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阿斯塔纳城市愿景/ DRA&U Architects第1张图片

阿斯塔纳城市愿景项目是一个可容纳30000居民、工人和游客的新场所。该项目终于在充满朝气、活泼的哈萨克斯坦首都找到了它的正确位置,因为在这里人们很注重城市发展,尤其是该城市在期待即将到来的国际事件中是非常注意自己的城市形象的,例如,为了迎接即将到来的2017年世博会。


Astana City Vision is the project for a new facility capable of accommodating up to 30,000 residents, workers and visitors. This project finds its right place in the young and lively capital of Kazakhstan, where urban development is carefully administered especially in anticipation of the upcoming international events in which the city is called to respond such as the EXPO 2017.

阿斯塔纳城市愿景/ DRA&U Architects第2张图片

该项目中无论是就其建筑、工程、环境可持续性还是技术方面都是利用创新的标准进行构思和设计。这一雄心勃勃的项目是有着双重目的的,一方面在力求创建一个更加有效的城市,另一方面在寻求解决阿斯塔纳气候问题的办法(阿斯塔纳的温度从冬季的零下40度到夏季的40度,被认为是全世界最冷的首都)。
     在该项目方案实施过程,设计师一直遵循客户提出的三个关键点要求:
      —阿斯塔纳市愿景作为城市和社会发展的一个新的智能模型;
      —阿斯塔纳市愿景在高科技领域中作为工业发展的一个机会;
      —阿斯塔纳市愿景作为一个可持续发展的城市。
      阿斯塔纳市愿景带领该城市进入高效、功能化的理念,对城市的散热资源和能源方面失控的增长做出了一个有力的回应。获得能源的途径直接决定了社会、经济和环境发展的具体方案。技术研究和科学进步和能源的各种来源的优化是密切相关的,它定义了社会功能的方法,并引导能源有一个可持续发展的未来。


Conceived and designed with innovative criteria in terms of architecture, engineering, environmental sustainability and technology, this ambitious project has the dual purpose in one hand of tracking the guideline for a more efficient city, and on the other to find a solution to the climatic problem of Astana (which is considered to be the coldest capital in the world with temperatures from -40 in winter to +40 in summer).
This project has followed the requirements of the client who has placed at the center of its program three key points:
- Astana City Vision as a new intelligent model of urban and social development;
- Astana City Vision as an opportunity for industrial development in the high-tech sector;
- Astana City Vision as a sustainable city.
Astana City Vision leads the way to the idea of the city becoming efficient and functional, becoming the concrete response to the unregulated growth of cities dissipating resources and energy. Access to energy sources directly determines concrete scenarios for social, economic and environmental development. Technological research and scientific advances related to the optimization of the various sources of energy define the functional approaches of societies and lead to an energy-sustainable future.

阿斯塔纳城市愿景/ DRA&U Architects第3张图片

充满智慧的城市

      阿斯塔纳市愿景项目位于阿斯塔纳东部一块1.75平方公里的土地上。该项目的设计考虑到了未来的发展,有了这个新城市的发展规划,与其说这是一个智能城市,不如说这是一个“充满智慧的城市”,它能作为一个有机体对脉冲做出反应,并根据市民的需要发挥其功能。
      创建一个直径1500米高度350米的大圆顶是该项目的第一步,如此一来,就会创建出一个小气候,为阿斯塔纳的气候问题做出回应。这种测地线结构使我们有能力控制内部温度,以惊人的方式改善内部温度,同时,限制能源的耗费。


SENSE[able] City
Astana City Vision will be developed on an area of 1.75 sq km in the east of the city of Astana. Designed as a settlement projected towards the future, the image we have of this new urban development is not so much of a smart city, but a " Senseable City", capable of functioning as an organism that is able to react to the impulses and to change its technological structure and function according to the needs of the true protagonist of this project: the citizens.
The need to create a large dome (1500 m in diameter and a height of 350 meters) was the first step in order to create a microclimate that can respond to the climatic problem Astana. This geodesic structure gives us the ability to control the climate inside improving the temperature inside in a surprising manner, and at the same time limiting the dissipation of energy resources.

阿斯塔纳城市愿景/ DRA&U Architects第4张图片

该项目的总体规划包括住宅和商业领域、酒店综合体、写字楼、宗教建筑等所有城市的传统功能的建设,以及致力于经济发展与数字领域方面的建设。以此方式,一个全新的经济和工业系统将会被开发出来,而且,对作为传统工业的空间和基础设施将不再要求,导致城市外部生产离域现象出现。数码行业将把工人带回城市,工作和生产场所将根据这些新的参数进行重新设计。被很多人称作“第三次工业革命”的工厂将会从大变小。


The masterplan of the project includes the construction of residential and commercial areas, hotel compounds, office buildings, religius buildings and plus all the traditional functions of a city, as well as creating areas dedicated to the development of economies related to the digital sector, investing heavily in the high-tech industry and the emergence of new start-ups. In this way a totally new economic and industrial system will be developed which will not require the spaces and the infrastructure as traditional industry, that has led to the phenomenon of delocalization of production outside of the cities. The digital industry will bring back the workers to the city, work and production spaces will be redesigned according to these new parameters. And the factories of what many call the third industrial revolution will become from BIG to SMART.

