网站地图关于我们

查看相册 View Gallery
找不到理想的工作?别着急,看看这些大师的际遇第1张图片


七位著名建筑师意想不到的第一份工作
The Unexpected First Jobs of Seven Famous Architects

由专筑网李韧,杨帆编译

建筑师的资历在行业内是非常重要的评估手段。尽管在一开始的工资程度并不高,但如果你已经在这个行业坚持了几十年,那相应你所得到工资并不会低。即使是专业技能超群、甚至拍纪录片的BIG事务所创始人Bjarke Ingels也并不是一朝一夕就达到自己的目标,42岁的Dane甚至比Mark Zuckerberg大了整整九岁。

因此,在成为建筑大师之前,经历着丰富而复杂的生活十分常见,而世界上许多成功的建筑师甚至在一开始并没有从事建筑领域事业。如果你还没有找到理想的工作,你也许会从以下名单中得到一丝丝慰藉。

Seniority is infamously important in the field of architecture. Despite occasionally being on the butt end of wage jokes, the field can actually pay relatively well—assuming that you’ve been working for a couple of decades. Even Bjarke Ingels, the tech-savvy, video-producing, Netflix-documentary-starring provocateur and founder of the ultra-contemporary BIG isn’t a millennial; at 42 the Dane is a full nine years older than Mark Zuckerberg.
As a result of this, it's common to lead a rich and complex life before finding architectural fame, and many of the world’s most successful architects started their careers off in an entirely different field. If you haven't landed your dream job yet, you may find the following list of famous architects' first gigs reassuring.

找不到理想的工作?别着急,看看这些大师的际遇第2张图片

Public domain image via Wikimedia

阿尔瓦•阿尔托(Alvar Aalto)

这位芬兰的建筑师于1916在赫尔辛基工业大学开始了他的建筑教育历程。在毕业之前,他的学士学位受到芬兰内战的影响,甚至阿尔托曾经参军经历过战役。他毕业之后没有立即进入建筑行业,1922年他正式加入了军队,是哈米纳预备役军官训练营。离开军队后,阿尔托的第一个项目是设计他父母的住宅。

The Finnish mastermind started his architecture education in 1916 at the Helsinki University of Technology. Before he could graduate, his degree was put on hold by the Finnish Civil War. Aalto joined the White Army and fought in the decisive battle of the war at Tampere. After completing his education he didn’t immediately go into design; in 1922 he officially joined the military, training at the Hamina reserve officer camp. Aalto’s first project out of the military was his parent’s house.

找不到理想的工作?别着急,看看这些大师的际遇第3张图片

© Flickr user krss licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

安藤忠雄(Tadao Ando)

这位自学成才的日本建筑师在青春时期的第一个工作是卡车司机,然后成为了一个职业拳击手。17岁时,他和他的兄弟周游世界,此时建筑的种子已经在他的心中逐渐生根发芽。在安藤忠雄高中毕业两年后,赖特的作品东京帝国酒店让他终止了拳击事业,从此醉心于建筑设计。

The self-taught Japanese architect slogged through his adolescence first as a truck driver and then as a professional boxer. By the age of 17, the seeds of architectural interest were planted as he and his brother traveled the world fighting internationally. Ando credits Frank Lloyd Wright’s Imperial Hotel in Tokyo with finally convincing him to stop boxing and start designing, two years after graduating high school.

找不到理想的工作?别着急,看看这些大师的际遇第4张图片

© Stefan Ruiz

丹尼尔•里伯斯金(Daniel Libeskind)

这位建筑大师出生在波兰,是犹太人大屠杀的幸存者,丹尼尔•里伯斯金在他的青年时期是一位表演艺术家,在十几岁时,他能够熟练地演奏手风琴,1953年,里伯斯金甚至在波兰电视台进行了演奏。他的家人在1959年搬到了纽约,从此他便开始了自己的建筑生涯。

Born in Poland to Jewish Holocaust survivors, Daniel Libeskind was a performing artist for most of his youth. An accomplished accordion player by his teens, Libeskind performed on Polish television in 1953. His family moved to New York in 1959—where he’d move into architecture.

找不到理想的工作?别着急,看看这些大师的际遇第5张图片

© RIBA via The Telegraph

贝聿铭(IM Pei)

1935年,贝聿铭从中国移民至美国研修建筑学学位。然而,1940年当他获得麻省理工学院的建筑学士学位时,他加入了美国的国防研究委员会,来帮助美国在第二次世界大战中发展武器技术。贝聿铭在进行建筑事业之前花了两年多的时间与政府机构合作。虽然很少有人透露贝聿铭的这段历史,但也有传言说委员会的一位成员曾经试图告诉他,“如果你知道如何建造建筑,那么你也应该知道如何摧毁它。”

Pei emigrating from China to the United States in 1935 to work towards a degree in architecture. However, just after receiving his BArch from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1940, Pei joined the National Defense Research Committee to help the United States develop weapons technology in the midst of the second World War. Pei spent over two years with the government organization before returning to design. Although little has been revealed about Pei’s time served with the NDRC, it’s rumored that one of the committee members tried to coax Pei into joining by telling him "If you know how to build you should also know how to destroy."

