway

由专筑网李韧,邢子编译

加拿大多伦多Public Work公司和Greenberg Consultants公司在城市Gardiner下方设计了一座全新的公园,为行人与骑行者带来“重要的路径”。

Bentway公园的第一阶段包含公园与道路的设计,道路长约1.75公里,该阶段已于2018年8月完工。

Toronto firms Public Work and Greenberg Consultants have completed a new park underneath the city's Gardiner Expressway, to provide "a vital artery for pedestrians and cyclists".
The first phase of The Bentway – a new park and path planned to span 1.75 kilometres (one mile) underneath the elevated freeway – wrapped up in August 2018.

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该方案于2015年首次公布,由Public Work事务所负责景观设计,并且与Greenberg Consultants顾问公司合作。

这两家公司的目标是将空间再利用,为使用者创造适合全年与户外的活动空间。

First revealed in 2015, the proposal is the brainchild of Public Work – which served as the design lead and landscape architect – and design advisor Greenberg Consultants.
The two firms aimed to create various outdoor areas for year-round activities and events in the under-utilised space.

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全新的设施以现有上部设施为基础,并且利用支撑高速公路的支柱来划分空间。

建筑师说:“Public Work事务所的设计起点是Gardiner高速公路的一系列结构支撑体系,在这里我们称呼它们为‘bents’,这些支柱可以单独使用,也可以共同组合,形成各式各样的活动空间。”

New facilities are protected from the elements by the existing infrastructure above, and separated by concrete pillars that support the highway.
"Public Work's starting point for the design was the Gardiner [Expressway's] series of supportive concrete columns called 'bents', that can either function together or on their own to offer spaces for a diverse range of programming and events," said a statement.

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“高速公路为这座公园构成了与众不同的顶盖,这些支柱也成为电力、管道、照明系统的结构支撑。”

近期完工的部分从Strachan大道延伸至Bathurst大街,跨越7个不同的城市街区。建筑师表示,这将会为行人与骑行者带来“重要的路径”。

"The expressway provides a canopy at varying heights from intimate to a majestic 15 metres high, with the bents offering structural support for clamps, cables, power and lighting."
The recently completed portion of The Bentway stretches from Strachan Avenue to Bathurst Street, and runs across seven different neighbourhoods in the city. The firms said it will provide "a vital artery for pedestrians and cyclists".

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包括花园、滑冰场、娱乐区等设施、以及能够用于各项公共活动的空间,都沿着一条郁郁葱葱的道路蜿蜒向前,另外还有这一座可用作室外剧院观众台的楼梯,和一条可步行、慢跑、骑行的道路。

人们会通过Strachan大门进入到开放露台剧院,这里可容纳大约250人,还有包括洗手间、草地景观、绿色空间等一系列配套设施。

Facilities include various gardens, a skate trail, recreational amenities, as well as space for markets, public art, festivals and other public events. Additional aspects include a meandering walkway with plantings, a staircase that doubles as seating for an outdoor theatre, and a wider path for cyclists, skaters and joggers.
To enter the first section of The Bentway, visitors descend at Strachan Gate into an open-air amphitheatre, where bleachers can seat about 250. Washrooms, an adjacent lawn, and a green room also complete this zone.

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这条道路还扩大了通向Fort York的通道,Fort York是一座占地43英亩(约17.4公顷)的国家历史场所,建造于1812年美英战争之时。

在Fort York游客中心旁侧还有另一个活动空间。附近场地郁郁葱葱,种植着许多当地植物,这里设置有可持续排水系统,能够过滤来自道路的雨水。

建筑师说:“在地面层,该项目将公共与私人区域连接在一起,并且进行了雨水的处理,将土地进行再利用,从而构成全新的场所。”

Bentway公园的大多数设计策略以适应性再利用为基础,重新利用现有的建筑元素和设计概念。

The new path also expands access to Fort York, which is a 43-acre national historic landmark with buildings dating back to the War of 1812 – a conflict between the United States and the United Kingdom.
Another events space is located in front of Fort York's visitor centre. Nearby is a lush area with indigenous grasses, which is intended to be watered by storm run-off from the roadway above via a sustainable drainage system.
"On the ground, the project knits together public and private land, treats stormwater and repurposes displaced soil to establish a new topography," said the statement
Much of The Bentway's design is based on adaptive reuse, utilising existing architectural elements and design concepts to guide the project.

