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传承至今的历史,不被忘却的河流,创新而又有活力地交汇在这里第1张图片

波兰维斯瓦河的林荫大道
Vistula Boulevards / RS Architektura Krajobrazu

由专筑网pilewyj,李韧编译

维斯瓦河(Vistula)林荫大道位于华沙中部,那里是城市历史遗址和现代都市的交汇点,这个旅游景点可用于各种形式的户外活动,它不仅能将让河流元素回归到城市人们的生活中,同时也将原本紧密性较弱的用途和功能连接起来。当处理维斯瓦河周边场地时,RS Landscape Architects的设计师们将设计的关注点集中在了这几个主要方面,即创造独特的开放性公共空间,通过人与自然的交流激发城市的连贯性,为当地社区和游客带来亲水区域和休闲场所,因此,项目的设计过程也包括了当地社区的参与这一环节。

Vistula Boulevard is situated on one of the most attractive parts of the central Warsaw stretching between historical and new urban areas. The proximity of those touristic places created opportunities for the high-quality outdoor mixed-use and leisure destination that would not only return the river back to the city but also link disjointed uses and functions. When addressing the site of the disconnected Vistula river, RS Landscape Architects concentrated on few major design aspects: to create unique and ’accessible to all’ public space, form an urban continuity by improved communication, allow the site to be floodable and to offer recreational and social functions bringing community and visitors together all year round. The design process included the program of local community engagement.

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RS Landscape Architects的设计师们提出的维斯瓦河林荫大道景观设计项目在华沙公共部门组织的竞赛中胜出(维苏瓦西滨河城市和建筑设计竞赛)。场地入口的设计是与Architecture建筑事务所合作完成,这个全新的大道由线性步行道元素构成,并且与相关活动场所相连接,这些活动场所与现有的城市开放空间密切相连,位于Powiśle和Podzamcze两个区域之间。沿河岸而设的自行车道、如树、亭、花架等一系列垂直设施等元素形成令人眼前一亮的环形元素,这些空间都充分地利用了场地。

该项目的一大目的是创建社区场地,当地人们和游客能够在这里集会、休闲、娱乐。林荫道场地可以分为三个区域,与奥德镇(Old Town)相对的这个区块可以用于庆祝当地历史事件,还能与有着甲板、绿地和有着漂浮咖啡馆的休闲步道相呼应。另一块位于商业发展区域附近的带状空间设置有许多“漂浮”展馆,主要用于提供餐饮服务,同时也能缓解涨潮的危机,第三个带状区块则主要满足娱乐、教育的功能,这里将逐渐成为林荫大道和城市的中心场所。

场地中有设有矮墙的公园、搭建了亭台廊架的海滩、舒适宜人的草坪、科教宣传区域以及展览馆。除此之外,场地内还有许多有趣的元素,比如蹦床、泳池和一些艺术雕塑。场地中大部分区域位于洪范区,预期每隔几年都会被洪水所淹没,这对设计造成了很大的影响,因此设计师没有使用诸如栅栏等渗透性强的结构元素,也减少树阵,同时使用防腐性强的材料,另外增加了小品的稳定性,再结合例如混凝土、木材、石材和钢铁等简单材料强调设计与自然的和谐,并且增强项目的质感。

Proposed landscape of Vistula Boulevard is the outcome of the winning competition organised by the public authorities of Warsaw (‘Urban and architectural competition for the designing of the Vistula west facing riverfront’). The entry was done along with the ‘Architecture’ company responsible for the architecture. This new 2km long boulevard is formed by the linear walkway and associated activity pockets that are carefully integrated with the existing openings in the urban fabric between two areas: Powiśle and Podzamcze. The linearity is defined by bike lane set along the riverside and vertical elements (trees, pavilions, pergolas) establishing a clear circulation strategy and use of the site. The unique character of the site was an important matter during the design process in creating major community destination, a true meeting place where locals and visitors interact, relax and are entertained. The boulevard offers different functions and can be divided into the three areas. The area opposite the Old Town, celebrates historic setting and responds to the classical layout which includes walkway with docking deck, green zone and relaxation hub with floating cafes. Another strip located near commercial development offers catering services from the sequence of ‘floating’ pavilions that are designed to deal with occasional flooding. The last strip evolved to accommodate recreation and educational type of functions and become the main destination of the boulevard and its heart. It consists of the park with podiums, beach with pavilions, amenity lawns, educational zone and expo pavilions. There are also more playful elements like trampolines, ‘splash pool’, sculpted objects. The majority of the site is under the flood risk zone with expectancy to be flooded every couple of years. This strong constraint set the design foundation with its response in the layout that avoids barriers and cultivates the permeability of the structures, linear layout of the trees , fixing method of pavilions and durable, anti-corrosive materials. The simplicity in the selection of the materials (concrete, timber, stone and steal) enhance the harmony and high quality of the design.

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在设计范围周边场所,尤其是战争前就已存在的Starzyński林荫大道区域,这些场所的古城区部分仍被保留下来。
                          
Along the designed area, especially in the part of Starzyński Boulevard some historical fragments that were build still before the war have been partially retained.

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在设计后,这里的空间使用率会大大提升,这条林荫大道为游客和河流之间提供了互动的场所,尤其是滨河活动区域在之前并不存在,因为当时城市居民并没有意识到公共空间的重要作用,曾经,它一直是个不起眼、被排除在城市社会生活的沿水地区,而如今,它的地位得到了提升。维斯瓦河林荫大道已成为了华沙城市中最受欢迎的休闲场所,它创造了华沙城市和河流之间的新关系。昔日城市无人问津的区域,逐渐蜕变成了一个全新、极具吸引力的城市地标。

The high frequency is a positive outcome of the designed space. The Boulevard creates a great opportunity for a direct interaction between visitors and the river, especially that the riverfront previously didn’t exist as a public space in the common awareness of city dwellers. The riverside area that before has been unattractive space, excluded from the cities’ social life has changed completely. The Vistula Boulevard has become one of the favourite destination sites in Warsaw creating a new relationship between city and river, and what was formerly a back-side is turned into a new, highly attractive front.

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项目信息:
项目名称:“维斯瓦河大道”–华沙滨水区
地点:波兰,华沙
客户:华沙政府
景观设计与场地设计:RS Architektura Krajobrazu
建筑设计:Artchitecture
规模:8,7公顷
项目时间:2013-2015年(1阶段),2016-2017年(2阶段)
状态:已完成
摄影:RS Architektura Krajobrazu
获奖状况:2015年Mayor of Warsaw最佳建筑空间奖
2015年波兰Grupa Sztuka Krajobrazu公共空间类一等奖

Project name: “Vistula Boulevards” – Warsaw waterfront on the distance from  Boleść St. to Tamka St.
Location: Warsaw, Poland
Client: The Capital City of Warsaw
Landscape architect & site plan designer: RS Architektura Krajobrazu
Architect: Artchitecture
Scale: 8,7 hectares
Year: 2013-2015 (1 stage), 2016-2017 (2 stage)
Status: Completed
Photography: RS Architektura Krajobrazu, UM Warszawa
Awards: The Architectural Prize of the Mayor of Warsaw – Best Public Space of 2015,
Grupa Sztuka Krajobrazu Prize – Polish Landscape 2015 – level 1 award in the category of public space

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