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和而不同,也许是历史与现代共存的最好形式第1张图片

西班牙精神病院利用几何形式和浮雕细节唤回历史上的形式
Geometric forms and embossed details recall historic predecessors at Spanish psychiatric facility

由专筑网王帅,李韧编译

Vaillo+Irigaray建筑事务所将坐落在西班牙潘普洛纳市的十九世纪精神科中心进行了现代化改造。改造过程中,建筑师添加了一系列带有山墙意向的结构,并参照了周边现有建筑的形式。

Vaillo+Irigaray Architects has modernised a 19th-century psychiatric centre in the Spanish city of Pamplona by adding a series of structures with gabled profiles that reference the forms of the existing buildings.

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当地的工作室Vaillo+Irigaray建筑事务所致力于医疗设施的重建工程,该项目是当地规划的第一阶段,这个建筑有广阔的庭院,在城市的边缘占据了很大的场地。

西班牙圣弗朗西斯科-哈维尔的Psicogeriatrico中心由当地政府管理,通过提供住宿和现场照顾,帮助精神疾病人群的康复。

The project represents the first stage of a masterplan by local studio Vaillo+Irigaray Architects to redevelop the healthcare facility, which occupies a large site with extensive grounds on the edge of the city.
The Centro Psicogeriatrico San Francisco Javier is operated by the local government and supports people with mental illnesses through the provision of accommodation and on-site care.

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该中心的建筑主要带有十九世纪建筑的特点,在景观花园周围形成一个几何图形。

该工作室受邀翻新一些建筑物,并引进当代的特点,同时保留了结构和自然环境之间的联系。

The centre occupies a large group of 19th-century buildings arranged in a geometric formation around landscaped gardens.
The studio was asked to renovate several of the buildings and introduce contemporary additions, while retaining the relationship between the structures and their natural surroundings.

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建筑师说:“翻新的目的是加强原有的‘卫生保健精神’和‘治疗精神’,将职业治疗和日常锻炼作为治疗病人的基本手段。”

"The aim is to enhance the original 'hygienist spirit' and 'therapeutic spirit' favouring occupational therapy and daily activities as fundamental treatments elements for good care of patients," said the architects.

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建筑翻新工作侧重于创建混合形式,参照现有体系结构,并与现代化处理和细节结合起来。

建筑师们把这些附加结构称为“Prostheses”,目的是通过引入具有加固功能的新空间来扩展设施的性能。

The design of new structures focuses on creating hybridised forms that combine references to the existing architecture with contemporary treatments and details.
The architects described the additions as "prostheses" that aim to extend the facility's performance through the introduction of new spaces with enhanced capabilities.

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建筑师说:“就像假肢能够帮助原身体部分恢复失去的功能一样,在这种情况下,他们重新规划空间并附加新功能。”

“此外,他们将结构进行补充,来适应新的医疗保健趋势和渠道,同时吸收新技术。”

"In the same way that prostheses help the original member to recover a lost function, in this case they reconfigure the space and make new functions possible," said the architects.
"In addition, they complement the structure to accommodate new healthcare trends and channel and assimilate new technologies."

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原始建筑物的外墙和屋面线的几何形状扩建部分的立面形态相呼应。

扩建部分完全使用混凝土结构的墙壁和屋顶,因此整个结构体系只需要支撑其自身的重量即可。

The geometry of the original buildings' facades and roof lines are echoed in the crisp profiles of extensions that perch on top of, or rest alongside, their predecessors.
The new additions are built entirely using structural concrete for the walls and roofs, so the whole elongated forms perform like beams that require minimal support.

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这使得上部楼层可以悬挑在走廊上,由于走廊内衬有玻璃墙壁,从而形成混凝土体量的漂浮效果。

混凝土与水泥砂浆色调相同,与十九世纪建筑的石墙和砖墙融为一体。

This allows the upper floors to cantilever over sheltered walkways lined with glazed walls and creates the impression that the heavy concrete volumes are floating.
The concrete is dyed the same hue as the cement mortar used to bind together the stone and brick walls of the 19th century buildings.

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混凝土的色调与现有结构形成一致,有助于形态的统一。

随着时间的推移,由于建筑暴露于太阳下或受盛行风影响,扩建部分将逐步与原有部分融为一体。

The tone of the concrete creates consistency with the existing structure and helps to unify the scheme.
This will be enhanced as the material weathers over time due to exposure to the sun or prevailing winds, taking on the same character as the aged buildings.

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扩建部分拱形窗户的形态来源于原有建筑,建筑师通过这样的策略来不断激发人们心中的历史记忆。

摄影:Rubén P Bescós

Arched outlines borrowed from the windows of the original wards are embossed into the surfaces of the new concrete facades, introducing a further detail described pertinently by the architects as "a memory of what was left".
Photography is by Rubén P Bescós.

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出处:本文译自www.dezeen.com/,转载请注明出处。

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