阿斯塔纳城市愿景/ DRA&U Architects第5张图片

该项目的建筑面积将会达到两百万平方米,而大的空间将被保留为绿地和休闲设施。结构的流动性将被允许只用于电动车或自行车,五个入口大门将会通向停车区,所以居民和游客可以将车开进来停在这里。五个通道入口分别连接通向该结构中心的五条主路,占地250平方米的摩天大楼就屹立在那里。五条主路通过围绕圆顶周边的环路互相连接在一起。同时,五条道路还充当五个建筑分块的分隔,比如休闲设施和绿地就是这样被分开的。从住宅到行政和工业建筑,所有的建筑包括摩天大楼被设计成不同用途的多功能设施。
      阿斯塔纳市愿景项目是一个真正的社会项目的方案,它能够给人们的生活提供一个新的城市社区、文化和生态可持续发展。


The built area will be approx. 2 million square meters, while large spaces will be reserved for green areas and recreational facilities. Mobility within the structure will be permitted only with electric vehicles or bicycles. The five entry gates will be connected with the parking areas where petrol vehicles will be parked by both residents and occasional visitors. These five acceess gates will be the starting point for the five major roads that will lead to the the center of the structure where a 250 square meters skyscraper will stand high. These roads are also connected to each other via a ring road that runs around the perimeter of the dome. They also act as dividers between the five areas where all the buildings will be erected such as the leisure facilities and the green areas. All buildings including the skyscraper are designed as multipurpose facilities with different uses, ranging from residential to administrative and industrial.
Astana City Vision is a real social project proposal able to give life to a new urban community, culturally and ecologically sustainable.


绿色畅想,智能行动——可持续发展城市


THINK GREEN, ACT SMART —  SUSTAINABILITY CITY

阿斯塔纳城市愿景/ DRA&U Architects第6张图片

空气循环

      阿斯塔纳被世界上最极端的栖息地之一包围着。冬季温度非常低,夏季非常酷热,每天的温度变化非常大。出于这个原因,该项目计划在一个透明穹顶下实现一个受保护的环境。
       穹顶将通过将ETFE(乙烯四氟乙烯)充气衬垫安装在轻金属结构上来实现。如此一来,就形成了两个保护层。两个保护层之间的空间将被用于技术用途:污染空气的抽出、积雪融化、水回收。
       穹顶的结构将是一个动态的皮肤,会随着外部的环境而成为变态。当气候较为温和时,一些窗口会由中央管理系统打开,空气经由通道散到“皮肤”外部。否则,当气候条件不佳时,窗口将保持关闭状态,内部环境将受到保护,免受外部天气的影响。
      当穹顶关闭时,空气的更新将会通过安装在地下通道外部周边风罩提供,这样空气流动将主要由风力驱动。
为了穹顶能有强风,并产生能量,穹顶的上风处将有一个风力涡轮机。


AIR CYCLE
Astana is surrounded by one of the most extreme habitat in the world. Temperatures are very low in winter and very hot in summer and daily variations are large. For this reason the project includes the realization of a protected environment enclosed under a transparent Dome.
The Dome will be realized using ETFE (Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene) air-filled cushions mounted on a light metal structure. Two protective layers will be realized. The space between the two layers will be used for technical purposes: polluted air extraction, snow melting, water recovery.
The structure of the Dome will be a dynamic skin, which will act metamorphosis in order to adapt to the external environment. When the climate is more gentle, some windows will be opened by the Central Management System and the air passage through the skin will be permitted. Otherwise, when the climate is far from optimal conditions, the windows will be kept closed and the internal environment will be protected from weather phenomena.
When the Dome is closed, air renovation will be provided by underground channels fed by wind cowls installed on the external perimeter. Air movement will be mainly wind-driven.
In order to protect the Dome from strong wind and to produce energy, an array of wind turbines will be located upwind the Dome.

