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顶尖大学的一流实验室|牛津大学Beecroft大楼第1张图片


University of Oxford Beecroft Building / Hawkins\Brown

由专筑网邢子,李韧编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:2009年Hawkins \ Brown受到牛津大学的委托,设计全新的物理理论与实验大楼。学校的想法是要与前沿的实验室共同建立协作的工作环境,为学校在物理学方面的世界领先研究提供服务设施。

Text description provided by the architects. Hawkins\Brown was appointed by the University of Oxford in 2009 to design the new theoretical and experimental physics building. The University’s vision was for a collaborative working environment that would sit alongside cutting edge laboratories to provide unprecedented facilities for the university’s world-leading research in Physics.

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新建筑的场地为建筑师们提出了许多具有挑战性的限制条件。项目位于英国牛津市中心东北部Parks路和Keble路的交汇处,地理位置优越,并临近几栋受保护的建筑,尤其是19世纪70年代William Butterfield在基布尔学院(Keble College)设计的新哥特式建筑,它属于一级保护建筑。一棵雪松树毗邻主入口,场地两侧也被牛津中心城市保护区包围着。该建筑面向北部大学公园的广阔景色,设计的建筑体量呼应了多样的当地环境,包括各种不同规模的建筑。

The site allotted for the new building presented a number of challenging constraints for the designers. At the junction of Parks Road and Keble Road in the north east of Oxford City Centre, the prominent location sits in close proximity to several listed buildings, notably the grade I listed neo-gothic buildings of Keble College, designed in the 1870s by William Butterfield. A protected cedar tree sits adjacent to the main entrance and the site is also enclosed by Oxford’s Central City Conservation Area on two sides. The building enjoys expansive views across the University Parks to the north and its massing has been arranged to respond to the varied local context, which contains a range of scales and settings.

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建筑表面由青铜、玻璃和膨胀铜网嵌板组合而成,并带有自然风化的青铜鳍状网格。韵律和色彩呼应了基布尔学院垂直的哥特式风格。大型落地窗将风景引入室内空间,形成建筑及其环境之间的视觉联系。

The building is clad in a combination of bronze, glass and expanded copper mesh insert panels with a grid of naturally weathering bronze fins. The rhythm, vertical emphasis and colour respond to the upright gothic style of Keble College. Large picture windows frame views into and out of the internal collaboration spaces, creating visual connections between activities within the building and its context.

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牛津市中心的建筑受到该市“Carfax高度”政策的限制,该政策规定,在距牛津市中心Carfax塔1.2公里的范围内,新建筑的高度都不得超过18米。为了在场地上满足大学所需的全套住宿,另外还包括大量的服务空间和工厂,从而实现极其稳定并且严格控制的实验室环境,因此有必要开发一个16米深的地下室,这座双层设施将达到全球的最高标准。

Buildings in central Oxford are restricted by the city’s “Carfax Height” policy, which limits new buildings within 1.2km of Carfax Tower in the centre of Oxford to 18m in height. In order to fit the full complement of accommodation required by the university onto the site, including an extensive amount of services and plant to achieve extremely stable and tightly controlled laboratory environments, the development of a 16 metre-deep basement was necessary. This houses two floors of facilities that meet the highest global standards.

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在这个坚固的地下室中,严格隔振标准的“黑匣子”实验室已经建立起来。它们被安装在整体式混凝土龙骨板的顶部,其中最重的设备有54吨,并且安装了复杂的阻尼系统来为纳米级实验提供稳定的平台,这些实验非常敏感,足以受到包括9英里(约14.5千米)以东M40高速公路振动的影响。

Within the robust basement floors, structurally isolated “black box” laboratories that require onerous standards of vibration isolation have been created. These are housed on top of monolithic concrete keel slabs, the heaviest of which weighs 54 tonnes, and are mounted on sophisticated damping systems to provide a stable platform for nano- scale experiments that are otherwise sensitive enough to be affected by vibration sources that include the M40 Motorway, nine miles to the east.

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主要的工厂设备安装在地下室中,结构之间有物理脱缝,用于隔离任何可能影响实验的振动。

尽管物理实验室的设计困难重重,但Hawkins \ Brown事务所的设计方案还是获得了英国标准建筑认证BREEAM的优秀评价。

Major plant equipment is housed in a sub-basement with a physical break between the structures to isolate any vibration that may affect experiments.
Despite the heavy servicing of the Experimental Physics laboratories, Hawkins\Brown’s building achieved a BREEAM Excellent rating.

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建筑中庭有着一系列楼梯和楼梯平台,形成建筑的焦点,并在两部分之间建立了连续性。楼梯平台配有黑板和椅子,并且可以随时充当讲台,便于研究人员进行演示,同时鼓励他们一起讨论并表达想法,这得益于中庭和各个研究办公室之间有力的视觉联系。这与学校希望打破传统学术工作模式、借鉴行业经验、转变工作方式的想法相一致。

The central atrium, through which rises a series of stairs and landings, provides a focal point for the building and establishes continuity between the two halves. The landings are equipped with blackboards and informal seating and act as stages, facilitating presentations by researchers and encouraging them to test, discuss and develop their ideas together. This is supported by strong visual links across the atrium and into individual research offices. This aspect is in line with the university’s vision for the Department to break with the traditional academic working model and learn from industry to transform its working methods.

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建筑事务所:Hawkins\Brown
位置:英国,牛津
面积:8950.0 m2
项目时间:2018年
摄影:Jim Stephenson, Jack Hobhouse
主要承包商:Laing O’Rourke
项目经理:WSP Parsons Brinckerhoff
计量检验:Turner & Townsend
机电工程:Hoare Lea
结构工程:Peter Brett Associates
景观设计:BD Landscape

Architects: Hawkins\Brown
Location: Oxford OX1 3PU, United Kingdom
Area: 8950.0 m2
Project Year: 2018
Photographs: Jim Stephenson, Jack Hobhouse
Main Contractor: Laing O’Rourke
Project Manager: WSP Parsons Brinckerhoff
Quantity Surveyor: Turner & Townsend
M&E Engineer: Hoare Lea
Structural Engineer: Peter Brett Associates
Landscape Architects: BD Landscape

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