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走进芝加哥“丛林”中的悬浮几何房第1张图片


弗朗索瓦•佩兰(François Perrin)在芝加哥建筑双年展上展示悬挂的一系列几何“空中房屋”
François Perrin suspends a series of geometric 'Air Houses' for the Chicago Architecture Biennial

由专筑网黎旭辰,曹逸希编译

第二届的芝加哥建筑双年展将持续到2018年1月7日,弗朗索瓦•佩兰(François Perrin)设计了一系列几何结构的建筑,去重新审视传统的建筑对气候的敏感性。该展览名为“空中房屋:为新气候而设计的”,探讨了一种在气候变化、能源危机、人口增长和政治不稳定的经济和环境现实背景下所衍生出的新型建筑。

For the second edition of the Chicago Architecture Biennial, on view until january 7, 2018, François Perrin has developed a series of structures that re-examine traditional climate-responsive construction. The project, titled ‘Air Houses: Design for a new climate’, explores a new kind of architecture that engages with economic and environmental realities against a backdrop of climate change, energy crisis, population growth, and political uncertainty.

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重新审视传统的建筑结构对气候的敏感性/The structures re-examine traditional climate-responsive construction

在2017年芝加哥建筑双年展上,总部在洛杉矶的法国建筑师弗朗索瓦•佩兰在加菲尔德公园温室的棕榈屋内展示了一系列几何形式的建筑。佩兰的设计响应了建筑物及其形成的微气候特征,全面建成的实验提出了建筑与自然和谐相处的新方向。受到巴布亚新几内亚科罗威树屋的影响,参考当地的传统,采用轻巧的织物结构进行设计,同时为建筑设计和制造创造了新的方向。

For the 2017 Chicago Architecture Biennial, François Perrin — a French, LA-based architect — has installed a series of geometric forms within the Garfield Park conservatory’s palm house. Perrin’s design responds to the building, and its microclimate, with a full-scale built experiment that suggests a new direction for building in harmony with nature. Influenced by the korowai tree houses of Papua new guinea, the lightweight, fabric structures reference vernacular traditions while prototyping a new direction for the design and fabrication of buildings.

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该方案探讨了一种以经济和环境现实为背景的建筑/The scheme explores a kind of architecture that engages with economic and environmental realities

该项目旨在创造与自然相适应的建筑类型,而不是对抗它。在整个历史上,文明传统的可持续建设都是利用当地的材料和工程技术。 弗朗索瓦•佩兰认为,这种方法随着现代主义的诞生而转变。“即使现代主义的早期想法涉及空气质量和光线,但国际化风格概念和空调的出现使得建筑远离了二十世纪的环境和气候,”佩兰说。

The project seeks to empower a typology of architecture that works with nature, rather than against it. Throughout history, civilizations have traditionally built sustainably, utilizing local materials and engineering techniques. François Perrin argues that this approach shifted with the birth of modernism. ‘Even if the early ideas of the movement were concerned with air quality and light, the concept of an international style — and the advent of air conditioning — turned architecture away from the environment and climate in the 20th century,’ says Perrin.

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几何形状的外壳安装在加菲尔德公园温室的棕榈屋内/The geometric shells are installed within the Garfield Park conservatory’s palm house

“为了能够悬挂在树冠上,空中房子采用一种更轻,更灵活的方式来建造,不仅能够提供住房,而且有着与气候条件相互作用的结构——能够接受并重新利用太阳或者是阻挡太阳光的照射,通过风和雨来优化舒适度,这样最大限度地发挥出自然资源的作用,”建筑师继续说。 “它们还为植物提供了一个框架,以扩大和成为建筑的一部分,重新激活自然与建筑之间的共生。

‘Suspended in the canopy, the air houses demonstrate a lighter, more flexible approach to building structures that not only provide shelter but also interact with climate conditions– accepting, rejecting, or repurposing sun, wind, and rain to optimize comfort and make the most of natural resources,’ continues the architect. ‘They also provide a framework for plants to grow and become part of the architecture, reactivating the symbiosis between nature and structure.’

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轻巧的面料结构参考当地传统/The lightweight, fabric structures reference vernacular traditions. image © designboom

在2017年芝加哥建筑双年展上,其他项目类别中还包括汇聚全球眼光的SOM工作室的作品展,以及来自纽约的工作室SO-IL设计的空气过滤设备的实验性能展。

Other projects presented as part of the 2017 Chicago Architecture Biennial include an exhibition that spotlights the work of global firm SOM, and an experimental performance that features air-filtering outfits designed by New York-based studio SO-IL. See Designboom’s ongoing coverage of the event here.

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该项目旨在创造一种与自然相适应的建筑类型,而不是反抗它/The project seeks to empower a type of architecture that works with nature, rather than against it. image © designboom

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image © designboom

走进芝加哥“丛林”中的悬浮几何房第8张图片

image © designboom

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这些空中房子显示出更轻,更灵活的建筑结构/The air houses demonstrate a lighter, more flexible approach to building structures

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该设施旨在充分利用自然资源/The installation seeks to make the most of natural resources

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在组装期间的“空中房子”/The ‘air houses’ during their assembly


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