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曼哈顿豪华住宅的前世与今生第1张图片


曼哈顿上东区联排住宅
Upper Eastside Townhouse / Michael K Chen Architecture

由专筑网李韧,吴静雅编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:建造于1879年的新格雷克风格联排住宅位于纽约曼哈顿上东区。该项目既平衡了该地区的历史气息,也表达了建筑的现代感。该项目十分注重传统工艺,并且通过设计、协调、合作的数字策略来完成整个设计流程。

Text description provided by the architects. The reinvention of a badly degraded, but significant 1879 Neo-Grec townhouse on Manhattan’s Upper East Side negotiates and balances the building’s history and context with a desire for a forward-looking, contemporary residence. This is accomplished largely through an exceptional attention to craft, augmented by digital methods for design, coordination, and a broadly collaborative approach.

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建筑的各种装饰物由机器生产,拥有新格雷克风格特征,另外还运用了诸如电脑数控切割技术和其他制造方式。

The machine-produced decoration and crisp, incised ornamental surfaces that are characteristic of the Neo-Grec style were projected forward to a contemporary context, informing current and forward-looking processes of making like computer controlled milling and other contemporary manufacturing methods.

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在这座家庭住宅之中,建筑师运用了大尺度的活动空间,因此建筑有着多个层次与方位的循环系统。建筑师通过采光、通风,以及流线系统让室内外空间愈发生动,同时运用垂直的洞口和通高的空间来去表达建筑的尺度感,并且在各个楼层之间形成视觉与空间上的联系。

Conceived as both a family home and a setting for large-scale entertaining and events, the house is organized around multi-directional and multi-level circulation. Opportunities for light, air, and circulation to enliven the interior and exterior on the highly constrained site were developed through generous vertical openings and glazed double height spaces that emphasize the building’s grand proportions and create visual and spatial connections between floors.

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这种设计方式通过多方合作完成,例如特定场地装置则由艺术家Sarah Oppenheimer设计完成,包括天窗、铝制管道、镀银镜面的设计。艺术品表达了主要楼梯与阅览空间中的竖向设施,并且将倾斜体量与建筑中部的几何体相结合,同时还表达了室内外空间之间的连接,而这些艺术效果则通过屋顶、外部场所,以及背立面的设计而显现。

Notable collaborations enabled by this design approach include a site-specific installation by artist Sarah Oppenheimer, integrated into the top floor of the building. Comprised of a flush walkable skylight, an aluminum manifold, and a front-silvered mirror, the artwork reflects a perpetually vertical slice of sky into the space of the main stair and library, and introduces a skewed angle into the overall geometry of the mid-block building, as well as a strong linkage between interior and exterior spaces that also informs the design of the rooftop penthouse, exterior spaces, and the rear facade.

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建筑立面运用了大量的雕刻元素,再结合垂直绿化,该部分的设计则与SUNY植物学者合作完成,并且运用了多种当地植物种类。由于气候变化的影响,一些植物已成为濒危状态,首次被列入城市保护植物名录之中。为了表达立面的几何特性和植物要素,建筑师进行了一系列的环境分析,这为不同的当地植物提供了不同层次的温度与湿度环境。

The facade makes extensive use of sculpted terracotta elements, and incorporates a vertical garden, designed in collaboration with SUNY conservation botanists, that features a host of native woodland flora. Some plantings used are federally endangered species due to the impact of climate change, and are being propagated for the first time as a test case in urban conservation gardening. Intensive environmental analysis informed the geometry of the facade and planter elements which creates passively differentiated nano gradients of temperature, exposure, and moisture for a variety of native plantings.

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在整座建筑中,来自新兴的独立美国设计师和工作室设计的作品,与意大利、斯堪的纳维亚,以及美国当地的现代主义设计作品相结合。许多现代家具都为这座住宅定制而成,其中包括来自建筑师和室内设计师的作品。

Throughout the house, works of design by emerging and independent American designers and studios is integrated with significant works of modernist design from Italy, Scandinavia, and the United States. Much of the contemporary furniture was custom designed for the house primarily through designer commissions, including a number of custom pieces by the architects who are solely responsible for the project’s architecture as well its interior design.
         
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建筑设计:Michael K Chen Architecture
地点:美国,纽约
设计团队:Michael K Chen, Alan Tansey, Justin Snider, Elena Hasbun, Braden Caldwell, Natasha Harper, Robinson Strong, Michelle Frantelizzi, Julian Anderson
面积:9600.0平方英尺(约892平方米)
项目时间:2017年
摄影:Alan Tansey
制造商:Boffi, Boston Valley Terra Cotta, Dornbracht, Gaggenau, Vitrocsa, Case Window and Door, Waterworks, Viking, Paola Lenti, Kettal, Ann Sacks, Walker Zanger
结构设计:Buro Happold
MEP:Buro Happold
立面工程:Buro Happold
景观设计:Local Office Landscape Architecture
灯光设计:Brian Orter Lighting Design
保护顾问:Prudon and Partners
总承包商:IA Construction Management

Architects: Michael K Chen Architecture
Location: New York, NY, United States
Design Team: Project team:Michael K Chen, Alan Tansey, Justin Snider, Elena Hasbun, Braden Caldwell, Natasha Harper, Robinson Strong, Michelle Frantelizzi, Julian Anderson
Area: 9600.0 ft2
Project Year: 2017
Photographs: Alan Tansey
Manufacturers: Boffi, Boston Valley Terra Cotta, Dornbracht, Gaggenau, Vitrocsa, Case Window and Door, Waterworks, Viking, Paola Lenti, Kettal, Ann Sacks, Walker Zanger
Structural: Buro Happold
MEP: Buro Happold
Facade Engineering: Buro Happold
Landscape Architecture: Local Office Landscape Architecture
Lighting Design: Brian Orter Lighting Design
Preservation Consultants: Prudon and Partners
General Contractor: IA Construction Management

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