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建筑师说:“该项目的材料表达了其灵活性,也表达了我们希望通过最小的干预手段来获得最大的影响效益的目标。”

沿着道路延伸的支柱也成为室外活动不同空间之间的划分。一开始用于维修标记的编号现在成为了区域的定位信息。

"The project's materiality demonstrates resourcefulness and an overall desire to apply the lightest touch to achieve the greatest impact," said the statement.
Pillars, which are used as markers along the pathway below, also create nooks for different outdoor zones. Existing numbers that were originally used to mark for repair purposes are now reinterpreted for wayfinding.

高速公路下的全新小天地——Bentway公园第8张图片


建筑师说:“多功能空间是多伦多独特创意能量与服务体系的表达,也是基础设施再利用与全新公共生活空间设计的体现。”

该道路体系同样应用了可回收材料,其中包括一些建筑垃圾。

"The multifunctional space is an expression of Toronto's unique creative energy and serves as an example of how the re-use of infrastructure can support new forms of public life," said the team.
The paving system also uses recycled materials, including construction debris.

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在项目的初始阶段,事务所沿着道路设计了一条220米厂的滑冰道,到了夏天,这条滑冰道便成为了儿童水上活动区域。

在项目的下一个阶段,工人们会应用交叉层压木材建造一座悬挂在高速公路下方的木桥。这让人们能够安全快速地抵达Fort York大道。

Prior to this initial phase, the firms completed a 220-metre-long skate trail along The Bentway last year, which becomes a water play zone or "kids' splash pad" in the summertime.
The next phase will see a wooden bridge built from cross-laminated timber and suspended from the underside of the Gardiner Expressway. The design will offer a safe route to access Fort York Boulevard.

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Bentway公园能够连接多伦多几个重要的场所,其中有Fort York国家历史遗址、安大略展览馆、Harbourfront中心、加拿大国家电视塔。

该项目由多伦多市政与慈善家Judy 、Wilmot Matthews共同投资,为非盈利项目。为了项目能够顺利运营,投资人还设立了Bentway Conservancy对项目进行管理。

The Bentway is planned to link important attractions and destinations across Toronto, from Fort York National Historic Site, Ontario Place and Exhibition Place, to Harbourfront Centre and the CN Tower.
The project was funded through a public-private partnership between the City of Toronto, and philanthropists Judy and Wilmot Matthews. Not-for-profit The Bentway Conservancy has been set up to manage and operate the scheme.

高速公路下的全新小天地——Bentway公园第11张图片

Photograph by Denise Militzer

该项目是近几年来多伦多众多建筑与城市化项目之一。

Bentway公园也是高线网络的一部分,是国际网络项目,目的是将废弃的基础设施改造为全新的城市景观,该项目由纽约的高线公园所发起。

James Corner Field Operations也在一系列高架运输体系下方进行了设计,该项目长度为10英里(约16公里)。

摄影:Nic Lehoux(除非另有说明)

The development is among a number of architecture and urbanism projects set to transform Toronto in the upcoming years.
The Bentway is also a member of the High Line Network, an international network of projects that transform forgotten infrastructure into new urban landscapes, which was instigated by New York City's High Line.
The Underline in Miami by James Corner Field Operations is similarly designed underneath an elevated transport route, planned as a 10-mile-long (16-kilometre-long) park and urban trail.
Photography is by Nic Lehoux unless stated otherwise.

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项目信息:

设计负责人与景观设计:Public Work
设计顾问:Greenberg Consultants
结构工程:Blackwell
灯光设计:Tillett Lighting Design Associates
电力工程:DPM Energy and E-Lumen
土木与机械工程:WSP
标识系统:Bespoke Cultural Collective
建筑设计(Strachan Gate Building):Gensler
建筑设计(Skating Building):Kearns Mancini Architects
结构工程(Skating Building):RJC
岩土工程:Amec Foster Wheeler
喷泉设计:DEW
灌溉工程:Smart Watering Systems
施工管理:Peter Kiewit Sons

Project credits:
Design lead and landscape architect: Public Work
Design advisor: Greenberg Consultants
Structural engineer: Blackwell
Lighting design: Tillett Lighting Design Associates
Electrical engineer: DPM Energy and E-Lumen
Civil and mechanical engineer: WSP
Signage and wayfinding: Bespoke Cultural Collective
Architect (Strachan Gate Building): Gensler
Architect (Skating Building): Kearns Mancini Architects
Structural engineer (Skating Building): RJC
Geotechnical engineer: Amec Foster Wheeler
Fountain design: DEW
Irrigation: Smart Watering Systems
Construction Manager: Peter Kiewit Sons

        
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