阿斯塔纳城市愿景/ DRA&U Architects第7张图片

水循环

      就像是一个活的有机体,穹顶下受保护的环境也需要接收新鲜的水供人们使用、雨水用于灌溉和排除废水。
该项目将包括一个综合的水资源管理制度。通过安装在两个保护层之间的管道,雨水会被穹顶表层收集起来,并引到专用舱。所收集的水将被用于灌溉和冲洗马桶。此外,被处理后的雨水将会作为补充人工水体包括应用到该项目中。
      为了改善空气质量,并促进废水处理,室内将实现一些绿色区域。为了实现这一目标,人工湿地将会在穹顶下实现;废水将预先处理,然后输送到湿地进行最终净化。系统产生的净化水将被重新用于灌溉和冲洗马桶。
      在冬季,降雪会通过两个保护层之间的管道吹得暖风融化,流到 垫子里面。如此一来,融化的雪水也变成雨水被收集起来。


WATER CYCLE
Like a live organism, the protected environment under the Dome needs to receive fresh water for human consumption, rainwater for irrigation and rejects wastewater.
The project will include an integrated water management system. Rainwater will be collected from the covering thanks to pipes installed into the gap between the skin layers and will be channeled to dedicated tanks. The collected water will be used for irrigation and for toilet flushes. Also, rainwater will be treated and will feed the artificial water bodies included in the project.
Some green areas will be realized indoor in order to improve air quality and to contribute to waste water treatment. For this purpose, constructed wetlands will be realized under the Dome; wastewater will be pre-treated and then channeled to wetlands for final depuration. The cleaned water produced by the system will be reused for irrigation and for toilet flushes.
During winter, possible snow will be melted by blowing warm air in the gap between the skin layers and into cushions. Melted snow will be collected as rainwater.

阿斯塔纳城市愿景/ DRA&U Architects第8张图片

太阳能循环

      太阳起着重要的作用,连接着室内和室外环境。为了在冬季最大化利用太阳能,在节约能量的同时保持穹顶下温暖的环境,设计师建立了该系统。
      在夏季,通过外层动态遮阳设备包括外部皮肤层会避免内部气候过热:通过改变垫内的空气压力、太阳能因子和光透射系数将被改变获得所需的值。
      PV电池将被集成在穹顶外表面,以保证可再生能源的能量再生。为了确定透明垫的优化配置和PV原件,PV电池的图案会使用仿真工具。


SUN CYCLE
The Sun plays an important role, connecting the indoor and the outdoor environment. The system will be set in order to maximize of the use of solar gains in winter to save energy and maintain a warm environment under the Dome.
During summer, overheating will be avoided by dynamic solar shading devices included into the external skin layer: by varying the air pressure inside the cushions, the solar factor and the light transmission factor will be varied obtaining the desired value.
PV cells will be integrated in the external surface of the Dome in order to guarantee energy production from renewable sources. The pattern of PV cells will be studied using simulation tools in order to determine the optimal distribution of transparent cushions and PV elements.

阿斯塔纳城市愿景/ DRA&U Architects第9张图片

能量循环

      该项目的特点是通过使用创新的技术,对特定问题做出最佳解决方案。此外,另一种剩余价值通过连接着穹顶之下及本身的所有元素的智能电网获得。
      智能电网将收集来自所有设备的信息,监控外部天气,改变保护皮肤的结构和管理建筑物内所有能源使用。
      在穹顶内,人们只能使用电动汽车,当然充电站会被重点提供。电动汽车也将被用作临时存储器来储电,从而根据需要改变负荷分布,以最大限度地利用可再生能源。
      节能措施如LED照明设备,将被应用到所有的建筑物和公共场所。


ENERGY CYCLE
The project is characterized by the use innovative technologies that are optimal solutions for specific issues. Also, another surplus value is given by the smart grid which will connect all the elements under the Dome and the Dome itself.
The smart grid will collect information from all the devices, monitoring the external weather, changing the configuration of the protective skin and managing all energy uses inside the buildings.
Under the Dome, only electrical vehicles will be admitted and charging stations will be provided in focal points. Electrical vehicles will be used also as temporary storages for electricity in order to maximize the use of renewable sources by changing the load profile as needed.
Energy saving measures(like LED lighting equipment) will be applied to all buildings and to common spaces.

项目信息:
位置:哈萨克斯坦 阿斯塔纳
委托人:Alyansstroy Invest
类型: 智能城市
状态:成本规划
项目面积:175 公顷
设计团队:DRA&U
合作伙伴:Giorgio Pini
项目组:Simone Luciani, Yana Ivanova, Jonathan Arbib, Annapina Di Filippo.
短程结构:Studio Ingegneria Gilberto Sarti
建筑结构:Studio Ingegneria Gilberto Sarti
机械工程和可持续发展:AI Engineering
CREDITS:
Location : Astana - Kazakhstan
Client : Alyansstroy Invest
Tipology : Smart City
Status : Cost planning
Project Area : 175 Ha
Design Team : DRA&U
Partner in Charge : Giorgio Pini
Project team : Simone Luciani, Yana Ivanova, Jonathan Arbib, Annapina Di Filippo.
Geodesic Structure : Studio Ingegneria Gilberto Sarti
Structure :Studio Ingegneria Gilberto Sarti
Mechanical engineering and Sustainability : AI Engineering

供稿:DRA&U Architects
编辑:刘庆新

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