找不到理想的工作?别着急,看看这些大师的际遇第6张图片

© Alexandra Cabri

弗兰克•盖里(Frank Gehry)

1947年盖里从加拿大移居到洛杉矶。为了糊口,年轻的盖里在洛杉矶城市学院学习的时间里曾经兼职过货车司机。挣到足够的钱之后盖里不禁感慨:“我尝试过电台播音,发现自己并不擅长。我也尝试过化学工程,发现自己也不擅长,然而只是一种建筑师的预感,让我接触了建筑行业”。盖里于1954年毕业于南加州大学建筑学院。

In 1947 Frank Gehry’s family emigrated from Canada to Los Angeles, California. In order to make ends meet, a young Gehry drove a delivery truck while studying at Los Angeles City College. After earning enough money for Bachelor’s degree Gehry lamented his life’s direction: “I tried radio announcing, which I wasn't very good at. I tried chemical engineering, which I wasn't very good at and didn't like... and just on a hunch, I tried some architecture classes.” In 1954 he graduated from the University of Southern California with a BArch.

找不到理想的工作?别着急,看看这些大师的际遇第7张图片

Courtesy of OMA

雷姆•库哈斯(Rem Koolhaas)

库哈斯不仅是一位建筑师,也是一位理论家。在进入伦敦AA建筑学院学习之前,库哈斯还是一位初出茅庐的作家。在他的写作生涯中,库哈斯创作了荷兰电影《白奴》,甚至还为美国色情娱乐导演Russ Meyer创作过一个没能发表的剧本。1975年,库哈斯的大都会建筑事务所(OMA)成立,他也开始创作《疯狂的纽约》。

Koolhaas is equal parts practicing architect and theorist. And, before starting his architecture education at both the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London, Koolhaas was a budding writer. After a journalistic stint at the Haagse Post, Koolhaas co-wrote a Dutch film noir The White Slave. He then went on to pen, alongside Rene Daalder, a (never made) raunchy flick titled Hollywood Tower for the infamous American pornography director Russ Meyer. By 1975, Koolhaas had founded the Office for Metropolitan Architecture and had begun writing Delirious New York.

找不到理想的工作?别着急,看看这些大师的际遇第8张图片

© Nigel Young / Foster + Partners

诺曼•福斯特(Norman Foster)

福斯特在曼彻斯特度过了他大部分的青春时光。16岁至21岁,他在曼彻斯特市财务办公室工作,然后便应征入伍,退伍前他都在皇家空军服役。福斯特在1956年到1961年间就读于曼彻斯特大学建筑与城市规划学院。毕业后,福斯特获得了耶鲁大学的深造奖学金,在那里他与罗杰斯一起学习,并获得了研究生学位。

Foster spent much of his youth in Manchester. After leaving primary school at the age of 16, he worked in Manchester City Treasurer's office, then enlisted in the National Service and served in the Royal Air Force until he was discharged. He completed all of this by age 21, when Foster enrolled in the University of Manchester's School of Architecture and City Planning from 1956 to 1961. After graduation Foster won the Henry Fellowship to study at Yale, where he would go onto study alongside Richard Rogers and earn a graduate degree.


出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。

【专筑网版权与免责声明】:本网站注明“来源:专筑网”的所有内容版权属专筑网所有,如需转载,请注明出处

专于设计,筑就未来

无论您身在何方;无论您作品规模大小;无论您是否已在设计等相关领域小有名气;无论您是否已成功求学、步入职业设计师队伍;只要你有想法、有创意、有能力,专筑网都愿为您提供一个展示自己的舞台

投稿邮箱:submit@iarch.cn         如何向专筑投稿?

扫描二维码即可订阅『专筑

微信号:iarch-cn

登录专筑网  |  社交账号登录:

 匿名

没有了...
评论加载中,请稍后!

新闻 (248 articles)


建筑 (8424 articles)


建筑大师 (63 articles)


工作 (10 articles)


阿尔瓦•阿尔托 (7 articles)


安藤忠雄 (45 articles)


贝聿铭 (21 articles)


库哈斯 (7 articles)


弗兰克·盖里 (15 articles)