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伦佐•皮亚诺新作:没有固定的公式,只有“有趣的实验”第1张图片


伦佐•皮亚诺在哥伦比亚大学设计了错落有致的混凝土礼堂
Renzo Piano tops Columbia University's The Forum with staggered concrete auditorium

由专筑网缕夕,杨帆编译

意大利建筑师伦佐•皮亚诺(Renzo Piano)为哥伦比亚大学设计了第三座建筑,项目位于新建的曼哈顿维尔校区,他形容这是一项“有趣的实验”。

Italian architect Renzo Piano has completed his third building for Columbia University's new Manhattanville campus in Harlem, a project he describes as an "interesting experiment" in gentrification.

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这座名为“The Forum”的玻璃和混凝土建筑与去年普利兹克获奖建筑师设计的Lenfest艺术中心以及哥伦比亚大学历史校园以北几个街区的Jerome L Greene科学中心相连。

该“The Forum”包括一个礼堂,一个信息中心,一个覆盖Wi-Fi的咖啡馆,以及为社区活动开放的灵活空间。它们位于一楼,采用玻璃幕墙围合。皮亚诺希望可以吸引过路行人进入建筑,并鼓励他们“腾出时间”。

The glass and concrete structure known as The Forum joins the Pritzker Prize-winning architect's Lenfest Art Centre, which opened last year, and the Jerome L Greene Science Center in 2016 at the site – a few blocks north of Columbia University's historic campus in Morningside Heights.
The Forum contains an auditorium, an information centre, a cafe with wi-fi, and flexible spaces open for community events. These are located the ground floor and wrapped in large expanses of glazing. Piano intends to draw in passers by and encourages them to "take their time".

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“在设计校园及其前三座建筑的总体规划时,我们希望帮助哥伦比亚大学成为全球性的大学,一座为了城市而存在的大学。”皮亚诺在一份项目声明中说到。

“纽约的街道和人行道完全融入了校园的结构。”他补充说。“这种模式脱离了几个世纪前的校园模式。”

"In designing the masterplan for the campus and its first three buildings, we wanted to help Columbia as a global university in the city and for the city," he said in a project statement.
"New York's streets and sidewalks are woven into the fabric of the campus," he added. "This is not like the campus of earlier centuries."

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“The Forum”遵循西街125号与百老汇交汇处创建的三角形地块的形状。

三角形也是在上面预制的混凝土板中包覆的体量。它的特点是分为三个层次,并层级后退,一方面呼应了街对面的重型艺术建筑的形式,另一方面以悬挑式的体量覆盖主入口。

The Forum follows the shape of the triangular corner plot created by the intersection of West 125th Street and Broadway.
Also triangular is the volume clad in prefabricated concrete panels set above. It features three levels that step back at the rear – mirroring the shapes of his top-heavy arts building across the street – and ends in a cantilevered peak to cover the main entrance.

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圆柱形机械系统从屋顶升起,补充了建筑物和周围19世纪工业建筑被剥离的缺憾。

礼堂设置有437个座位,布置在建筑的最顶两层。墙壁和天花板采用木板装饰,起到改善音响的效果,而其余表面则用石板材料覆盖。

在建筑另一端设置的玻璃体量,最初用于两个功能的办公,包括解决全球问题的哥伦比亚世界项目倡议。

另一个是哥伦比亚大学的奥巴马基金会学者:为来自亚洲、非洲、南美洲、南亚和欧洲的12名学生开设为期一年的“学术和公民领导力计划”。

Cylindrical mechanical systems rise from the roof, complementing the stripped-back materiality of the building and the surrounding 19th-century industrial architecture.
The 437-seat auditorium occupies the top two levels of the concrete block. Wood panels partially line the walls and ceilings to improve acoustics, while the remaining surfaces are covered in a stony material.
A glazed volume set on top of the other end of The Forum is occupied by offices that will initially be used for two programmes, including the Columbia World Projects initiative, which aims to solve global issues.
The other is the Obama Foundation Scholars at Columbia: a year-long "academic and civic leadership programme" for a class of 12 pupils from Asia, Africa, South America, South Asia and Europe.

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办公室里的橙色地毯和家具是贯穿整个建筑的重要颜色,还有醒目的黄色墙壁的楼梯间。

其中一个楼梯通向建筑的地下室,中央能源工厂提供用于加热和冷却的蒸汽和冷冻水。

Orange-hued carpets and furniture in the offices are among splashes of colour that run throughout the building, as well as stairwells with bold yellow walls.
One of the staircases leads down to the building's basement, where a Central Energy Plant provides steam and chilled water used for heating and cooling.

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皮亚诺的“The Forum”、艺术中心和神经科学研究设施,是与SOM建筑事务所共同开发的曼哈顿上城基地总体规划的第一阶段的一部分。它涉及曼哈顿维尔社区的改造——一个夹在两条高架运输动脉之间的前工业区,成为哥伦比亚大学的新枢纽。

皮亚诺就关于该项目在边缘化区域的高档化方面的问题,描述为这是一个未知后果的“微妙问题”。

Piano's triptych of forum, arts centre and neuroscience research facility form part of the first phase of a masterplan for the Upper Manhattan site, which the architect has developed with architecture firm SOM. It involves the transformation of the Manhattanville neighbourhood – a former industrial site sandwiched between two elevated transport arteries – into a new hub for the university.
Asked whether he considered the project problematic in terms of gentrifying the marginalised area, Piano described it as a "delicate matter" with unknown consequences.

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“每当你在外围工作时,你总是在处理一件微妙的事情......因为它是在不失去某处灵魂的情况下进行改变的。”他在“The Forum”开幕时告诉Dezeen记者。

“我没有固定的公式手法,我认为这是一项有趣的实验。”

"Every time you work in the peripheries, you are always dealing with a delicate matter... because it's about transforming without losing the soul of somewhere," he told Dezeen at the opening of The Forum.
"I don't have a formula, I think that this is a kind of interesting experiment."

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为了避免产生孤立现有社区的现象,皮亚诺在该项目的设计中创建了大量可公开访问的区域,而不是整合性区域。

例如,光线充足的Jerome L Greene科学中心和顶级的Lenfest艺术大楼,其已经建有一个公共神经科学教育实验室、健康中心和由哥伦比亚医生领导的延伸计划。

To avoid isolating the existing community, Piano's aim for the project is to create plenty of publicly accessible areas that could instead integrate it.
For example, the light-filled Jerome L Greene Science Center and the top-heavy Lenfest arts building already house a public neuroscience Education Lab, a wellness centre and outreach programmes led by Columbia physicians.

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81岁的皮亚诺是世界上最著名的建筑师之一,在最新的Dezeen热门榜上排名第44位。最近他志愿设计一个新的结构来代替他的家乡热那亚倒塌的Ponte Morandi桥。

这位意大利建筑师也是RA大型展览的焦点,展览名为“伦佐•皮亚诺”:关注建筑艺术,聚焦于他最重要的项目,如巴黎的蓬皮杜中心,伦敦的碎片大厦和纽约的惠特尼博物馆。

照片由哥伦比亚大学提供,由Frank Oudeman拍摄。

Piano, 81, is one of the world's best-known architects, and ranked at 44 on the latest Dezeen Hot List. He hit the news recently when he volunteered his skills to design a structure to replace the collapsed Ponte Morandi bridge in his hometown of Genoa
The Italian architect is also the focus of a major exhibition at the RA called Renzo Piano: The Art of Making Buildings, which focuses on his most important projects, like the Centre Pompidou in Paris, The Shard in London, and the Whitney Museum in New York.
Photography is by Frank Oudeman, courtesy of Columbia University.

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