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扎哈的俄罗斯森林住宅项目已完工
Zaha Hadid's only house finally completes in Russian forest

由专筑网李韧,王帅编译

这是扎哈的首个私人住宅项目,工作室近期公布了方案的图片和视频,该项目位于俄罗斯莫斯科Barvikha森林,扎哈曾经称呼项目业主为“俄罗斯的詹姆斯邦德”。

这位已故的伊拉克籍英国建筑师为商人企业家Vladislav Doronin设计了这座山顶住宅,Vladislav Doronin经营着Capital Group公司和OKO Group公司,同时,他还是奢侈酒店品牌安缦的所有者。

New photographs and a movie reveal Zaha Hadid's only completed private residence – a house in the Barvikha Forest near Moscow, for a man she called the "Russian James Bond".
The late Iraqi-British architect designed Capital Hill Residence for businessman and philanthropist Vladislav Doronin, who runs property companies Capital Group and OKO Group, and is also the owner of luxury hotel and resort brand Aman.

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住宅的主卧由细长的混凝土支柱支撑,如同树冠一般。

这个漂浮着的体量距离地面22米,为使用者带来广阔景观视角的同时也增加了一定的隐私。地板的边缘向外延伸,形成了住宅的阳台。

套间支柱之间的网格玻璃是竖向交通枢纽,其中装有电梯与楼梯,让Doronin在上下楼的时间也能享受壮丽的景观。

The house's defining feature is a master suite set atop a slender concrete stalk that raises it high above the tree canopy.
Set 22 metres above the ground, this element of the design offers Doronin complete seclusion. Glazed walls, tucked back from the edge of the floor to create two balconies, afford views out over the tree tops.
A stripe of gridded glazing runs the length of the suite's supporting column, which houses a glass lift and staircase that allows Doronin to enjoy the view on his ascent and descent.

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Doronin在视频采访中回忆道:“我跟扎哈说,我希望在清晨醒来,就看到蓝天。我不想看到周边的闲杂人等,我只想要自由。”

“她告诉我说,那么你知道你将住在树上吗?她拿了一张餐巾纸,画了个草图,我看了之后特别喜欢这个设计方案,这就是这座山顶住宅的起源。”

"I told her: 'I want to wake up in the morning and I want to just see blue sky. I don't want to see any neighbors and I want to feel free," recalls Doronin in a new video discussing the project.
"She told me: 'Do you realise you have to be above the trees?' and she just took a napkin and drew the sketch. I looked and I said I liked [it] and this is how we started [the] Capital Hill project."

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三层楼板部分融入地面,而倾斜的玻璃立面直接面向森林。宽阔的屋顶有着不规则的边缘,上方的玻璃体量向外凸出。

建筑的底层部分包含有休闲设施,而休息区、起居室、厨房、娱乐空间、游泳池等功能区都放置于一层。建筑的入口、客房、儿童卧室、书房则位于二层。

Three generous floors partially embedded in the sloping terrain below feature angled glass facades facing into the forest. Broad roofs with irregularly stepped edges overhang the glass walls of each floor.
The lowest level contains leisure facilities, while a lounge, living room and kitchen are set alongside entertaining spaces and a swimming pool on the ground floor. The entrance, guest and children's bedrooms, and a library are set across the first floor.

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这个项目的概念最初在十多年前就已经构思完成,当时建筑师和Doronin在伦敦碰面,扎哈直接在餐巾纸上勾画出了设计方案。

这座建筑的概念效果图于2008年首次公布,而项目的初步效果则公布于2011年。但是这些图片都与最终的成果相差无几。

Doronin说:“对我而言,她不只是一位建筑师。”

“和她沟通非常有趣,她不会和你说太多,但是句句在理,她说话有些刻薄,但非常明智。但我非常遗憾她在2016年离开人世,我们失去了这位本世纪最伟大的建筑师。”

The concept for the project was first conceived over a decade ago, when the pair met in London and Hadid sketched a design out on a napkin.
Visuals of the project were first unveiled in 2008 and initial photographs of the project emerged in 2011, well ahead of Hadid's death. But these images mark the full completion of the residence.
"For me she is an architect of a different league," says Doronin.
"It was very interesting to talk to her, she didn't talk too much but she was very sharp. She was always to the point, she was very sarcastic, she was very intellectual, smart and sharp woman," he continues. "It was very tragic what happened, we lost one of the greatest architects of this century."

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扎哈生前的合作伙伴Patrik Schumacher在其2016年去世后接手扎哈建筑事务所的各项事务,Patrik认为该项目是一个极具梦幻的委托任务。

Patrik在视频中说道:“这是一座梦幻的住宅,没有任何一位建筑师会拒绝这项委托。扎哈了解Vladislav,她总是把他比作詹姆斯邦德,因为他有着极高的品位,也有着巨大的财富创造能力。”

Hadid's former business partner Patrik Schumacher, who took over the helm of the company following her death in 2016, describes the project as a dream commission.
"It's a dream house. No architect would refuse such a commission," he says in the video. "Zaha knew Vladislav – a very stylish man – she always compared him to the Russian James Bond who had taste, wealth to create something extraordinary."

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“该项目完全展现了扎哈的设计天赋,这让人类能够在一个全新的高度享受生活。”

“这是一部杰作,它既表达了扎哈作品的有机复杂性、空间复杂性,还具有许多惊喜与诗意。”

"This project is an absolute testament to Zaha's genius – Vladislav's genius if you like – of somebody who develops new levels of enjoying life on this planet," he continues.
"This is a masterpiece. It has Zaha's signature features of organic intricacy, complexity of spatial arrangement, a lot of surprises, and a lot of craftiness and beauty."

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在Dezeen影片中,英国建筑师诺曼•福斯特认为扎哈的这个项目“独特非凡”。

福斯特回忆,Doronin曾经在一次晚宴上炫耀这座住宅的效果图,但是他也很遗憾扎哈再也无法看着这座项目建成。

图片版权:OKO Group

British architect Norman Foster praised the "extraordinary" project in a Dezeen movie paying tribute to Hadid.
Foster recalls Doronin proudly showing photographs of his completed home at a dinner party, and feeling "tremendous disappointment" that he would never be able to share the compliment with Hadid.
Images are courtesy of OKO Group.

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出处:本文译自www.dezeen.com/,转载请注明出处。

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